Punarnava Guggulu is an ayurvedic medicine, which has anti-inflammatory, anodyne and anti-arthritic properties. It is mainly used for rheumatoid arthritis, gout, hernia, sciatica, frozen shoulder, backache, urinary bladder pain, and tailbone pain.
Punarnava Guggulu vs. Punarnavadi Guggulu
Punarnava Guggulu is anti-arthritic formulation whereas Punarnavadi Guggulu is mainly used as diuretic. Ingredients in both formulations are also different. Some people mistakenly use both names as a synonym to each other. Read here about Punarnavadi Guggulu.
Punarnava Guggulu Ingredients (Composition)
|Punarnava – Boerhavia Diffusa||4.8 Kg|
|Erand mool (Castor plant roots) – Ricinus Communis||4.8 Kg|
|Sonth (dried ginger root) – Zingiber Officinale||768 grams|
|Prepare a Kwath (Decoction) using above ingredients and reduce the liquid to 1/8 part i.e. around 3 Kg. Filter the decoction and add Shuddha Guggulu in the following quantity.|
|Shuddha Guggulu||384 grams|
|Now, simmer the mixture until it becomes thick. Then add following ingredients:|
|Erand Oil – Castor Oil||192 grams|
|Nishoth (Trivrit or Turpeth) roots – Operculina Turpethum||240 grams|
|Danti roots – Baliospermum Montanum||48 grams|
|Giloy (Guduchi) – Tinospora Cordifolia||96 grams|
|Chitrak root – Plumbago Zeylanica||24 grams|
|Sendha Namak||48 grams|
|Shuddha Bhilawa (Bhallataka) – Semecarpus Anacardium||48 grams|
|Vaividang (False Black Pepper) – Embelia Ribes||48 grams|
|Swarnamakshik Bhasma||12 grams|
|Punarnava – Boerhavia Diffusa||48 grams|
|Tablets are prepared from above mixture and called Punarnava Guggulu.|
|Reference: BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI, CHAPTER 27, VATAVYADHI CHIKITSA, VERSE 109 – 113|
Punarnava Guggulu reduces joint pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness due to following medical properties.
- Muscle relaxant
|VIRYA (Potency)||USHNA (Hot)|
|DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)||Pacifies VATA DOSHA and KAPHA DOSHA|
|Dhatu (Tissue) Effect||RASA, RAKTA, MAMSA, MEDAS, ASTHI|
|Organs Effect||Bones, Joints, Muscles|
|Main Indication||Vata Disorders|
Punarnava Guggulu is useful in following health conditions:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Frozen Shoulder
- Urinary Bladder Pain
- Tailbone Pain
- Neck Pain
- Spondylosis – Cervical Spondylosis, Lumbar Spondylosis or Thoracic Spondylosis
Dosage & Administration
|The general dosage of Punarnava Guggulu is as follows.|
|Children||250 to 500 mg *|
|Adults||500 mg to 3000 mg *|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||6 grams Per Day (in divided doses)|
|* Twice a day with warm water or milk|
|Best Time to Take: After Food|
Note: The classical dosage of Punarnava Guggulu seems to be very high, so some people may feel restlessness, vertigo, burning sensation with the high dosage (more than 1 gram twice daily). Therefore, it should be started with a low dosage and can be gradually increased to the classical dosage as described in BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI.
Punarnava Guggulu has USHNA VIRYA (hot potency), so the high dosage of this medicine can cause some side effects especially in people with Pitta body type or suffering from any Pitta condition.
Side Effects of Punarnava Guggulu
Punarnava Guggulu may cause following side effects if taken more than 1000 mg twice daily.
- Burning sensation in abdomen
- Feeling of excess heat
Pregnancy & Lactation
Punarnava Guggulu is absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy, so it must not be used by pregnant women. It may cause miscarriage and promote heavy bleeding. The lactating mother should also avoid this medicine.
Punarnava Guggulu is contraindicated in following health conditions:
- Peptic Ulcers
- Mouth Ulcers
- Ulcerative colitis
- Crohn’s disease