Charak Samhita (चरक संहिता) is an ancient and authentic ayurvedic text written by Maharishi Agnivesha, which is later revised by Maharishi Charak and edited by Acharya Dridhabala. This system of Ayurveda was taught by Maharishi Atreya.
Charaka Samhita was initially known as Agnivesha Tantra. After edition by Charak, its name was changed to Charak Samhita. So, the original author of Charak Samhita was Agnivesha.
|Updeshta (Preacher) – उपदेष्टा||Maharishi Atreya|
|Tantra Karta (Codifier) – Original Author||Agnivesha (अग्निवेश)|
|Edited by & Re-writer of 1/3rd part||Dridhabala|
One-third part of currently available Charak Samhita was re-written by Acharya Dridhabala. However, present Charaka Samhita still missing approximately 1/3rd part.
|Total Sutra in Original Charak Samhita||12000|
|Available Sutra in Available Charak Samhita||9498|
So, the huge part about 2502 Sutra is still missing even after edition by Acharya Dridhabala. Still, Charak Samhita is one of three major primary classical texts on which all principles of ayurveda stand.
Chapters Written by Dridhabala
- Chikitsa Sthana: 17 Chapters.
- Kalpa Sthana: 12 Chapters (all).
- Siddhi Sthana: 12 Chapters (all).
Acharya Dridhabala had written 17 chapters in Chikitsa Sthana and all chapters in Kalpa Sthana and Siddhi Sthana.
8 Parts of Charaka Samhita
Charak Samhita is divided into 8 major parts.
|Sutra Sthana||Principles of Ayurveda|
|Nidana Sthana||Ayurvedic Pathology|
|Vimana Sthana||Ayurvedic Determination|
|Sharira Sthana||Embryology and Anatomy|
|Chikitsa Sthana||Ayurvedic Therapeutics|
|Kalpa Sthana||Pharmaceutics and Toxicology|
|Siddhi Sthana||Panchakarma (Detoxification) & Outcomes|
Chapters in Charak Samhita
|Sutra Sthana||30 Chapters|
|Nidana Sthana||8 Chapters|
|Vimana Sthana||8 Chapters|
|Sharira Sthana||8 Chapters|
|Indriya Sthana||12 Chapters|
|Chikitsa Sthana||30 Chapters|
|Kalpa Sthana||12 Chapters|
|Siddhi Sthana||12 Chapters|
Total chapters in Charak Samhita are 120 chapters.