Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium)
Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium), also called Purging Croton, is most powerful laxative, which has stimulant action on bowel movement. It has potent effects, which results in cramps during defecation and loose stools.
Generally, Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium) is not indicated in most cases of constipation because of its dangerous effects. The safer laxatives are available in the market. However, physician may require potent stimulant laxative in some cases with severe constipation. Before using Croton Tiglium in severe constipation, you should confirm for other causes especially Bowel obstruction (Intestinal obstruction). In this case, you should never use any formulation containing Jamal gota as an ingredient.
|Scientific Name||Croton Tiglium|
|Hindi Name||Jamal gota (Jamalgota)|
|English Name||Purging Croton|
- 1 Botanical Classification (Plant Taxonomy)
- 2 Medicinal Parts
- 3 Phytochemistry (Chemical Composition)
- 4 Medicinal Properties
- 5 Ayurvedic Properties
- 6 Therapeutic Indications
- 7 Seed Purification or Detoxification (SHODHANA)
- 8 Benefits & Medicinal Uses
- 9 Dosage
- 10 Croton Antidote
- 11 Side Effects
- 12 Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- 13 Contraindications
Botanical Classification (Plant Taxonomy)
|Infra Kingdom||STREPTOPHYTA (land plants)|
|Division||TRACHEOPHYTA (TRACHEOPHYTES or Vascular Plants)|
|Sub Division||SPERMATOPHYTINA (SPERMATOPHYTES or Seed Plants)|
|Family||EUPHORBIACEAE (EUPHORBES, SPURGE)|
- External bark of croton roots
- Seed oil (croton oil, also called Crotonis oleum)
All parts for Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium) have potent laxative action.
Phytochemistry (Chemical Composition)
Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium) kernels contain approximately 50 to 60% croton oil. Croton seed oil contains about 17 fatty acids.
- LINOLEIC ACID
- OLEIC ACID
- EICOSENOIC ACID
These three fatty acids are found in abundant amount (about 77.33% total) in croton oil.
Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium) shows following effects in the body.
- Stimulant laxative
- Intestinal irritant
External application of croton oil is skin irritant. Some people use Jamalgota seeds as potent colon cleanser. They believe loose motions stimulated by croton Tiglium help in curing skin diseases because this process removes disease-causing toxins via final section of the large intestine.
In ayurveda, Jamalgota is used in Panchakarma purgation therapy (Virechana) for same purpose reducing toxins in the body and aiding better absorption of the ayurvedic medicines thereafter. It is useful in many diseases mainly in which Virechana recommended. Nowadays, ayurvedic physicians rarely use Jamalgota for Virechana. Instead, they prefer safer and well tolerable remedies like TRIVRIT LEHYAM (TRIVRIT AVALEHA) for Virechana.
|Taste – RASA||KATU (Pungent)|
|Main Quality – GUNA||GURU (Heavy), RUKSHA (Dry), TIKSHNA (Sharp)|
|Potency – VIRYA||USHNA (Hot)|
|Resultant – VIPAKA||KATU (Pungent)|
|Therapeutic Effect – PRABHAVA||Strong Laxative|
|DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)||Pacifies KAPHA|
|Effects on Organs||Intestines or Bowel|
Croton Tiglium (Jamalgota) is helpful in following health conditions.
- Persistent and obstinate constipation
- Hair Loss (very rare use)
Croton Roots Paste – External Application
- Skin Tags
Croton Root Bark
Seed Purification or Detoxification (SHODHANA)
Ayurveda recommends detoxifying or purifying (SHODHANA) the seeds of Croton Tiglium (Jamalgota) before using it therapeutic purposes. The main target of this process is to reduce its irritant property. Jamalgota purification process includes following steps.
- Soak croton seeds overnight.
- Remove the outer coating (layer) of croton seeds.
- Remove leaf like cotyledons from inside the croton kernels.
- Tie in a cotton cloth and form bag (POTTALI) for steaming (SVEDANA) kernels.
- Now, add cow’s milk in stainless steel container (or ayurvedic instrument DOLA YANTRA) and heat it to boil and to produce steam.
- Now, hang the cotton bag with croton seeds above the milk container and immerse the bag in milk container. Give heat produced in the milk container for 3 hours.
- After that, remove seeds from cotton cloth and wash them with warm water.
- To reduce more irritant effect of croton kernels, then you should also press the kernels between two blotting papers to remove residual croton oil.
- Then dry then in the sun. Then the croton kernels can be stored in dry glass jar or earthen jar.
- To reduce side effects of kernels, limejuice is helpful. Ayurveda texts recommend processing (BHAVANA) croton kernels with limejuice three times.
However, this process reduces irritant effect and side effects of croton kernels and makes them suitable for human consumption, but croton kernels still have potent laxative action.
Benefits & Medicinal Uses
All parts of Croton Tiglium (Jamalgota) have strong purgative action. Therefore, the general benefit of Jamalgota is to eliminate the constipation.
Purified (SHODHIT) Croton Kernels: The purified (SHODHIT) croton (Jamalgota) kernels are used in ayurveda for constipation. The following mixture is beneficial and recommended in ayurvedic ancient texts to reduce side effects of croton kernels.
|Croton Kernels Powder||8 Parts (20 mg)|
|Borax Powder (Tankan Bhasma)||1 Part (2.5 mg)|
Ayurvedic physicians rarely use croton kernels alone. They have several ayurvedic formulations containing croton kernel (Jamalgota) powder.
Purified Jamalgota formulations are more beneficial for people with obstinate and persistent constipation if they have following symptoms or conditions.
- They have not passed the stool since 3 days, but there is not bowel obstruction.
- Indigestion or loss of appetite
- AMA (Toxins developed due to undigested food)
- Feeling heaviness in the abdomen, but no tenderness and abdominal pain
Croton Oil: Some folk physicians use 1 drop of croton oil mixing it with 1 tsp. honey or butter. Croton (Jamalgota) oil has very strong laxative and irritant action. Many people experience severe abdominal cramps, burning sensation in mouth, dizziness, vomiting and stupor. Therefore, we never believe it is UNSAFE for most people and we never recommend using croton oil internally for treating constipation. The purified (SHODHIT) croton kernels are safer option if patient urgently requires constipation management.
Croton Roots: Jamalgota or croton roots have mild laxative action, but roots may also cause mild burning in the abdomen like Jamalgota seeds. However, croton roots are rarely used for laxative action, but roots increase the secretion of bile salts from the gall bladder and liver, which helps in removing constipation and treating jaundice.
- The oral use of unpurified seeds (croton kernels) and croton oil is likely unsafe. All these can cause severe inflammation in intestines and lead to intense abdominal pain and cramps.
- Purified kernels may be useful for people with severe or chronic constipation, but the regular or frequent use of Jamalgota (purified kernels) is also unsafe. Its regular use may cause intestinal sluggishness and reduce natural peristalsis.
In hemorrhoids, croton roots are used externally in form of paste. The paste is made using the fine powder of croton roots and buttermilk. This paste is applied on external hemorrhoids. The external hemorrhoids shrink and become dry. The swelling is reduced and patient feels relief from all symptoms of hemorrhoids. This application is effective only for non-bleeding piles.
Contraindicating Symptoms & Conditions
The paste application of croton root should not be applied if patient has following symptoms.
- Burning sensation
- Fissure or Cuts
- Bleeding piles
The paste of croton (Jamalgota) roots prepared with warm water is applied on the skin tags for several days. Skin tags naturally fall off after several regular applications.
The paste is prepared using water and external bark of croton roots. This paste is applied on the abscess. This paste helps bursting abscess. Some folks add turmeric (Curcuma Longa) powder in the paste for antiseptic purposes.
The external bark of croton roots is mixed with jaggery (Gur) and advised taking orally for increasing the bile secretion from the gall bladder and liver. This helps treating jaundice and reduces white stools.
|Plant Part or Derivative||Dosage|
|Purified Jamalgota (croton kernels)||5 mg to 25 mg *|
|Croton root powder||100 mg to 1000 mg *|
|External bark of croton roots||500 mg to 1000 mg *|
|Croton Oil||1 drop mixed with honey or butter **|
* Once a day ** Once a day, but we don’t recommend its use.
Purified Jamalgota (croton kernels) Dosage
|Minimum Effective Dosage||5 mg *|
|Moderate dosage (Adults)||5 mg to 25 mg *|
|Moderate dosage (Children)||Should not be used|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||50 mg * (rare use)|
* Once a day
Borax powder (Tankan Bhasma) is a strong antidote for all parts of Croton Tiglium plant.
Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium) Toxicity Treatment
Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium) can cause severe diarrhea and abdominal cramps along with burning sensation in the whole abdomen. Vacha (Calamus) root ash is a good antidote to reduce its toxicity and symptoms occurring due to it. Vacha root ash powder should be taken in dosage of 500 to 1000 mg two to three times a day or as required to reduce the symptoms. The Tankan Bhasma (250 mg) and Praval Pishti (1000 mg) should also be taken twice daily. If burning sensation is excess, then Praval Pishti can be repeated for 3 to 6 times a day in higher dosage (1 g).
Unpurified or Unprocessed Jamalgota (Croton Seeds)
Unpurified or unprocessed Jamalgota (croton seeds) is LIKELY UNSAFE and cause severe irritation and inflammation in the alimentary canal. It results in following side effects.
- Severe cramps
- Severe abdominal tenderness
- Burning in the abdomen
- Ulceration in mouth
- Acid dyspepsia
External application of croton seeds (Jamal gota) can lead to following adverse effects.
- Burning sensation
Purified Jamalgota or Processed Croton Kernels
The unsupervised use can cause same side effects listed above, but the intensity of its effects are less than unpurified Jamalgota.
Croton oil is LIKELY UNSAFE. 20 drops of croton oil can lead to death. Even a single drop can cause following side effects.
- Mouth ulcer or Blistering in mouth
- Burning in mouth
- Severe cramps
The oral intake croton roots may be POSSIBLY UNSAFE if taken unsupervised, but it may be well tolerable by most of people within dosage less than 500 mg a day. The roots can cause burning sensation.
External Bark of Croton Roots
The External Bark of Croton Roots is WELL TOLERABLE in dosage less than 1000 mg a day. However, the higher dosage (even about 10 grams) is recommended in ancient texts for jaundice, but many ayurvedic physicians consider 1000 mg safest and effective dosage for external bark of croton roots.
How to treat diarrhea due to Jamalgota (Croton Tiglium)
Diarrhea due to jamal gota subsides itself. Sipping warm water is very helpful for reducing cramps and loose stools due to jamal gota indigestion. There is no treatment required in mild to moderate cases.
If severe diarrhea with severe abdominal cramps occurs due to Jamalgota, then antispasmodic and Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) may also require. Antidiarrheal drugs are ineffective in such case. In severe cases, Intravenous Fluid Resuscitation is also required.
Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
All parts of Croton Tiglium plant are STRONGLY UNSAFE in pregnancy and breastfeeding. Croton formulations can result in miscarriage and birth defects in children. It can cause severe diarrhea in breastfeeding babies if lactating mothers use it for treating their constipation.
Croton Tiglium (Jamal gota) is contraindicated in following health conditions.
- Before and after surgery
- Bleeding disorders
- Abdominal pain
- Acute abdomen
- Ulcerative colitis and other inflammatory conditions of abdomen
- Endometritis (inflammation of endometrium)