Chironji or Charoli

Chironji or charoli is slightly sweet and acidic in taste and have almond like flavor. Chironji is used in Indian culture due to its health benefits. Seeds or nuts, kernels, fruits, root, oil and gum all parts of chironji (charoli) plant are used in traditional medicines.

Chironji is beneficial in Urticaria, skin rashes, heart muscle weakness, infertility, impotency, oligospermia, headache, excessive thirst, constipation, cough, urinary troubles and chronic fever. It is also used in debility after chronic disease.

About Chironji or charoli

Chironji (also called Buchanania lanzan) share family with cashew nuts, but its taste is like almonds. Its size and shape is similar to soybean. Chironji plant is deciduous tree that can grow up to 15 meter tall.

Chironji seeds are edible nuts present the chironji fruits. Each chironji fruit contains only one chironji seed. It is a substitute of almonds. Chironji oil is used as substitute of almond oil. However, we do not recommend using chironji seeds or oil as an alternative to almonds. Chironji nutrition facts are not supporting the claims for it to being nutritious like almonds. Chironji seeds contain mucilage substance or fat more than 59%.

Chironji in Foods

You can eat chironji in raw form. Mostly it is roasted

Some people use it after roasting or frying in oil to enhance its flavor. Chironji seeds are also used in sweets, traditional sauces and as flavoring ingredients in various Indian recipes.

In traditional medicines, it is used due to its aphrodisiac properties in impotency in men. Generally, ayurvedic and unani physicians use it for many other medicinal purposes, which will be discussed below:

Habitat

India, Burma, Nepal are native place of chironji plants.

Synonyms

  • Chironji seeds
  • Charoli seeds
  • Charoli
  • Chirolo
  • Buchanania lanzan
  • Buchanania latifolia
  • Chironji sapida
  • Chironji Tree
  • Charooli
  • Cheronjee
  • Chiraunji
  • Piyal
  • Prasavak
  • Priyal

Buchanania lanzan and Buchanania latifolia are different variety of Chironji tree.

Botanical Classification

KingdomPLANTAE
DivisionSpermatophyta
Sub-DivisionMagnoliophytina/Angiosperms
ClassMagnoliatae
SubclassRosidae
OrderRutales
FamilyAnacardiaceae
GenusBuchanania
SpeciesB. lanzan
Botanical NameBuchanania lanzan or Buchanania latifolia

Chironji has relation with cashew because both share same family Anacardiaceae.

Medicinal parts

  1. Seeds, nuts or kernels
  2. Gum
  3. Oil
  4. Leaves
  5. Roots

Medicinal Properties

Medicinal properties of each part of chironji are described as under:

Chironji Seeds, Nuts & Kernels

  1. Sweet & Acrid
  2. Astringent
  3. Cooling in action
  4. Demulcent
  5. Depurative
  6. Nutritious (Seeds)
  7. Constipating (Chironji Seeds)

Chironji oil

  1. Aphrodisiac
  2. Anti-inflammatory
  3. Antiseptic
  4. Carminative
  5. Diuretic
  6. Expectorant
  7. Relaxant
  8. Strength booster

Chironji fruits

  1. Laxative (Fruits only)

Chironji gum

  1. Anti-diarrhea (Chironji gum)

Chemical constituents

Chironji Seeds

The following constituents are found in chironji seeds:

Albuminoids28%
Mucilage2.5%
Oil, Fiber & Ash3.5%

Chemical constituents of chironji Oil

  1. 8-cineole
  2. A-pinene
  3. B-pinene
  4. Camphene
  5. Myrcene
  6. Triglycerides (dipalmitoolein and triolein)
  7. Y-terpinene
  8. Sabinene

Ayurvedic Properties

Taste – RASASweet
Main Quality – GUNAUnctuousness, Heavy in digestion
Potency – VIRYACool
Resultant – VIPAKASweet
Impact (Body) – PRABHAVAStrengthening action
Impact (Mind)Calm the mind
Impact (Humors) – DOSHA KARMAPacifies VATA Dosha & PITA humor

Indications

Indications listed below are mostly for chironji seeds, but when we have described part of chironji tree in brackets, then it implies to that part only.

Neurological Diseases

  1. Nervine weakness

Lungs & Chest

  1. Cough (Chironji Fruits)
  2. Asthma (Chironji Fruits)
  3. Inter costal pain (Chironji gum)

Heart & Blood vessels

  1. Cardiac weakness
  2. Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction
  3. Anemia

Liver & Abdomen

  1. Acidity
  2. Ulcer
  3. Excessive thirst
  4. Irregular bowel movements
  5. Constipation (Fruits)
  6. Diarrhea (Chironji gum)

Kidney & Bladder

  1. Urinary troubles
  2. Burning sensation in urine

Skin & Hairs

  1. Urticaria or Skin rashes
  2. Dry Skin (local application of seed paste)

General

  1. Chronic fever
  2. Debility after chronic disease
  3. Headache

Men’s Health

  1. Male infertility
  2. Impotency
  3. Oligospermia

Chironji Benefits & Uses

Chironji seeds, kernals, fruit, roots, oil and gum are used for health benefits. Traditionally, these are used in herbal medicines.

Chironji seeds, kernels and nuts

Chironji seeds are generally medically used in decreased seminal secretions, Oligospermia and skin diseases. The detail of these benefits and uses is as under:

Beauty problems

Chironji seeds are used in home remedies for glowing skin, acne, blemishes and dark spots. You can apply seed’s paste on the skin to get rid of these problems.

Chironji seeds are also used in beauty products and facial masks. Some of them are:

Chironji Seed face pack 1

  1. Take chironji seeds, crush them and mix with milk to make paste.
  2. You can apply this facial pack for glowing skin.

You can also use this face pack for acne and blemishes.

Chironji Seed face pack 2

Chironji Seed powder5 grams
Turmeric Powder – Haldi Churna2 grams
Cow’s MilkFor making paste

Mix all ingredients and make a paste by adding cow’s milk. Apply on the skin and wash after 30 minutes. This face pack is beneficial for glowing skin, blemishes and painful acne.

Skin Diseases (Itching, eczema & burning sensation)

Chironji kernels are used in folklore medicines for making ointments for skin diseases. It reduces itching and burning sensation symptoms that occur due to various skin diseases.

Neuralgic headache & fainting

Chironji kernels are beneficial in neuralgic headache and fainting. Kernels are crushed and boiled in milk. The milk with kernels is advised to drink twice a day for patients suffering from neuralgic headache and fainting.

Atopic dermatitis or weeping eczema

The powder of chironji kernels and borax are used for weeping eczema. It cures this problem within 4 to 7 days.

  1. Take 100 grams chironji kernel powder and 15 grams borax.
  2. Mix both ingredients in rose water.

Apply it on affected part once a day.

Urticaria

Chewing 20 grams chironji kernels helps to cure Urticaria. The remedy may take one to 3 months for curing Urticaria.

Obesity

However, chironji contains 59 percent fat, but it is a vegetative healthy fat. Due to high fat content, you cannot take it more than 20 grams per day.

It is unctuousness and heavy in digestion, which can make you feel full abdomen for 6 to 12 hours. Due to this reason, it can be used to lose weight.

Excessive thirst

Taking chironji seeds with milk helps to quench excessive thirst.

Physical Fatigue

Chironji nuts help to reduce fatigue and increases physical stamina. Sportsmen can use chironji nuts for improving their performance.

Brain tonic

Chironji kernels have similar property as almonds have. Chironji acts as brain tonic and provides a positive energy to the mind.

Burning sensation, Acidity & Heartburn

Chironji has cooling effect in the body. It helps in burning sensation, acidity and heartburn.

Impotence & Oligospermia

Chironji is traditionally advised to taken with milk to increase count and male performance in cases of infertility and impotence.

Chironji gum

Intercostal pain or Intercostal Neuralgia

In ayurveda and Unani medicine, chironji gum is used for inter-costal neuralgia or chest wall pain. The pain occurs due to irritation or compression of intercostal nerves. Chironji gum soothes nerves and gives relief from pain.

The adjuvant used for inter-costal pain is goat’s milk.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Chironji gum is beneficial for rheumatic pain. Milk is used as adjuvant for chironji gum. It is a famous remedy in Andhra Pradesh, India. Traditionally, many people are using this remedy for getting relief from rheumatic pain.

Diarrhea

  1. Chironji gum is collected from the bark of chironji tree. It is used along with buttermilk for treating diarrhea.
  2. Dried leaves of chironji plant are helpful in diarrhea and loose stools.
  3. Chironji root powder with yogurt is beneficial for the diarrhea.

Chironji oil

The steam distillation method is used to extract the oil from chironji seeds. Chironji oil has many potent medicinal properties and it is used in following health conditions:

Inflamed tongue

Chironji oil is used in inflammation and swelling of tongue. It reduces pain, burning sensation and inflammation of soft tissues.

Prickly heat

Prickly heat occurs due to obstruction of the sweat glands or ducts during high humidity and heat. Chironji oil is used on skin to remove blockage and obstruction of sweat ducts. It can be used by mixing it with coconut oil.

Chironji oil for blemishes

You can use chironji oil to get rid of blemishes, itching, rashes and other skin related problems.

For blemishes, mix chironji oil with almond oil in equal quantity and apply on face before bedtime every day.

Depression and Stress

Chironji oil10 drops
Lavender oil5 drops
Olive oil or Coconut oil10 ml

Olive oil or coconut oil are used as base of chironji oil. Mix all ingredients listed above in table and do a gentle head massage. Massage with chironji oil helps in reducing stress and calms the mind.

Rheumatic pain (massage oil)

Chironji oil5 ml
Peppermint oil5 ml
Turmeric oil2 ml
Sesame oil100 ml

Mix these four oils in ratio provided in above table. This chironji massage oil is effective in reducing rheumatic pain, joint swelling, inflammation and tenderness.

Glandular Swelling of neck

Chironji oil is beneficial in glandular swelling of neck. You can apply this oil twice a day for maximum benefits.

Loss of libido

Add a few drops of Chironji oil in milk and drink it 2 hours before bedtime. It improves libido and acts as an excellent aphrodisiac.

Impotency

Massage oil for aphrodisiac action

Chironji Oil5 ml
Cinnamon Oil2 ml
Ylang Ylang Essential Oil1 ml
Olive Oil100 ml

Mix the oils in given ratio and apply it 30 minutes before bedtime. It improves stamina, time and helps in impotency.

Spider bite

Chironji oil application reduces pain due to spider bite and it reduces the toxic effect on the body. Depending on the species, spider bite can result in transient pain, gangrene and fatal neurotoxicity. Immediate application of chironji oil prevents all these effects of spider bite.

Wounds

Local application of chironji oil helps for quick healing of wounds. It is used with honey.

Chironji oil1 tsp.
Honey1 tsp.

Mix both ingredients well and apply on wounds. This mixture also works as anti-septic and boosts quick healing process.

Chironji leaves

Brain & Cardio tonic

Chironji leaves are used to enhance and correct cardiac functions. You can also use chironji seeds for supporting brain and heart if you cannot get chironji leaves.

Wounds

Herbal powder prepared from chironji leaves is beneficial for boosting wound healing. Yu can take 3 grams powder with warm water if your wounds are not healing, especially, in case of diabetes mellitus.

Blood detox

Chironji leaves purify blood and remove the toxins from the blood. It is used in following way.

Ingredients

Chironji leaves10 grams
Water250 ml
  1. Take 10 grams chironji leaves and 250 ml water.
  2. Boil the mixture and simmer until about 125 ml water remains.
  3. Drink this chirinji water on empty stomach in early morning.

Dosage

Seeds, nuts or kernels

3 grams to 20 grams per day

Decoction prepared from leaves

20 ml to 80 ml

Chironji Oil (oral use)

3 to 10 drops

Chironji gum

500 mg to 1 gram

Chironji root powder

3 grams to 5 grams

Side effects or cautions

The common side effect of chironji seeds is loss of appetite. If you have a weak digestive system, you may experience this effect of chironji seeds.

However, chironji oil boosts digestion.

Another side effect is constipation with chironji kernels, but chironji raw fruits are helpful in constipation.

Excessive urination is observed with chironji oil. Patients taking chironji oil internally (orally) may experience frequent urination during night.

Possible Interactions

There is no known interaction with other medicines.

Research Studies & References

  1. Adaptogenic activity of extract of Buchanania lanzan

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4 Comments

  1. farida says

    Can we take chironji with mishri for dizziness and vertigo?

    1. Dr. Jagdev Singh says

      Yes, you can use this chironji home remedy for dizziness and vertigo. In addition to these ingredients, you can also add green cardamom seeds and coconut powder. All ingredients should be taken in equal quantity by weight.

      1. zareen shahana says

        Hello
        I have suffered with severe vertigo one year back. Since then I have been dizzy. I take tablets butthen again after sometime the dizziness and off balance returns.

        Can you suggest me any treatment for the same.

        1. Dr. Jagdev Singh says

          The following natural remedy will help in dizziness and in your condition.

            1. Take 100 grams almonds, 100 grams mishri, 25 grams green cardamom seeds, 100 grams licorice (Mulethi) powder, 100 grams amla powder and 100 grams coconut powder.
            2. Mix all ingredients in given ratios.
            3. Take 1 teaspoon of this mixture with milk three times a day and continue taking it for at least 2 to 3 months. However, you might get relief within 15 days, but you should continue taking this home remedy for at least 2 to 3 months to get permanent cure from dizziness.

          I hope it will surely help you. Kind regards.

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