The plants and herbs used for therapeutic purposes due to their healing properties are known as medicinal plants. They are used either in crude form (such as powder, decoction or infusion of leaves, flowers, seeds, stem, bark or roots) or in extract form (such as principle active substance, derivatives, alkaloids, water extract, alcohol extract, etc.).
Herbs are the non-woody flowering plants, which are valued for their medicinal properties as well as their flavor, scent, and other qualities.
Herbs and medicinal plants are used in smaller amounts in cooking to enhance the flavor of the dish and also, to make it healthier. The quantity of the herbs to be added is often much less than that of the other ingredients as they are highly potent and have the ability to produce a stronger effect in the body.
Most species of herbs are used in the traditional or folk systems of medicine. Some of these herbs have also contributed significantly to the development of modern drugs. The use of herbs and medicinal plants is increasing worldwide, mainly due to the safety and high effectiveness they offer.
Herbs form the chief ingredients in the medicines used in the traditional systems of healing such as Ayurveda. Medicinal plants can produce a strong action, which can be beneficial in the management of several disorders. The herbs act in a variety of ways for curing the disorders. They can boost the functions of various organs in the body and also correct the abnormalities. The herbs also have the ability to maintain a balance of hormones and enzymes in the body thereby ensuring proper functioning of all the body’s systems in a coordinated way.
Herbs and medicinal plants can also act as a tonic. They contain several essential vitamins and minerals that can help in preventing and treating the disorders arising due to deficiencies. They can improve the overall health and fitness of a person.