Asava and Arishta – Ayurvedic Fermented Formulations

What are Asava and Arishta?

Asava and Arishta are ayurvedic preparations that contains self-generated alcohol content and herbal extracts soluble in both water as well as alcohol.

Difference between Asava and Arishta

The main difference between Asava and Arishta is involvement of the heat. Generally, Asava formulations are prepared without making decoctions and Arishta formulations are prepared making decoctions. However, it is not a universal principle and there are a few exceptions.

What is Asava?

Asava are ayurvedic medicines, which are prepared with natural fermentation process using herbs, water and sugar. Almost all Asava medicines do not include preparation of decoctions, but it has a very few exceptions.

What is Arishta?

Arishta are type of ayurvedic medicines, which are prepared with natural fermentation process using herbal decoctions, Dhataki (Woodfordia Fruticosa) flowers and sugar. Arishta means to have a long shelf life.

All these preparations (Asava Arishta) have longer shelf life and have no expiry. In Ayurveda, it is believed old Asava and Arishta are more beneficial.

List of Asava

  1. Ahiphenasava
  2. Amalakasava
  3. Angoorasava
  4. Aragwadhadyasava
  5. Arvindasava (Aravindasavam)
  6. Bhringrajasava (Bhringarajasavam)
  7. Bilvasava
  8. Chandanasava (Chandanasavam)
  9. Chavikasavam
  10. Chitrakasavam
  11. Dhatryasava
  12. Drakshasava
  13. Gomutrasava
  14. Guggulwasava
  15. Kalmeghasava – Kalmegh (Nilavembu) is a main ingredient)
  16. Kanakasava (Kanakasavam)
  17. Karpoorasava (Karpurasava)
  18. Kumaryasava (Kumari Asav) – Kumaryasavam
  19. Kushmandasava
  20. Lodhrasava (Lodhrasavam)
  21. Lohasava (Lohasavam)
  22. Madhukasava (Madhukasavam)
  23. Mrigamadasava
  24. Nalikerasavam (Nalikerasava)
  25. Nimbamritasavam (Nimbaamruthasavam)
  26. Nimbasava
  27. Palashpushpasava
  28. Panchakolasava (Panchakolasavam)
  29. Patolasava
  30. Patrangasava
  31. Pippalyasavam (Pippalyasava)
  32. Punarnavasavam (Punarnavasava)
  33. Pushkaramoolasava (Pushkaramulasava)
  34. Putikaranjasavam (Putikaranjasava)
  35. Rohitakasava
  36. Sarivadyasava (Saribadyasavam)
  37. Srikhandasavam (Srikhandasava) – Sreekhandasavam
  38. Sudarshanasavam
  39. Sukumarasavam
  40. Takrasava
  41. Ushirasava (Usheerasava)
  42. Varanasava
  43. Varanasava
  44. Vasakasava (Vasakasav or Vasasava)
  45. Veeratharadyasavam (Virataradyasava)
  46. Vidaryadyasavam (Vidaryadyasava)
  47. Vidangasava

List of Arishta

  1. Abhayarishta (Abhayarishtam)
  2. Amritarishta (Amrutharishtam)
  3. Aragwadharishtam (Aragvadharista)
  4. Arjunarishta
  5. Arvindasava (Aravindasavam)
  6. Ashokarishta (Asokarishtam)
  7. Ashwagandharishta (Aswagandharishtam)
  8. Ayaskriti
  9. Babularishta
  10. Balamritam
  11. Balarishtam (Balarishta)
  12. Dantyarishta (Dantyarishtam)
  13. Dashamoola Jeerakarishtam
  14. Dashmoolarishta (Dashmularishta or Dasamoolarishtam)
  15. Devadarvarishta (Devadarvarishtam)
  16. Dhanwanthararishtam
  17. Dhatryarishta
  18. Draksharishta
  19. Duralabharishta (Duralabharishtam)
  20. Eladyarishta
  21. Gulguluthikthakamarishta
  22. Jeerakarishtam (Jirakadyarishtam or Jeerakadyarishtam)
  23. Jeevabandhu Arishtam
  24. Kanakabinduarista
  25. Khadirarishta
  26. Kutajarishta
  27. Lakshmanarishtam
  28. Mahamanjisthadyarishta
  29. Mridweekarishtam
  30. Mrit Sanjeevani Sura (Mritasanjeevani Arishta)
  31. Mustakarishta (Mustharishtam)
  32. Nimbadyarista
  33. Parpatakarisha (Parppatakarishta) – Parthadyarishtam
  34. Parthadyarishta
  35. Patolarishta
  36. Punarnavarishta
  37. Raktshodhakarishta
  38. Rohitakarishta (Rohitakarishtam)
  39. Saraswatarishta (Saraswatharishtam)
  40. Sirisharishta
  41. Sudarshanarista
  42. Sukumarishta (Sukumararishttam)
  43. Takrarishta
  44. Varanadyarishta
  45. Vasarishtam (Vasarishta or Vasakadyarishtam)
  46. Vidangarishta

Dietary Restrictions

The following foods should not be taken with Asava Arishta Medicines:

  1. Stale foods
  2. Jaggery
  3. Oil
  4. Sour foods
  5. Hot spices
  6. Black Lentils (Urad bean/dal)
  7. Chickpeas
  8. Red lentil (Masoor Dal)
  9. Pickles
  10. Potato
  11. Meat
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