Ayurvedic Oils

Mahanarayan Oil (Mahanarayana Thailam)

Mahanarayan Oil (also called Mahanarayana Thailam) is ayurvedic medicated oil prepared using sesame oil as a base and processed in several medicinal herbs that improves strength of the muscles, bones and joints. It has soothing effect and reduces joint inflammation. It is effective remedy for all types of arthritic disorders especially for osteoarthritis. Its internal use gives instant relief from the knee pain. Its external use reduces joint inflammation and muscle fatigue.

The analgesic effect of this oil is not instant when applied externally. For instant pain relief, it is advised to take orally. Its oral intake has potent action against osteoarthritis and many people get relief from severe knee pain within a first of week of its regular use.

Ingredients (Composition)

Mahanarayan Oil (Mahanarayana Thailam) contains following ingredients.

Herbs for Decoction
Aegle Marmelos – Bilva (Indian Bael) root1 Kg
Withania Somnifera – Ashwagandha (Indian Ginseng)1 Kg
Solanum Indicum – Brihati (Indian Nightshade) root1 Kg
Tribulus Terrestris – Gokshura1 Kg
Oroxylum Indicum – Shyonaka1 Kg
Sida Cordifolia Root – Bala (Country Mallow) root1 Kg
Erythrina Variegata – Paribhadra or Azadirachta Indica – Neem1 Kg
Solanum Xanthocarpum – Kantakari1 Kg
Boerhavia Diffusa – Punarnava1 Kg
Abutilon Indicum – Atibala (Indian Mallow)1 Kg
Premna Serratifolia (Premna Mucronata & Premna Integrifolia) – Agnimantha (Arani)1 Kg
Paederia Foetida  – Prasarini1 Kg
Stereospermum Suaveolens – Patala1 Kg
Water for making Decoction100 liters
The decoction is prepared with above herbs and water is reduced to one fourth (i.e. 25 liters)
Base Oil
Sesamum Indicum – Sesame Oil (Til Tail)6.4 liters
Goat Milk or Cow’s Milk6.4 liters
Asparagus Racemosus – Shatavari Juice6.4 liters
Herbs for Kalka (Paste)
Pluchea Lanceolata – Rasna100 grams
Withania SomniferaAshwagandha (Indian Ginseng)100 grams
Anethum Sowa – Mishi (Indian Dill) fruit100 grams
Cedrus Deodara – Devdaru (Deodar Cedar or Himalayan Cedar)100 grams
Saussurea Lappa – Kushta (Indian Costus Root)100 grams
Desmodium Gangeticum – Shalaparni100 grams
Uraria Picta – Prishnaparni100 grams
Phaseolus Trilobus – Mudgaparni100 grams
Teramnus Labialis – Mashaparni100 grams
Aquilaria Agallocha – Agaru (Agarwood)100 grams
Mesua Ferrea – Nagkesar100 grams
Rock Salt (Sendha Namak or Halite)100 grams
Nardostachys Jatamansi – Spikenard root100 grams
Curcuma Longa – Haldi (Turmeric)100 grams
Berberis Aristata – Daruhaldi100 grams
Parmelia Perlata – Shaileyam100 grams
Pterocarpus Santalinus – Lal Chandan (Red Sandalwood)100 grams
Inula Racemosa – Pushkarmool100 grams
Elettaria Cardamomum – Elaichi (Cardamom)100 grams
Rubia Cordifolia – Manjistha (Indian Madder)100 grams
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza Glabra100 grams
Valeriana Wallichii – Tagara (Indian Valerian)100 grams
Cyperus Rotundus – Mustak (Nut grass)100 grams
Cinnamomum Tamala – Tejpata (Indian Bay Leaf)100 grams
Eclipta AlbaBhringraj100 grams
Ashtavargam Herbs
Jivaka (Jeevak)100 grams
Rishabhaka (Rishabhi)100 grams
Meda100 grams
Mahameda100 grams
Kakoli100 grams
Ksheera Kakoli100 grams
Riddhi100 grams
Vriddhi100 grams
Pavonia Odorata – Ambu, Gandhbala100 grams
Acorus Calamus – Vacha (Sweet flag)100 grams
Butea Monosperma – Palash100 grams
Clerodendrum Infortunatum – Titabhamt100 grams
Boerhavia Erecta – Pandhari Punarnava (Shweta)100 grams
Angelica Glauca –  Choraka100 grams
Cinnamomum camphor – Karpur50 grams
Crocus Sativus – Kesar (Saffron)50 grams
Kasturi (Musk)50 grams
The mixture is boiled and simmered until the oil remains and filtered to get Maha Narayan Oil.

Pharmacological Actions

Mahanarayan Oil (Mahanarayana Thailam) is tonic for nervous system and musculoskeletal system. According to ayurveda, it pacifies VATA and reduces all VATA symptoms. When taken internally, it exerts potent anti-inflammatory action and provides strength to the bones, muscles and joints.

Therapeutic Indications

In ayurveda, Mahanarayan Oil is indicated in all types of VATA VYADI (diseases due to aggravated Vata, mainly related to nerves, bones, muscles & joints). A brief list of Mahanarayana Thailam is given below:

  • Monoplegia
  • Bell’s palsy (Facial Palsy)
  • Tremors
  • Hearing loss or deafness
  • Oligospermia
  • Cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis)
  • Lock Jaw or Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder
  • Headache
  • Female Infertility
  • Intestinal Gas and bloating
  • Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy or Tongue Deviation
  • Toothache
  • Schizophrenia, Mania and Psychosis
  • Kyphosis
  • Wasting
  • Paraplegia
  • Hemiplegia
  • Paralysis
  • Fever

Benefits & Medicinal Uses

Nowadays, Mahanarayan Oil is famous for external application in joint pains. It gives substantial improvement in VATA disorders when taken internally. The therapeutic effect of Mahanarayan Tail is observed on bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons and synovial fluid.


Many ayurvedic doctors only use Mahanarayan Oil for the massage of affected joints with osteoarthritis, but it gives substantial improvement in pain and joint flexibility when taken internally. 5 ml Mahanarayan Oil (as recommended in dosage section below) should be taken with milk 2 times a day. A week therapy with it gives relief from the joint pain and grating sensation. It reduces joint tenderness and stiffness and improves flexibility of the joints.

According to ayurveda, Vata is responsible for loss of cartilage or wear and tear of the cartilage in osteoarthritis. Mahanarayan Oil pacifies Vata and has protective effects against wear and tear of the cartilage and it improves synovial fluid. Symptomatic relief is observable within the first week of its internal use. Patients require knee replacement must give a try with this oil before taking a big decision. Many of our patients have got significant improvement only with Mahanarayan Oil. We also use following herbal mixture for additional support in osteoarthritis.

Ashwagandha – Withania Somnifera1000 mg
Mustak – Cyprus Rotundus500 mg
Shatavari – Asparagus Racemosus500 mg
Gokshura – Tribulus Terrestris500 mg
Shallaki – Boswellia Serrata500 mg
Purified Guggul250 mg
Trikatu Churna125 mg
This mixture should be taken with milk by thin people and obese people should take this mixture with warm water.

Massage with Mahanarayan Oil should be done at least for 40 minutes to get better results; otherwise, its external use is not worthy than simple sesame oil processed with Jaiphal (Nutmeg).

Dosage & Administration

Mahanarayan Oil can be taken orally and used in massage.

Oral Use (Internal Administration)

It should be noted that Mahanarayan Oil should only be taken internally (by mouth) if patient has good appetite. If patient has loss of appetite, indigestion and gastritis, then these conditions should be treated well before starting internal administration of this oil. The main point is patient can digest the Mahanarayan Oil easily without any trouble.

The general dosage of Mahanarayan Oil (Mahanarayana Thailam) is as follows.
Children2.5 ml (1/2 teaspoon) *
Adults5 ml (1 teaspoon) *
Maximum Possible Dosage20 ml Per Day (in divided doses)
* With warm milk
Best Time to Take: VATA KALA (Evening 2 PM to 6 PM and Late Night 2 AM to 6 AM). If taking it in this time is not possible, then it should be taken on empty stomach in the early morning and in the evening around 5 PM.

External Use (Massage)

Mahanarayan Oil can be applied on the affected parts. The massage should be done for at least 40 minutes for the best results.

Safety Profile

The external application of Mahanarayan Oil is considerably safe, but internal intake is also well tolerated in most individuals with good appetite. It should not be given to patients having loss of appetite, indigestion and AMA condition.

Side Effects

External application or massage with Mahanarayan Oil likely safe and does not have any side effects.

Side effects of Mahanarayan Oil when taken orally

However, when Mahanarayan Oil is used wisely, it does not cause any side effects, but if it is given to patients who are not eligible for its tolerance and having low digestive power or AMA condition like Rheumatoid Arthritis etc., it can worsen the symptoms. The most common side effects of oral intake are:

  1. Loss of appetite
  2. Acid reflux
  3. Heartburn
  4. Restlessness


Internal intake of Mahanarayan Oil is contraindicated in all conditions listed in Snehana (Oleation therapy) Contraindications here. Digestive power of patient should be analyzed before giving Mahanarayan Oil for oral intake.

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh is a qualified Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist with B.A.M.S. and M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants. He has a wealth of experience in using Ayurveda to treat patients, including the use of herbal medicine and personalized Ayurvedic diets. His passion for spreading accurate and scientific information about Ayurveda and Medicinal Plants led him to create Ayur Times, a trusted resource for those seeking reliable information on the topic. Through his dedicated work, Dr. Singh has helped thousands of patients find relief and improve their health with Ayurveda and Herbal Medicine.

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  1. I have taken Dabur mahanarayan tel for my shoulder message. Because I had bicep tendon partial tear some time ago. And right now I am going through physiotherapy and getting muscle strength slowly. Currently I am applying pain relief gels like violini gel. But, I just bought this oil for message on my shoulder for better results. Is this a good try? And is dabur mahanarayan tel a right product?

  2. I have ben suffering from severe backache/katishul since last two months and unable to move. Please tell me the treatment. will you kindly send the medicines by post?

  3. I am suffering from triggered finger. If I take this oil orally, will that help?

  4. The bottle of Mahanarayan Thailam reads that it’s for external use only. Then how can it be safely consumed internally? Please clear my doubt.

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