Aquilaria (Agarwood or Oud)

Aquilaria is a group of plant species that provides Agarwood (also called Oud). Agarwood is most expensive wood and used for a several things. Its resin and oud oil is used in ayurvedic medicine and cosmetic products.

Resin of agar wood is known as agar. Indian uses AGARBATTI, which generally are incense sticks prepared from agar resin.

Ayurvedic physicians use agar wood resin (agar) in the treatment of digestive ailment, mental ailment, skin diseases and hair fall.

Botanical Description

Basic Information

Scientific Name AQUILARIA GENUS (Main Species – AQUILARIA APICULATA, AQUILARIA MALACCENSIS, AQUILARIA CRASSNA)
Plant Family MALVACEAE
Hindi Name AGAR
Sanskrit Name AGARU
English Name AQUILARIA, AGARWOO, ALOESWOOD, EAGLEWOOD
Other Names OUDH, AGALOCHA, GAHARU, AGALOCHA

Botanical Classification (Taxonomy)

Kingdom PLANTAE
Sub-Kingdom VIRIDIPLANTAE
Infra Kingdom STREPTOPHYTA  (land plants)
Super Division EMBRYOPHYTA
Division TRACHEOPHYTA/TRACHEOPHYTES (vascular plants)
Sub Division SPERMATOPHYTINA/SPERMATOPHYTES (Seed Plants)
Class MAGNOLIOPSIDA
Super Order ROSANAE
Order MALVALES
Family MALVACEAE (Mallows or Mauves)
Genus AQUILARIA
Species Approx. 15 Species including AQUILARIA APICULATA, AQUILARIA MALACCENSIS, AQUILARIA CRASSNA

Medicinal Parts

According to ayurveda, agar wood resin and agar wood (oud) oil is suitable for medicinal uses.

Medicinal Properties

Agar wood resin and agar wood (oud) oil has following healing properties.

  1. Digestive stimulant
  2. Anti-inflammatory
  3. Anti-arthritic
  4. Demulcent
  5. Expectorant
  6. Carminative
  7. Emmenagogue
  8. Analgesic
  9. Muscle relaxant
  10. Antipruritics (oud oil)
  11. Aphrodisiac

Therapeutic Indications

Agar wood resin and agar wood (oud) oil is helpful in following health conditions.

Heart & Blood

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Blood purifier

Lungs & Airways

  • Asthma
  • Cough
  • Hiccup

Digestive Health

  • Bad Breath (Mouth Odor)
  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal distension
  • Bloating
  • Intestinal gas
  • Abdominal cramps

Muscle, Bones & Joints

  • Muscle spasm
  • Gout

Skin & Hairs

  • Pruritus (Itching)
  • Burning sensation on the skin

Benefits & Medicinal Uses

Agarwood increases appetite by acting on gastric juices and liver functions. It helps in abdominal distension and helps releasing wind from the intestines. Thus, it also reduces abdominal pain and cramps that occur due to excess gas in the alimentary canal.  Traditional Hindu Families also use it for increasing learning abilities and improving memory.

Skin Diseases

The application of Oud oil mixed with coconut oil improves skin glow and reduces itching. It is also helpful in other skin diseases. In skin diseases, it works well in cases of burning sensation due to any underlying pathology.

Bad breath and mouth odor (halitosis)

Generally, Agar is used for reducing bad breath and mouth odor. Bad breath results from oral diseases and gum diseases in about 80% cases. In all these cases, agar resin works marvelously. It may not work if this problem is associated with gastric issue such as chronic gastritis, acidity, heartburn etc.

Dosage

The dosage of agar wood resin (agar) is 125 mg to 1500 mg. The maximum dosage of agar should not exceed from 3 grams a day.

The internal dosage of pure agar (oud) oil is 1 to 5 drops. The maximum dosage of oud oil should not exceed from 10 drops a day.


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1 Comment
  1. D Prasad says

    Can someone give me a feasibility study report on agar wood?

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