Panchakarma is a form of Ayurvedic treatment, which involves procedures such as VAMANA, VASTI, VIRECHANA, RAKTAMOKSHANA, and NASYA. The term, Panchakarma, is derived from a Sanskrit word, which means Five Procedures of Detoxification or Purification.
The procedures of Panchakarma
In this method, the powdered herbs or a decoction of emetic drugs is consumed orally along with a large quantity of a liquid, which allows the toxins and impurities to be expelled from the body by inducing vomiting.
In this procedure, purgation is induced by the oral administration of certain purgative drugs. Before Virechana and Vamana, SNEHA PANA should be done as a preoperative procedure followed by ABHYANGAM and SWEDANAM.
Vasti therapy involves the administration of medications in the form of liquids as an enema. Vasti is of two kinds:
- NIRUHA (Decoction enema)
- ANUVASANA (Oil enema)
ANUVASANA VASTI is administered after the intake of food. It is administrated along with the medicated oils or ghee with the help of specially designed equipment, VASTI YANTRA.
NIROOHA VASTI is given after ANUVASANA VASTI. The mode of administration of NIROOHA VASTI is the same as that of ANUVASANA VASTI. The indications for ANUVASANA VASTI include the Vata predominant disorders like flatulence, constipation, arthritis, and urinary stone.
This method of Panchakarma is employed to correct the DOSHAS from the parts of the body above the clavicle. It involves instilling medicaments in the form of juices, oils, or powders.
It is a para-surgical procedure in which JALOUKA (leeches) is used for venipuncture to ensure removal of the impure blood.