Ayurvedic Principles

Charak Samhita

Charak Samhita (चरक संहिता) is an ancient and authentic ayurvedic text written by Maharishi Agnivesha, which is later revised by Maharishi Charak and edited by Acharya Dridhabala. This system of Ayurveda was taught by Maharishi Atreya.

Charaka Samhita Author

Charaka Samhita was initially known as Agnivesha Tantra. After edition by Charak, its name was changed to Charak Samhita. So, the original author of Charak Samhita was Agnivesha.

Updeshta (Preacher) – उपदेष्टा Maharishi Atreya
Tantra Karta (Codifier) – Original Author Agnivesha (अग्निवेश)
Revised by Charak
Edited by & Re-writer of 1/3rd part Dridhabala

One-third part of currently available Charak Samhita was re-written by Acharya Dridhabala. However, present Charaka Samhita still missing approximately 1/3rd part.

Total Sutra in Original Charak Samhita 12000
Available Sutra in Available Charak Samhita 9498
Available Formulations 1949

So, the huge part about 2502 Sutra is still missing even after edition by Acharya Dridhabala. Still, Charak Samhita is one of three major primary classical texts on which all principles of ayurveda stand.

Chapters Written by Dridhabala

  1. Chikitsa Sthana: 17 Chapters.
  2. Kalpa Sthana: 12 Chapters (all).
  3. Siddhi Sthana: 12 Chapters (all).

Acharya Dridhabala had written 17 chapters in Chikitsa Sthana and all chapters in Kalpa Sthana and Siddhi Sthana.

8 Parts of Charaka Samhita

Charak Samhita is divided into 8 major parts.

Sutra Sthana Principles of Ayurveda
Nidana Sthana Ayurvedic Pathology
Vimana Sthana Ayurvedic Determination
Sharira Sthana Embryology and Anatomy
Indriya Sthana Prognosis
Chikitsa Sthana Ayurvedic Therapeutics
Kalpa Sthana Pharmaceutics and Toxicology
Siddhi Sthana Panchakarma (Detoxification) & Outcomes

Chapters in Charak Samhita

Sutra Sthana 30 Chapters
Nidana Sthana 8 Chapters
Vimana Sthana 8 Chapters
Sharira Sthana 8 Chapters
Indriya Sthana 12 Chapters
Chikitsa Sthana 30 Chapters
Kalpa Sthana 12 Chapters
Siddhi Sthana 12 Chapters

Total chapters in Charak Samhita are 120 chapters.

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants) is an Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). Ayur Times is an initiative of his efforts to bring quality information on Indian Medicine with the highest level of relevancy and scientific evidence.

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