Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease (COVID 19)

The key symptoms of Coronavirus Disease (COVID 19) include fever (high body temperature), dry cough, fatigue, expectoration and shortness of breath. Here is a table for the percentage of the most common symptoms of COVID 19.

Typical Symptoms Common in Cases (percentage)
Fever 87.9%
Dry Cough 67.7%
Fatigue 38.1%
Expectoration (Sputum Production) 33.4%
Dyspnea (Breathing Difficulty) 18.6%
Arthralgia or Myalgia 14.8%
Sore Throat 13.9%
Headache 13.6%
Chills 11.4%
Nausea or vomiting 5%
Nasal congestion 4.8%
Hemoptysis (coughing up blood) 0.9%

Fever is the most common symptom of Coronavirus Disease (COVID 19). In most cases, it is the first symptom and followed by a dry cough.

In differential diagnosis, its symptomatology is different from a common cold. Generally, common cold starts with running nose and sneezing and then followed by other symptoms. COVID 19 starts with fever and followed by a dry cough and other symptoms. It shows mild symptoms in about 80% of cases in the first week. After a week, it can cause shortness of breath and many patients may require hospitalization.

So, runny nose, sneezing, and sore throat are uncommon symptoms of COVID-19 infection.

Around 80% of cases show mild symptoms and recover at home. The fatality risk increases with old age.

Mild (Recover at home) 80.9% of cases
Severe (pneumonia) 13.8% of cases
Critical (respiratory failure or organ failure and septic shock) 4.7% of cases
Fatal (death) 2% of cases

Also Read:

  1. How to Make Hand Sanitiser at Home
  2. How to Prevent Coronavirus Infection


  1. WHO China Report (20 Feb. 2020).
  2. Chinese Journal of Epidemiology (17 Feb. 2020).

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