Bhasma are very fine ayurvedic medicinal powders prepared by the process of calcination of metals, minerals and natural stones or gem. The calcination is a process of heating metals, minerals, etc. on a high temperature to convert them into their oxides. Bhasma are manufactured with a series of preparation methods involving detoxification of raw materials, grinding them with herbal juices, making small pieces, drying, and heating. The gradual process of preparation may continue for a week to 3 years. The end-product of these long term preparation methods are residues of metals and minerals. Bhasma are also called ashes or calcined preparations.

Process of Bhasma Formation

  • Selection of raw material
  • Identification of purity
  • Washing and cleaning
  • Grinding and making fine powders
  • Mixing with herbal juices or herbs
  • Again grinding with herbal juices for 10 to 100 hours
  • Making paste, then making small pieces
  • Keeping the small pieces to dry up
  • When small pieces are dehydrated, then putting them in earthen pots
  • The materials are then heated up under high temperature to make bhasma.
  • Again, step no. 5 to 10 are repeated until the metal or mineral gains the properties of bhasma.

Uses of Bhasma

There are different kinds of bhasma prepared and used in ayurveda. Each has its specific indications, properties and healing characteristics. Generally, most of them are used in the treatment of chronic diseases such as osteoarthritis, infertility, erectile dysfunction, chronic gastritis, ulcer, ulcerative colitis, inflammatory diseases, psoriasis, eczema, depression, bipolar disorder, cancer, tuberculosis, hormonal problems etc.

Price of bhasma

Due to the extensive labor used in the bhasma making, they are generally expensive ayurvedic medicines. The cost depends on the numbers of puta (heating process) and cost of raw material. For example, gold is used to make swarna bhasma, so it is very costly and godanti bhasma is chief because the number of puta are less as compared 1000 puta abhrak bhasma.

List of Bhasma

A complete list of bhasma used in Ayurveda is given underneath:

  1. Abhrak bhasma
  2. Akik bhasma
  3. Aviltoladi Bhasma Ganji
  4. Godanti bhasma
  5. Gomed Mani (Stone) Bhasma & Pishti
  6. Hajrul Yahood Bhasma (Sange yahood Bhasma)
  7. Heerak Bhasma – Heera or Vajra Bhasma
  8. Kansya Bhasma (Kansa Bhasma or Bell Metal Bhasma)
  9. Kanta loha bhasma
  10. Kasis Bhasma
  11. Kasis Godanti Bhasma
  12. Kukkutanda twak bhasma (Processed Eggshell Calcium)
  13. Loha Bhasma
  14. Mandur Bhasma
  15. Mukta Bhasma
  16. Muktasukti Bhasma & Mukta Shukti Pishti
  17. Panaviraladi Bhasma
  18. Chandi Bhasma (Rajat Bhasma)
  19. Shankh Bhasma (Shankha Bhasm)
  20. Shringa Bhasma (Shrung Bhasma)
  21. Swarna Bhasma
  22. Tamra Bhasma
  23. Yashad bhasma or Jasad Bhasma
  24. Jahar mohra Bhasma
  25. Trivanga (tribang) Bhasma
  26. Naga Bhasma
  27. Neel mani (neelam) Bhasma
  28. Neelanjana Bhasma
  29. Parwal Bhasma
  30. Parad Bhasma
  31. Piroja Bhasma
  32. Peetal Bhasma
  33. Pukhraj Bhasma
  34. Madhu mandur Bhasma
  35. Mandoor Mashik Bhasma
  36. Mala Bhasma
  37. Manikya Bhasma
  38. Rajavart Bhasma
  39. Bang (Vanga) Bhasma
  40. Vart Loha Bhasma
  41. Varatika Bhasma
  42. Vaikranta Bhasma
  43. Vaidoor Bhasma
  44. Shambuk Bhasma
  45. Sphatika Bhasma (Shubhra Bhasma)
  46. Sangeyasab Bhasma
  47. Swarna Makshik Bhasma
  48. Swastik Mani Bhasma
  49. Hartal Bhasma
  50. Harital Godanti Bhasma

There are other types of bhasma used in Ayurveda. The above list is an example of bhasma used for the treatment of the various diseases.


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