Ayurvedic Measurements

Ayurvedic classical texts have described weights and measures in ancient system. Many people are now not known with them. For your reference, we are sharing information about ayurvedic metrics and their modern metric equivalents.

Weight & Measures

Ayurvedic Metric Units (Classical Units) Modern Metric Equivalent
1 PARAMANU 0.0016 mg
1 DHAVANSHI (VANSI & TRASRENU) 0.05 mg
1 MARICHI 0.32 mg
1 LAL SARSHAP 1.95 mg
1 TUNDAL 15.62 mg
1 DHANYAMASH 31.25 mg
1 YAVA 62.5 mg
1 RATTI 125 mg
1 ANDIKA 250 mg
1 MASHAK (MASA) 1 gram
1 SHAAN 3 grams
1 KOL 6 grams
1 TOLA 12 grams
1 KARSHA  (1 KARSA) 12 grams
1 SHUKTI 24 grams
1 PAL (1 PALAM) 48 grams
1 CHHATANK 60 grams
1 PRASRTIS (1 PRASRTI) 96 grams
1 CHHATAAK (CHHATAK) 186 grams
1 KUDAV (1 KUDAVAS) 192 grams
1 MANIKA (MAANIKA) 384 grams
1 PRASTHA (PRASTH) 768 grams
1 SER (SERA or SEER) 960 grams
1 ADHAKA (AADAK) 3 Kg 73 grams
1 TULA 4 Kg 800 grams
1 DRONA (DRON) 12 Kg 228 grams
1 SURPA (SHOORP) 24 Kg 576 grams
1 DRONI 49 Kg 152 grams
1 BHARA 96 Kg
1 KHARI 196 Kg 608 grams

Accepted measurements are given according to CHARAKA SAMHITA based on TOLA equivalent to 12 grams. There are slight differences in SARNGADHARA SAMHITA and other classical texts.

Measurement of Time in Ayurveda

Ayurvedic Metric Units (Classical Units) Modern Metric Equivalent
1 KSANA 0.38 seconds
1 LAVA 0.77 seconds
1 NIMESHA 1.55 seconds
1 KASTHA 4.66 seconds
1 KALA 2 minutes 20 seconds
1 GHATI 24 minutes
1 MUHURTA 48 minutes
1 AHORATRA 24 hours
1 PAKSA 15 days
1 MASA 30 days (1 month)
1 RITU 60 days (2 months)
1 AYANA 6 months
1 SAMVATSARA 12 months (1 year)
1 YUGA 5 years

Linear Measurement

Ayurvedic Metric Units (Classical Units) Modern Metric Equivalent
1 YAVODARA 2.4 millimeter
1 ANGULA 1.95 cm
1 BITAHASTI 22.86 cm
1 ARATNI 41.91 cm
1 HASTA 45.72 cm
1 RAJAHASTA (NRIPAHASTA) 55.88 cm
1 VYAMA 182.88 cm

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1 Comment
  1. Dr Khushdil says

    Really did good job by explaining the measurements.

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