Unani Arq (Distillate)

Arq Makoh (Kakamachi Arq)

Arq Makoh (also known as Kakamachi Arq) is a Unani Medicine prepared with distillation method from Solanum Nigrum plant. It is used for the diseases of abdominal organs including stomach, intestine, liver, and spleen. It has hepatoprotective action. Generally, it is given in combination with Arq Kasni in liver disorders for reducing hepatic inflammation and jaundice.

Ingredients (Composition)

Arq Makoh is prepared from seeds of black nightshade plant (Solanum Nigrum) using distillation method.

Makoh/Mako Dana- black nightshade plant (Solanum Nigrum) dried fruits500 grams
Water10 liters


  • Take 10 liters water and soak 500 grams Solanum Nigrum dried fruits in it at least for 24 hours.
  • Then, distil 4 liters Makoh Arq (aqua/distillate) using distillation equipment.

Medicinal Properties

Makoh Arq has following medicinal properties:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Mild Anodyne (in low dosage)
  • Hepatic stimulant
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-hiccup
  • Cholagogue (promotes the discharge of bile)
  • Mild Purgative
  • Detoxifier
  • Mild antihypertensive
  • Mild Diuretic
  • Diaphoretic (induces perspiration)

Arq Makoh Indications

Arq Makoh is beneficial in following health conditions:

Main Indications

The main indications of Arq Makoh are:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice and Hepatitis
  • Hepatomegaly
  • All types of liver diseases
  • Splenomegaly
  • Piles – Non-bleeding hemorrhoids

Other Indications

Makoh Arq can be used as adjuvant supporting other medicines in following cases:

  • Edema due to heart or liver diseases
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) – Also Read: Ayurvedic Medicine for Reducing Raised Blood Pressure
  • Gout & Hyperuricemia (elevated uric acid level)
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Hiccup
  • Asthma
  • Productive cough
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Kidney diseases
  • Dysuria
  • Fever & Infections

Dosage & Administration

The general dosage of Arq Makoh is as follows.
Children10 to 25 ml Twice Daily
Adults20 to 50 ml Twice Daily
Maximum Possible Dosage100 ml Per Day (in divided doses)
Best Time to Take: 30 minutes before food or 2 hours after meal

Safety Profile

Arq Makoh is likely safe for most individuals when taken in recommended dosage. But it should not be used in excess amount because the fruits of Solanum Nigrum are likely to be toxic in nature and may cause some serious side effects with a high dosage.

Side Effects of Makoh Arq

There are no side effects observed with Arq Makoh when it is taken in normal dosage. Its high dosage can cause following side effects:

  • Loose stools or diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive Thirst
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dilation of Pupils
  • Headache
  • Vertigo (a reeling sensation)
  • Restlessness
  • Convulsions

Generally, these side effects reported with excess intake of Makoh (Kakamachi) fruits, but these are also possible for Arq Makoh if its intake is exceeded from the recommended dosage.

Pregnancy & Lactation

The safety profile of Arq Makoh is not well-established for pregnant women.

The fruits (especially unripe fruits) of Solanum Nigrum are likely to be toxic in nature. Therefore, pregnant women, lactating mothers and children under age of 5 years should avoid using Arq Makoh.


There are no absolute contraindications for Arq Mako.

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh is a qualified Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist with B.A.M.S. and M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants. He has a wealth of experience in using Ayurveda to treat patients, including the use of herbal medicine and personalized Ayurvedic diets. His passion for spreading accurate and scientific information about Ayurveda and Medicinal Plants led him to create Ayur Times, a trusted resource for those seeking reliable information on the topic. Through his dedicated work, Dr. Singh has helped thousands of patients find relief and improve their health with Ayurveda and Herbal Medicine.
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