Bhringraj (Eclipta Prostrata)
Evidence-Based Scientific Review on Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba)
Bhringraj (Eclipta Prostrata or Eclipta Alba) is a famous herb known for its benefits and usage in hair growth and liver disorders. It is also an effective medicine for skin diseases, cough, asthma, eye disorders and diseases related to any part of the head. It improves hair growth, prevents hair fall and treats premature graying of hair. It improves complexion and glow of the skin and prevents several skin diseases. It is more beneficial in chronic skin diseases including pruritus (intense itching), chronic wounds, skin ulcers, atopic dermatitis (eczema) etc. It increases the production of bile from the liver, improves liver functions, reduces constipation and corrects digestion and enhances metabolism.
Table of Contents
- 1 General Information
- 2 Medicinal Parts
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Ayurvedic Properties of Bhringraj
- 5 Medicinal Properties
- 6 Therapeutic Indications
- 7 Bhringraj Benefits & Medicinal Uses
- 7.1 Liver Health
- 7.2 Liver Fibrosis
- 7.3 Hepatitis C
- 7.4 Jaundice
- 7.5 Hair Loss
- 7.6 Premature Whitening of Hair
- 7.7 Chronic Fever
- 7.8 Productive Cough
- 7.9 Asthma
- 7.10 Diarrhea with mucus discharge
- 7.11 Heartburn & Hyperacidity
- 7.12 Headache & Migraine
- 7.13 Vertigo
- 7.14 Eyesight & Eye Disorders
- 7.15 Recurrent Miscarriage (Habitual Abortion)
- 7.16 Mercury Poisoning
- 7.17 Mouth Ulcers
- 8 Bhringraj Rasayana
- 9 Dosage & Administration
- 10 Safety Profile
- 11 Ayurvedic Formulations of Bhringraj
Bhringraj is also called False Daisy in English. The accepted botanical name of Bhringraj is Eclipta Prostrata. It is also known with the name of Eclipta Alba, which is a botanical synonym of Eclipta Prostrata.
|Botanical Name||Eclipta Prostrata|
|Botanical Synonym||Eclipta Alba, Verbesina Prostrata, Eclipta Erecta, Eclipta Punctata, Verbesina Alba|
|Common Name (English)||False Daisy|
|Other Names||Eclipta, Yerba De Tago (Yerba De Tajo)|
|Sanskrit Names||Kehraj, Bhringraja, Bhangra|
|Plant Family||Asteraceae (sunflowers, tournesols)|
The whole plant (Panchang) of Bhringraj is used to prepare ayurvedic and herbal medicines.
Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba) is claimed for containing Ecliptine and Nicotine. However, Nicotine was not found in a trial conducted for the detection of Nicotine in Eclipta Alba leaves. Instead, Wedelic Acid and 7-O-Glucoside were found in the same study. (1)
The following chemical constituents are also found in Bhringraj:
- Wedelolactone, Luteolin, Apigenin (2)
- Triterpenoids – Eclalbatin, alpha-amyrin, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid (3)
- Flavonoids – apigenin and luteolin (4)
- Wedelolactone (4)
- Echinocystic acid glycosides (5)
- Daucosterol (6)
Ayurvedic Properties of Bhringraj
|RASA (Taste)||KATU (Pungent), TIKTA (Bitter)|
|GUNA (Main Quality)||RUKSHA (Dry), LAGHU (Light)|
|VIRYA (Potency)||USHNA (Hot)|
|VIPAKA (Resultant)||KATU (Pungent)|
|Main Actions||KESYA (promotes hair growth), VARNYA (improves skin complexion), DRISHTI VARDHAK (increases eyesight), Hepatic stimulant|
|DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humor)||Mainly reduces KAPHA DOSHA and pacifies VATA DOSHA|
|Organs Effect||Hair, Skin, Teeth, Eyes, Liver|
Bhringraj (Eclipta Prostrata) has following healing properties:
- KESYA (promotes hair growth)
- VARNYA (improves skin complexion)
- DRISHTI VARDHAK (increases eyesight)
- Hepatic stimulant
- Digestive stimulant
- Cholagogue (promotes the discharge of bile)
- Detoxifying (Ama Pachak)
- Mild anodyne
- Mild Antihypertensive
- Hematogenic (helps in formation of red blood cells)
- Mild diuretic
- Diaphoretic (induces perspiration)
- Mild febrifuge (alleviates fever by inducing perspiration)
Bhringraj (Eclipta Prostrata) is helpful in following health conditions.
- Hair fall
- Hair thinning
- Premature graying of hair
- Scalp itching
- Pruritus (intense itching)
- Chronic Wounds
- Non-healing skin ulcers
- Atopic dermatitis (especially weeping eczema)
- Skin blisters and eruptions with Kapha or Vata dominating symptoms
- Cysts and abscesses with secretion discharge
- Loss of appetite
- Hepatomegaly (Liver enlargement)
- Fatty liver disease (hepatic steatosis)
- Splenomegaly (spleen enlargement)
- Abdominal pain
- Intestinal worms (Bhringraj juice is given along with Castor Oil)
- Mild Hypertension
- Productive cough
Bhringraj Benefits & Medicinal Uses
The important health benefits and medicinal uses of Bhringraja are discussed below:
Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba) has remarkable effects on the liver. It acts as hepatoprotective and stimulates regeneration of hepatic cells. All pharmacological actions of this herb are due to its effects on the liver. It increases bile production, enhances digestion, stimulates breaking down and expulsion of toxins, and improves overall liver health. In liver diseases, it reduces inflammation, exerts antihepatotoxic effects, and improves liver enzymes. The flavonoid content (Wedelolactone) appears to be related to its hepatoprotective action. (7, 8)
It also protects the liver against alcoholic toxicity and its hepatoprotective effects are greater than Milk Thistle. It significantly reduces elevated liver enzymes. It reduces the level of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). (9, 10)
Bhringraj also has anti-fibrotic effects, which can help to prevent and treat hepatic fibrosis. It reduces proliferation of hepatic stellate cells. This effect might be due to its triterpenoids (echinocystic acid) content. Therefore, this herb can also help in reduction of liver fibrosis and arresting its progress. (11)
The water extract of Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba) appears to be having anti-HCV activity. Its active constituents Wedelolactone and Luteolin exert synergetic effects to inhibit RdRp activity of HCV replicase. (12)
Bhringraj can be included in the treatment of Hepatitis C. It will also help to improve liver functions as well as reduce the progress of the disease. In Ayurveda, it can be used in conjunction with Nagarmotha (Nut Grass) for getting good results. The similar combination is also effective in the management of Hepatitis B.
The inflammation of the liver can impair its ability to conjugate and secrete bilirubin, which can result in jaundice due to an excess of bilirubin in the blood. This condition is also called as hyperbilirubinemia.
In Ayurveda, Bhringraja Svarasa (Eclipta Juice) of the whole plant is used along with other ingredients to treat jaundice (icterus) as follows:
|Bhringraj Svarasa (Eclipta Juice)||10 ml|
|Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)||1 gram|
|Mishri (Sugar)||3 grams|
This mixture is given 3 times a day for 3 to 5 days to reduce bilirubin level in the body and to treat jaundice. Curd and rice based diet is also recommended during the treatment.
The good liver health can help to reduce the hair fall by processing hormones and fats, removing toxins, and improving hormone level in the body. These factors are common causes of hair fall. Therefore, Bhringraj is also an effective medicine for prevention and treatment of hair fall. However, its external application also helps to prevent hair fall by strengthening hair roots.
In Ayurveda, Bhringraj Svarasa (Eclipta Juice) is recommended as an external applicant and internally, its powder is used in dosage of 1 to 3 grams twice daily. The oil preparations are also formulated using Bhringraj Juice, which are effective in hair fall, scalp itching and premature whitening of hair. These formulations are:
Premature Whitening of Hair
Triphala Churna is soaked in Bhringraj Juice and left for drying. Later on, it is grounded to prepare a fine powder. It is called Bhringraj Siddha Triphala Churna. This powder is advised to take in the morning on empty stomach for treating premature whitening of hair. It shows good results within a month of its regular use.
Bhringraj is used along with other ayurvedic medicines for treating chronic fever in which liver function impairs, or liver and spleen become enlarged. It is used when the patient is also suffering from poor digestion, loss of appetite, and aggravation of Kapha Dosha in the body. In such cases, 3 to 5 ml Bhringraj Juice is given with milk twice daily and the treatment is recommended for 2 to 3 weeks.
Bhringraj juice along with honey is used for its expectorant action. It increases expectoration of the sputum and clears the lungs. It also further prevents mucus accumulation in the lungs and gives relief from productive cough. For the best results, it can be used along with Sitopaladi Churna.
If the patient has asthma along with a productive cough, it can be given as discussed above. (under ‘Productive Cough’ heading)
In children, Bhringraj juice with equal amount of honey is given 3 to 4 times a day or until child gets relief from breathing difficulties. It helps in relieving cough, high-pitched wheezing, and chest congestion.
Diarrhea with mucus discharge
According to ayurveda, mucus discharge in the stool indicates poor digestion and build-up of AMA (toxins) in the digestive system. It is a common symptom in diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bacterial infections, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
Bhringraj is indicated when a patient has diarrhea and mucus discharge along with poor digestion, IBS, or bacterial infection. In these cases, it helps to improve digestion, reduces AMA (toxins), and due to its antibacterial effects, it also treats the infection.
Note: In cases of IBD, or ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease, Eclipta might not be a suitable medicine. Especially, it should be avoided if excess bleeding occurs in these cases.
Heartburn & Hyperacidity
Bhringraj also acts on SAMA PITTA. It detoxifies Pitta Dosha and gives relief from SAMA PITTA symptoms that include heartburn, nausea, and vomiting with a sour taste in the mouth or sour belching. The condition is called AMALPITTA in ayurveda. It has three types:
- Vata dominating AMALPITTA
- Kapha dominating AMALPITTA
- Vata-Kapha dominating AMALPITTA
Bhringraj can be given in all types of AMALPITTA. However, it is more effective when the patient has Kapha dominating AMALPITTA or has following symptoms:
- Bitter or sour belching
- Burning sensation in the throat, abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Excessive salivation
In such case, Bhringraj powder should be used along with old jaggery and Haritaki (Terminalia Chebula) powder. This combination is highly effective when the patient has nausea, vomiting, and burning sensation.
Headache & Migraine
Internal use: In headache and migraine, Bhringraj Juice is given in a dosage of 3 to 5 ml thrice daily.
External use: It is also used as nasal instillation (Nasya) for treating migraine. For this purpose, Bhringraj Juice is mixed with an equal amount of goat’s milk. 2 to 3 drops of this mixture is instilled in each nostril before sunrise. It is highly effective if the patient has a headache that increases with sunrise and decreases after sunset. The condition is called SURYAVRAT in Ayurveda.
Bhringraj juice in a dosage of 5 ml along with 3 grams Sharkara (brown sugar) is given to treat vertigo. This remedy helps in vestibular rehabilitation by strengthening the vestibular system. It is also effective in vertigo having following causes:
- Vata dominating AMALPITTA
- Vestibular neuritis and labyrinthitis (Inflammation of the inner ear)
- Meniere’s disease
- Basilar artery Migraine
Eyesight & Eye Disorders
Bhringraj is used in form of powder for improving eyesight and treating several eye disorders.
|Bhringraj Leaf Powder||3 grams|
|Cow’s Ghee||5 grams|
The above formulation is given twice daily for 40 days to improve eyesight and to treat eye diseases.
Recurrent Miscarriage (Habitual Abortion)
Bhringraj prevents pregnancy loss. Women suffering from a recurrent miscarriage can take Bhringraja Juice in a dosage of 3 ml on empty stomach in the morning along with Cow’s Milk. Traditionally, this remedy is used to prevent miscarriage and strengthen the uterus.
In such cases, it should be started before re-planning of pregnancy and should be continued throughout the pregnancy.
For getting best results, it can also be taken along with Ashwagandha, which is also used for similar purpose.
Bhringraj Juice is used to reduce the accumulation of mercury in the body. It promotes its excretion from the body.
Chewing fresh leaves of Bhringraj helps to treat mouth ulcers.
|Bhringraj Powder||1 gram|
|Cow’s Ghee||1 gram|
|Sharkara (Brown Sugar)||1 gram|
The use of Bhringraj for increasing physical and mental strength, improving intelligence and memory, reducing debility, improving lifespan and enhancing immunity is called Bhringraaj Rasayana. For this purpose, the above combination is used for a year. It should be taken every day on empty stomach in the morning.
Bhringraja Svarasa (Eclipta Juice) is also used for Rasayana (rejuvenating) purpose. 3 to 10 ml or more as per digestive capacity should be taken on empty stomach and should be continued for a month. In diet, only milk is allowed. This method increases lifespan and gives a healthy life.
Dosage & Administration
Bhringraj is used in form of 1. Powder, 2. Fresh Juice (Svarasa), and 3. Aqueous Extract.
Bhringraj Powder Dosage
|Children||250 to 1000 mg|
|Adults||1 to 3 grams|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||9 grams per day (in divided doses)|
How to Take Bhringraj Powder
|Doses (how many times should I take Bhringraaj Churna?)||2 to 3 times a day|
|Right Time (When should I take?)||Before meal|
|Adjuvant||With lukewarm water, Cow’s Ghee, Honey or Brown Sugar; Honey (in respiratory diseases), Milk (in chronic fever), Mishri – Sugar (in liver disease and jaundice), Old Jaggery and Haritaki (in heartburn, hyperacidity)|
Bhringraj Juice Dosage
|Children||1 to 3 ml|
|Adults||3 to 10 ml|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||30 ml per day (in divided doses)|
How to Take Bhringraaj Juice
|Doses (how many times should I take Bhringraj Svarasa?)||2 to 3 times a day|
|Right Time (When should I take?)||Before meal|
|Adjuvant||Honey (in respiratory diseases), Milk (in chronic fever), Mishri – Sugar (in liver disease and jaundice), Old Jaggery and Haritaki (in heartburn, hyperacidity)|
Bhringraj Extract Dosage
|Children||125 to 250 mg|
|Adults||250 to 500 mg|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||1500 mg per day (in divided doses)|
How to Take Bhringraj Extract
|Doses (how many times should I take?)||2 to 3 times a day|
|Right Time (When should I take?)||Before meal|
|Adjuvant||With lukewarm water|
You might also get Bhringraj Capsule or tablets. If they contain a natural form of the herb i.e. powder, then the dosage should be calculated based on the dosage given under “Bhringraaj Powder Dosage” heading above. If capsules or tablets contain extract, then its dosage should be calculated according to “Bhringraja Extract Dosage”.
Bhringraj in its natural form (i.e. powder, or juice) is Likely Safe for most individuals when taken as per its indications in appropriate dosage under the professional supervision. The maximum dosage should not exceed 9 grams per day for powder, 30 ml per day for juice, and 1500 mg per day for extract, extract capsule or tablets.
Side Effects of Bhringraj
Generally, no side effect occurs with Bhringraj when it is used wisely according to underlying Dosha and health conditions.
There are no absolute contraindications for Bhringraaj.
Pregnancy & Lactation
The safety profile of Bhringraj is not well established for pregnant women and lactating mothers. Consult an ayurvedic physician or herbalist before using Bhringraja during pregnancy and lactation.