Medicinal Plants

Abutilon Indicum (Indian Mallow – Atibala)

Botanically, Abutilon Indicum (also called Indian mallow in English and Atibala in Hindi) is an Indian medicinal plant used in Ayurveda. Indian mallow is beneficial in general debility, nervous disorders, headache, muscular weakness, heart diseases, bleeding disorders and paralytic disorders.

Ayurvedic physicians commonly use Indian mallow in joint pain, debility after chronic disease, Hemiplegia and facial paralysis. The oil prepared from Atibala and Bala is beneficial in all types of disorders of the nervous system, joint disorders and muscular dystrophy.

Botanical Description

Basic Information

Scientific Name ABUTILON INDICUM
Plant Family MALVACEAE
Hindi Name ATIBALA, KANGI, KANGHI, KAKAHI, KANGHANI
Sanskrit Name ATIBALA, KANKATIKA
English Name INDIAN MALLOW, INDIAN ABUTILON
Other Names ATIKHIRATE, KHAPATE

Botanical Classification (Taxonomy)

Kingdom PLANTAE
Sub-Kingdom VIRIDIPLANTAE
Infra Kingdom STREPTOPHYTA  (land plants)
Super Division EMBRYOPHYTA
Division TRACHEOPHYTA (TRACHEOPHYTES or Vascular Plants)
Sub Division SPERMATOPHYTINA (SPERMATOPHYTES or Seed Plants)
Class MAGNOLIOPSIDA
Super Order ROSANAE
Order MALVALES
Family MALVACEAE (Mallows)
Genus ABUTILON (Indian Mallow)
Species ABUTILON INDICUM (Monkey bush – sweet)

Medicinal Parts

  • Roots
  • Seeds
  • Whole Plant

Generally, roots are used in medicines.

Medicinal Properties

Abutilon Indicum (Indian mallow) has following healing properties.

Primary Action (all parts of plant)

  • Nervine tonic
  • Anodyne
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Cardiac tonic
  • Antidiabetic and hypoglycemic
  • Carminative
  • Laxative
  • Antioxidant

Secondary Action

  • Antipyretic
  • Cough suppressant
  • Hepato-Protective
  • Antibacterial
  • Hematogenic

Dominance of Medicinal properties according to parts of plant

Leaves

  • Demulcent
  • Laxative
  • Diuretic
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Sedative

Seeds

  • Laxative
  • Expectorant
  • Demulcent

Roots

  • Diuretic

Stem bark

  • Diuretic
  • Astringent

Mucilage (extracted from leaves)

  • Diuretic
  • Demulcent

Therapeutic Indications

Abutilon Indicum (Indian mallow) is helpful in following health conditions.

Brain & Nerves

  • Paralysis
  • Facial paralysis
  • Hemiplegia

Heart & Blood

  • Cardiac Debility
  • Rapid heartbeat

Digestive Health

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Women Health

  • Used as uterine tonic

Dosage

Plant Part or Derivative Dosage
Roots Powder 3 to 6 grams
Seed Powder 1 to 3 grams
Root extract 250 mg to 750 mg
Seed extract 125 mg to 500 mg

The maximum dosage of Indian mallow (Abutilon Indicum) root or seed powder should not exceed from 12 grams per day.

Caution & Side Effects

Indian people use Atibala as supplement to keep body healthy and stay away from diseases related to nervous system and musculoskeletal disorders.

Indian mallow (Abutilon Indicum) is LIKELY SAFE in natural crude form of the plant parts. The dosage should not exceed from 12 grams per day. There is no information available for safety and efficacy of Indian mallow in heavy dosages. There are no side effects reported with recommended dosage.

The extract of roots and seeds of Indian mallow is not studied properly for safety, so you should not use extracts of Indian mallow.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Indian mallow (Abutilon Indicum) in natural form is POSSIBLY SAFE in pregnancy and breastfeeding, but you should avoid using its extract in pregnancy. Extract of Atibala may have side effects.

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants) is an Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). Ayur Times is an initiative of his efforts to bring quality information on Indian Medicine with the highest level of relevancy and scientific evidence.

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