Botanically, Manjakani (also called Majuphal) is Quercus Infectoria. It is also known with names like GALL TREE, GALL OAK, MASIKAI, MAGIC NUT and ALEPPO OAK. In ayurvedic medicine, it is very important medicinal plant, which is useful for its astringent action. It helps in diarrhoea, leucorrhoea, uterine prolapse, rectal prolapse, irritable bowel syndrome, and for tightening the loose or sagging tissues. For therapeutic purposes, Manjakani, also called Majuphal, is used.
Formation of Manjakani (Oak Galls)
The Gall wasps (also called gall midge flies or cynipid wasps) are responsible for the formation of Oak Galls. Gall wasps taint the new leaves or plant tissues and deposit eggs in on leaves. However, the formation of Oak Galls is poorly understood, but plant responds to the wasp larvae, which lead to a biochemical reaction between plant tissue and wasps’ larvae. There is hard and round shaped abnormal tissue is produced, which is called Manjakani or Oak Gall. This process may take several months.
|Safety Profile||POSSIBLY SAFE & TOLERABLE|
|Medicine Type||Medicinal Plant – Plant Tissue (Gall Oaks)|
|Chemical Composition||Gallic Acid & Tannic Acid|
|Dosage||250 mg to 1000 mg|
|Scientific Name||Quercus Infectoria|
|Hindi Name||Manjakani, Majuphal|
|English Name||Gall Oak, Aleppo oak|
|Other Names||Masikai, Magic Nut, Downy Oak, Mayakku, Mayaphala|
Botanical Classification (Plant Taxonomy)
|Infra Kingdom||STREPTOPHYTA (land plants)|
|Division||TRACHEOPHYTA (TRACHEOPHYTES or Vascular Plants)|
|Sub Division||SPERMATOPHYTINA (SPERMATOPHYTES or Seed Plants)|
|Genus||QUERCUS L. (Oak)|
|Species||Quercus Infectoria Olivier (Aleppo Oak)|
The main medicinal part of Quercus Infectoria is Oak Galls (Manjakani or Majuphal).
Phytochemistry (Chemical Composition)
Gallic Acid & Tannic Acid are found in Manjakani.
Manjakani (Quercus Infectoria) has following healing properties.
- Strong Astringent
- Topical Astringent
- Wound healing – Topical application
|Taste – RASA||KASAYA (Astringent)|
|Main Quality – GUNA||LAGHU (Light), RUKSHA (Dry)|
|Potency – VIRYA||SHEETA (Cold)|
|Resultant – VIPAKA||KATU (Pungent)|
|Therapeutic Effect – PRABHAVA||Astringent|
|DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)||Pacifies KAPHA & PITTA|
|Effects on Organs||Intestines, Colon, Female reproductive system organs|
Manjakani (Quercus Infectoria) is helpful in following health conditions.
- Chronic Diarrhea with mucus
- Irritable bowel syndrome – when one passes loose stools with mucus content
- Bleeding piles
- Rectal prolapse
Kidneys & Urinary Bladder
- Frequent urination
- Urinary incontinence
- Urinary tract infections (pus in urine)
- Uterine prolapse
- Excessive uterine bleeding
Benefits & Medicinal Uses
Astringent action of Manjakani (Oak Galls) contributes to all its therapeutic benefits and uses. It is effective in wide range of diseases including dental problems, abdominal diseases, uterine disorders etc. We here discuss the principle uses and health benefits of Manjakani.
Chronic Diarrhea with Mucus Discharge
Manjakani powder is used for chronic diarrhea. Along with Dalchini (Cinnamon), it reduces mucus discharge, stool stickiness and frequency of bowel movement.
|Manjakani powder||500 mg *|
|Dalchini (Cinnamon) Powder||500 mg *|
|Honey||1 tsp. *|
* This combination is beneficial for diarrhea with mucus discharge and cramps. It can be taken twice daily for 1 to 2 weeks.
Alone Manjakani powder is also effective when undigested food particles are found in the stool. In such case, it can be taken in the dosage of 1 gram with 1 teaspoon of honey.
Blood in the Stool or Rectal Bleeding & Bleeding Piles
Antihemorrhagic action of the Manjakani helps stopping the rectal bleeding. The following Manjakani combination is helpful in such case.
|Manjakani powder||1 grams *|
|Nagkesar – Mesua Ferrea||250 mg *|
|Sonth (Dried Ginger) Powder||250 mg *|
|Misri (Sugar)||3 grams *|
|Ghee||2 to 4 ml *|
* This mixture can be taken twice daily. This combination is effective when one also has mucus in the stool.
If mucus is not present in the stool and stool is not sticky and foul smelling, then Manjakani powder with Nagkesar and Licorice powder should be used as follows:
|Manjakani powder||1 gram *|
|Nagkesar – Mesua Ferrea||250 mg *|
|Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza Glabra||1 gram *|
|Amla powder||1 gram *|
|Ghee||2 to 4 ml *|
|Misri (Sugar)||1 gram *|
* It can be taken twice daily and should be continued for several days to get complete relief and prevent recurrence of rectal bleeding.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Manjakani is helpful when one has following symptoms in IBS.
- Mucus discharge in the stool
- Foul Smell in the stool
- Sticky stools
- Loose stools
If anyone has above symptoms, the Manjakani is helpful in combination as given below:
|Manjakani powder||1 grams *|
|Sonth (Dried Ginger) Powder||500 mg *|
|Mustak – Cyprus Rotundus||500 mg *|
* Twice a day with warm water
Note: This combination should not be used when frequent constipation is a main symptom in Irritable bowel syndrome.
Rectal Prolapse in Children after Severe Diarrhea
Manjakani (Majuphal) decoction should be used to wash the lower section of the large intestine. A cotton cloth should be dipped in the Majuphal decoction and kept on the affected part. Manjakani powder paste can also be applied on the affected part.
Manjakani is effective in 1st and 2nd degree prolapse. The Uttar Vasti with Majuphal decoction is beneficial in such case.
Alternatively, a small cotton bag filled with Manjakani powder – 8 parts and Alum (FITKARI) – 1 part can be placed internally in along the mucosal wall for best results.
Leucorrhea & Vaginitis
The astringent action of Manjakani reduces inflammation and inhibits the growth of microbes, which helps reducing discharge due to vaginitis or leucorrhea. Internally, 1-gram Manjakani powder with 500 mg Godanti Bhasma is considered best treatment for leucorrhea.
Externally, washing genitals with Manjakani decoction adding 500 mg alum is beneficial.
Toothache, Pyorrhea & Gingivitis.
Manjakani is included in most of the ayurvedic tooth powders. It reduces a toothache, Inflammation of the gums, and helpful for treating pyorrhea due to its astringent, antimicrobial and Anti-inflammatory actions.
The general dosage of Manjakani (Quercus Infectoria) is as follows.
|Children||125 mg to 500 mg *|
|Adults||250 mg to 1000 mg *|
|Maximum Possible Dosage||3 grams *|
* Twice a day with appropriate adjuvant
Recommended Treatment Duration
The recommended treatment duration with Manjakani (Quercus Infectoria) ranges from 3 days to 3 months.
|Diarrhea||2 to 5 days|
|Chronic Diarrhea||1 to 2 weeks|
|Dysentery||5 to 10 days|
|Uterine Prolapse||2 to 12 weeks|
|Rectal prolapse||2 to 12 weeks|
|Frequent urination||1 to 4 weeks|
|Urinary tract infections (pus in urine)||2 to 6 weeks|
|Leucorrhoea||2 to 8 weeks|
|Bleeding Piles||5 to 15 Days|
|Irritable bowel syndrome||1 to 3 months|
Manjakani (Oak Gall) is POSSIBLY SAFE & TOLERABLE in most people within the dosage of Manjakani described above. The maximum dosage should not exceed 6 grams per day.
Side effects of Manjakani
The high doses of Manjakani can cause the following side effects:
- Constipation (common)
- Malnutrition (when used for long-term in high doses): High tannin content when taken in extremely high doses can cause slow absorption of nutrients from the foods, which can cause a deficiency of several nutrients.
- Anemia (when used for long-term in high doses)
The side effects of Manjakani are rare. The most seen adverse effect is constipation when it is used alone. Therefore, it should be used in combination of other remedies.
Pregnancy & Lactation
Manjakani should not be used during pregnancy because it could cause congenital birth defects. The internal use of Manjakani should be avoided by lactating mothers because the safety profile is yet unknown.
Manjakani is not suitable in the following health concerns:
- Excessive vaginal dryness
- Dry Skin
- Skin irritation
- Cuts and rashes
FAQs about Manjakani
Is Manjakani effective for Vaginal Tightening?
However, Manjakani is not used for this purpose traditionally. In traditional medicine, it is used for reducing the watery discharge and mucoidal secretions that occur due to vaginal infections or leucorrhoea. It has a similar action as Triphala does. Washing genitals with Triphala water are advisable for disinfecting. Manjakani decoction is also used in a similar way for getting same benefits. So, it acts on outermost layers, temporarily contracts the cells, reduces watery discharge and mucoidal secretions, eliminates infections due to antimicrobial action, and produces dryness.
Manjakani has an astringent action due to its high tannin content. It can temporarily help to tighten outermost layers of mucosa due to its astringent action that induces temporary cell contraction, which make you feel temporary tightening. These effects are not permanent. It should not be used if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Vaginal dryness
- Vaginal Irritation due to dryness