Fruits have been recognized as healthy and efficient sources of nutrients for the body, especially carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. The consumption of fruits is highly recommended for the prevention of deficiencies. It has been found that the people who eat 5 portions of fruits as a part of the irregular diet have a reduced risk of several acute and chronic diseases.
Fruits are potent sources of nutrients like iron, potassium, calcium, vitamin C, vitamin E, and folate (folic acid). Potassium in fruits like banana can reduce the risk of heart attacks and stroke. It can also help in preventing the formation of kidney stones and decrease the bone loss as the age advances.
Folic acid in fruits helps in the formation of red blood cells. Hence, pregnant women are advised to eat fruits to meet the increased demands of the body for this nutrient.
Fruits containing vitamin C like citrus fruits can protect the body against cancer and the disorders related to the immune system.
Complex carbohydrates present in fruits provide a source of fuel for the body without increasing the risk of obesity. Hence, the patients who are trying to lose weight are advised to consume plenty of fruits to keep their calorie intake to the minimum without depriving the body of a source of energy.
Fruits also provide a large amount of fibers to the body, which can help in ensuring proper digestion of food and preventing constipation. Fruits also contain phytochemicals, which protect the body against several diseases and enhance the overall health and well-being of a person.