Ayurvedic treatment is based on the principles of the Ayurvedic system of medicine that originated in India. The treatment is aimed at helping the patient attain and maintain his or her mental, physical and spiritual health.
Principles of Ayurvedic Medicine
Ayurvedic medicines are prescribed keeping in mind the individuality of a person. According to Ayurveda, each person is viewed as a unique individual who is made up of 5 basic elements derived from the nature, which are air, space, water, fire, and earth.
Three Doshas in Ayurveda
Ayurvedic system of medicine believes that the 5 basic elements combine to form the three Doshas or bio-energies: vata, pitta and kapha, which form the base for the treatment of a patient. The functioning of the nature’s creations including the human beings, plants and animals can be understood as the interactions of these 3 basic Doshas or energy complexes. The three energies signify the mobile or dynamic, energetic, intelligent, structural, non-material, transformative, and physical aspects of nature.
Firstly, the air and space combine to form what is called the Vata dosha. It is considered the most influential dosha because it is the moving force behind kapha and pitta. It controls the principle of movement and is seen as a force, which directs the functions including circulation, nerve impulses, respiration and elimination.
The other 2 elements – Fire and water – combine to form the Pitta dosha, which guides the process of metabolism or transformation.
Finally, it is the earth and water elements that combine to form the Kapha dosha. It governs the immunity and the processes of self-repair and healing.