Atropa Belladonna (also called deadly nightshade) is medicinal plant used in ayurevdic and homeopathic medicines. Belladonna is a common name used in homeopathic materia medica. It is a powerful herbal medicine, which is sedative, antispasmodic, anodyne and mydriatic.
Atropine is an alkaloid derived from the belladonna, which is used in modern medicines for its sedative, mydriatic, anodyne and antispasmodic action.
Table of Contents
- 1 Botanical Description
- 2 Medicinal Parts
- 3 Phytochemistry (Active Constituents)
- 4 Medicinal Properties
- 5 Therapeutic Indications
- 6 Benefits & Medicinal Uses
- 7 Dosage
- 8 Caution & Side Effects
|Scientific Name||Atropa Bella-donna|
|Hindi Name||SAG-ANGUR, ANGURSHEFA, SUCHI BUTI|
|English Name||DEADLY NIGHTSHADE, BELLADONNA|
|Other Names||YEBRUJ, GIRBUTI|
Botanical Classification (Taxonomy)
|Infra Kingdom||STREPTOPHYTA (land plants)|
|Division||TRACHEOPHYTA (TRACHEOPHYTES or Vascular Plants)|
|Sub Division||SPERMATOPHYTINA (SPERMATOPHYTES or Seed Plants)|
|Species||Atropa Bella-donna (Belladonna)|
- Fresh leaves
Atropine Alkaloid is extracted from leaves and roots. Fresh leaves and plant branches are used for preparation of belladonna extract.
Derivatives & Formulations
- Belladonna extract
- Belladonna Tincture
- Belladonna Ark
- Belladonna Satva
Phytochemistry (Active Constituents)
Two main alkaloids are found in belladonna.
Indian belladonna contains more Atropine and Hyoscyamine as compared to European varieties.
Atropa Belladonna (deadly nightshade) has following healing properties.
- Pain reliever or anodyne
- Muscle relaxant
- Mydriatic (dilate pupil)
Therapeutic Indications of Atropa Belladonna (deadly nightshade) are as follows.
Brain & Nerves
Chest, Lungs & Airways
- Chest pain
- Inter-costal neuralgia
- Whooping cough
- Persistent cough
Joint & Muscles
- Pain disorders
- Muscle spasm
- Pain due to gall bladder stone
- Abdominal pain
- Anal fissure
Ear, Nose & Throat
Skin & hair
- Dysmenorrhea (painful periods)
- Diabetes Insipidus
- Excessive sweating
Benefits & Medicinal Uses
Atropa Belladonna helps in almost all respiratory diseases including asthma, whooping cough, persistent cough etc. In homeopathic medicines, it is also used as painkiller. It reduces stiffness and alleviates nerve pain.
Atropa Belladonna alleviates nerve, reduces congestion and relieves stiffness. It is effective remedy for following types of headaches.
- Headache with pulsating pain
- Excruciating headaches
- Dull headache with feeling of stiffness of forehead and nasal congestion
- Throbbing congestive headache
- Headache due to nerve irritation
- Feeling of Heaviness head
- Drowsiness linked with headache
Atropa Belladonna dilates respiratory tracts and eases breathing process. It helps in asthma by reducing chest congestion and wheezing.
Whooping cough & persistent cough
Atropa Belladonna is beneficial in cough that occurs due to laryngeal irritation. However, it may not alone beneficial in spasmodic cough. Other remedies also require curing this type of cough. Nevertheless, it is beneficial in cough associated with congestion and throat irritation. It shortens the duration of whooping cough attacks and reduces severity of cough. It is more beneficial when irritation of nerves or tubular musculature is associated with cough.
The most common cause of persistent hiccup is continuous irritation of vague nerve. However, some food triggers also irritate the diaphragm and cause its involuntary contractions. Atropa belladonna soothes the diaphragm and reduces nerve irritation. Thus, it becomes effective in persistent hiccup.
Atropa Belladonna has anti-inflammatory and analgesic property due to which it is effective in all types of pain disorders. It also acts on nerves and reduces their irritation and sensitivity to pain. Its oral intake and local application in form of ointment are beneficial for alleviating pain. It is effective in following pain disorders.
- Rheumatic pain
- Leg pain
- Sciatic nerve pain
Muscle pain and fibromyalgia
Belladonna has muscle relaxant property. It reduces spasm of the involuntary muscles. It relieves spasmodic pain and benefits in muscle cramps.
The dosage of Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade) depends on the parts and derivatives used in the different systems of medicines. Here are some examples of belladonna dosage for your references.
|Leaves Powder||50 to 100 mg|
|Root Powder||25 to 100 mg|
|Leaves Juice||1 to 4 drops|
|Belladonna Extract (traditional water extract)||5 to 10 mg|
|Belladonna Tincture||1 to 3 drops|
The dosage of belladonna given above is a single dosage. Herbalist can recommend twice or thrice a day according to your health problems and symptoms.
Caution & Side Effects
Atropa Belladonna (deadly nightshade) may be UNSAFE, TOXIC & INTOLERABLE. It contains some alkaloids, which has potential side effects. Unwise and wrong use of belladonna can lead to following side effects.
- Dilated pupils of the eyes
- Blurred vision
- Increases heartbeat
- Dryness in the mouth and throat
- Red or Inflamed skin
- Dryness of the skin
- Decreased urination
- Decreased sweating
Pregnancy & breastfeeding
Atropa Belladonna may be UNSAFE and TOXIC in pregnancy and breastfeeding. It can cause serious side effects in pregnancy and may result in reduction of breast milk in breastfeeding.
Atropa Belladonna (deadly nightshade) should not be used in following health conditions.
- Congestive heart failure
- Stomach ulcers
- Hiatus hernia
- Ulcerative colitis
- Down syndrome
- Narrow angle glaucoma
- Urinary retention