Punarnava Guggulu

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Punarnava Guggulu is an ayurvedic medicine, which has anti-inflammatory, anodyne and anti-arthritic properties. It is mainly used for rheumatoid arthritis, gout, hernia, sciatica, frozen shoulder, backache, urinary bladder pain, and tailbone pain.

Punarnava Guggulu vs. Punarnavadi Guggulu

Punarnava Guggulu is anti-arthritic formulation whereas Punarnavadi Guggulu is mainly used as diuretic. Ingredients in both formulations are also different. Some people mistakenly use both names as a synonym to each other. Read here about Punarnavadi Guggulu.

Punarnava Guggulu Ingredients (Composition)

IngredientsQuantity
Punarnava – Boerhavia Diffusa4.8 Kg
Erand mool (Castor plant roots) – Ricinus Communis4.8 Kg
Sonth (dried ginger root) – Zingiber Officinale768 grams
Water24.6 Kg
Prepare a Kwath (Decoction) using above ingredients and reduce the liquid to 1/8 part i.e. around 3 Kg. Filter the decoction and add Shuddha Guggulu in the following quantity.
Shuddha Guggulu384 grams
Now, simmer the mixture until it becomes thick. Then add following ingredients:
Erand Oil – Castor Oil192 grams
Nishoth (Trivrit or Turpeth) roots – Operculina Turpethum240 grams
Danti roots – Baliospermum Montanum48 grams
Giloy (Guduchi) – Tinospora Cordifolia96 grams
Triphala72 grams
Trikatu72 grams
Chitrak root – Plumbago Zeylanica24 grams
Sendha Namak48 grams
Shuddha Bhilawa (Bhallataka) – Semecarpus Anacardium48 grams
Vaividang (False Black Pepper) – Embelia Ribes48 grams
Swarnamakshik Bhasma12 grams
Punarnava – Boerhavia Diffusa48 grams
Tablets are prepared from above mixture and called Punarnava Guggulu.
Reference: BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI, CHAPTER 27, VATAVYADHI CHIKITSA, VERSE 109 – 113

Pharmacological Actions

Punarnava Guggulu reduces joint pain, swelling, inflammation, stiffness due to following medical properties.

Medicinal Properties

  • Analgesic
  • Anti-arthritic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-gout
  • Anti-rheumatic
  • Carminative
  • Muscle relaxant

Ayurvedic Properties

VIRYA (Potency)USHNA (Hot)
PRABHAVA (Action)Anti-arthritic
DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)Pacifies VATA DOSHA and KAPHA DOSHA
Dhatu (Tissue) EffectRASA, RAKTA, MAMSA, MEDAS, ASTHI
Organs EffectBones, Joints, Muscles
Main IndicationVata Disorders

Therapeutic Indications

Punarnava Guggulu is useful in following health conditions:

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  2. Gout
  3. Hernia
  4. Sciatica
  5. Frozen Shoulder
  6. Backache
  7. Urinary Bladder Pain
  8. Tailbone Pain
  9. Neck Pain
  10. Spondylitis
  11. Spondylosis – Cervical Spondylosis, Lumbar Spondylosis or Thoracic Spondylosis

Dosage & Administration

The general dosage of Punarnava Guggulu is as follows.
Children250 to 500 mg *
Adults500 mg to 3000 mg *
Maximum Possible Dosage6 grams Per Day (in divided doses)
* Twice a day with warm water or milk
Best Time to Take: After Food

Note: The classical dosage of Punarnava Guggulu seems to be very high, so some people may feel restlessness, vertigo, burning sensation with the high dosage (more than 1 gram twice daily). Therefore, it should be started with a low dosage and can be gradually increased to the classical dosage as described in BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI.

Safety Profile

Punarnava Guggulu has USHNA VIRYA (hot potency), so the high dosage of this medicine can cause some side effects especially in people with Pitta body type or suffering from any Pitta condition.

Side Effects of Punarnava Guggulu

Punarnava Guggulu may cause following side effects if taken more than 1000 mg twice daily.

  • Vertigo
  • Restlessness
  • Heartburn
  • Hyperacidity
  • Burning sensation in abdomen
  • Feeling of excess heat

Pregnancy & Lactation

Punarnava Guggulu is absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy, so it must not be used by pregnant women. It may cause miscarriage and promote heavy bleeding. The lactating mother should also avoid this medicine.

Contraindications

Punarnava Guggulu is contraindicated in following health conditions:

  • Heartburn
  • Hyperacidity
  • Restlessness
  • Peptic Ulcers
  • Mouth Ulcers
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn’s disease

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