Dashmool (also spelled as Dashamoola, Dashamula & Dashamul) is a name given to ten roots of certain plants listed in ingredient section below. The combination of these ten roots is used widely in Ayurveda for many health conditions related to nerves, muscles, bones and joints. It has potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and moderate analgesic actions. It is a part of several ayurvedic medicines and alone used for pain disorders and inflammatory diseases related to a musculoskeletal system including osteoarthritis, gouty arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis etc.

Ingredients (Composition)

Dashmool contains 10 roots of following plants in equal proportion. It is a combination of Brihat Panchamoola and Laghu Panchamoola.

Brihat Panchamoola:
Aegle Marmelos – Bilva (Indian Bael)10%
Premna Serratifolia (Premna Mucronata & Premna Integrifolia) – Agnimantha (Arani)10%
Oroxylum Indicum – Shyonaka10%
Stereospermum Suaveolens – Patala10%
Gmelina Arborea – Gambhari (Beech wood/Kasmari)10%
Laghu Panchamoola:
Solanum Indicum – Brihati (Indian Nightshade)10%
Solanum Xanthocarpum – Kantakari10%
Desmodium Gangeticum – Shalaparni10%
Uraria Picta – Prishnaparni10%
Tribulus Terrestris – Gokshura10%

Pharmacological Actions

Ingredients in Dashmool (Dashamula) pacify Vata Aggravation and works as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-rheumatic agent. In addition, it provides strength to the body and improves functions of organs located in Vata locations. It tones muscles and soothes nerves.

Medicinal Properties

  1. Anti-inflammatory
  2. Anti-rheumatic or Anti-arthritic
  3. Analgesic
  4. Antispasmodic
  5. Adaptogenic
  6. Antioxidant
  7. Neuroprotective
  8. Anti-paralytic
  9. Uterine tonic
  10. Uterine Detoxifier

Ayurvedic Properties

DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)Pacifies mainly VATA DOSHA and also normalizes Kapha Dosha functions.
Dhatu (Tissue) EffectRASA, MAMSA, ASTHI
Organs EffectNerves, Muscles, Bones & Joints
Main IndicationVata Disorders

Therapeutic Indications

Dashmool (Dashamula) is indicated for following health conditions:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Muscle spasm
  • Low backache
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Gout
  • Paralysis
  • Facial paralysis
  • Hemiplegia
  • Sciatica
  • Constipation
  • Gas or flatulence
  • Bloating
  • Difficulty in Urination or reduced flow of urine
  • Cough & Bronchitis
  • Asthma or Breathing troubles
  • Atherosclerosis
  • General body aches
  • Fatigue with body aches

Benefits & Medicinal Uses

According to Ayurveda, Dashmool mainly acts on Vata Dosha and reduces its aggravation. It also acts on organs located in Vata locations – Pelvic Colon, Bladder, Pelvis, Kidneys, Bones, Ears and Lower Limbs. Therefore, it reduces constipation, improves the health of intestines, improves urine flow, removes toxins from the kidneys, strengthens bones, improves hearing capabilities and reduces pain occurring in lower limbs (thigh, legs, and feet).

The Dashamoola combination also eases in breathing and frequency of cough attacks and breathing troubles, especially that occurring at night.

Dosage & Administration

Dashmool can be used in following ways:

  1. Dashmool Powder (Dashamula Churna)
  2. Dashamoola Decoction

Dashmool Powder Dosage

If you are using Dashmool Powder (Dashamoola Churna), then take 60 grams churna in 960 ml water. Boil to reduce it 120 ml NAME liquid. The dosage is 30 to 60 ml.

The general dosage of Dashmool Powder (Dashamoola Churna) is as follows.
Children1 to 3 grams *
Adults3 to 6 grams *
Maximum Possible Dosage12 grams Per Day (in divided doses) **
* Twice a day
Best Time to Take: After Meal
Best Adjuvant: Warm water
** The maximum dosage of Dashmool Powder is a general estimate

Dashmool Decoction Dosage

For preparing a decoction, take 30 grams of Dashmool Coarse Powder in 480 grams water and boil to reduce it to 60 ml Dashamoola liquid. Strain the liquid and take it as prescribed.

The general dosage of Decoction (Kwath) prepared with Dashmool Churna is as follows.
Children15 to 30 ml *
Adults30 to 60 ml *
Maximum Possible Dosage120 ml Per Day (in divided doses)
* Twice a day
Best Time to Take: 30 minutes before breakfast and 30 minutes before dinner
Best Adjuvant: Warm water can be taken with it.
** The maximum dosage of Dashmool Decoction is a general estimate

Safety Profile

All available forms of Dashmool are considerably safe and well-tolerated in most individuals when Dashamoola formulations are taken in the recommended dosage under the supervision of an ayurvedic physician. Dashamoola formulations and combinations are well suitable for people having Vata dominance in symptoms.

Side Effects

There are no side effects observed with Dashmool.

Pregnancy & Lactation

The safety profile of Dashmool is not well established for pregnant women. However, ingredients used in Dashmool in provided ratio are not likely to cause any side effects during pregnancy. You should consult an ayurvedic physician before using Dashamoola formulations during pregnancy.

Dashamoola is likely to be safe to consume by lactating mothers. There are no adverse effects reported with the use of Dashamoola preparations in lactating mothers and breastfeeding babies.


There are no absolute contraindications for Dashamula when you use these ten herbs’ roots. However, you should check contraindications and precautions for its formulations, which can be considered due to other ingredients in them.

Dashmool Formulations