Rajat Bhasma (also called Chandi Bhasma, Raupya Bhasma and Calcined Silver Ash), is calcified ayurvedic drug used in eye diseases, debility, anal fissure, cough with yellow sputum, frequent urination, jaundice, anemia, enlargement of spleen, liver hypertrophy, fatty liver, oligospermia, physical weakness, epilepsy, hysteria and neurological diseases.

Rajat bhasma is reduced silver nanoparticles used in ayurvedic medicine for various purposes. It is prepared with the technique of extensive oxidation under intense heat. Calcined Silver ash or residue bhasma remains when silver is burned with some herbs especially with limejuice. This Chandi Bhasma is generated under high temperature from pure silver particles. With the process of heating under intense temperature, silver particles are converted into nanoparticles and calcined ash becomes light in weight and floats over the water.

Synonyms

  • Chandi Bhasma
  • Raupya bhasma (also spelled as Roupaya Bhasma and Raupaya Bhasma)
  • Rajata Bhasma (also spelled as Rajatha bhasmam)
  • Silver Bhasma
  • Reduced silver nanoparticles
  • Calcined Silver Ash
  • Calcined Silver

Ingredients (Composition)

Rajat Bhasma (Raupya Bhasma) contains calcined silver (ARGENTUM) particles. In ayurveda, it is called Raupya, Rajata, Rajhatha, or Tara Patra. The fine powder of silver is processed with Lime Juice (Citrus Aurantifolia), then dried and heated under high temperature.

Medicinal Properties of Rajat bhasma

Rajat (Chandi) Bhasma has following medicinal properties:

  1. Rasayana – Rejuvenating, especially for brain and nerves
  2. Nootropic (cognitive enhancer)
  3. Nervine Tonic
  4. Neuroprotective
  5. Anticonvulsant
  6. Antidepressant
  7. Anti-anxiety
  8. Anti-stress
  9. Cardiac tonic
  10. Cardioprotective
  11. Antiarrhythmic
  12. Anti-atherosclerosis
  13. Hematogenic (helps in formation of red blood cells) – when used along with Abhrak Bhasma and Loha Bhasma
  14. Antitussive
  15. Anti-inflammatory
  16. Immunomodulatory
  17. Anti-bacterial
  18. Antimicrobial
  19. Anti-viral
  20. Antacid
  21. Hepatoprotective
  22. Aphrodisiac
  23. Spermatogenic
  24. Nephroprotective
  25. Demulcent
  26. Anti-gangrene

Ayurvedic Properties of Rajat bhasma

Taste (Rasa)Astringent, Sour, Sweet in taste
Main quality (Guna)Smooth, provides strength, Lekhana, sarak,
Potency (Virya)Cool in potency
Resultant of metabolism (Vipaka)Sweet in resultant of metabolism
Dominant impact (Pravav)Strengthening action
Impact on mindCalm the mind

Rajat bhasma’s Impact on bodily humors (Dosha Karma): As per ayurveda, it pacifies the vata humor and pitta humor.

Indications of Rajat Bhasma

Ayurvedic doctors use Rajat Bhasma (Raupaya Bhasma) in following diseases and disorders:

Neurological Diseases

  1. Acute headache
  2. Migraine
  3. Disturbed motor or sensory functions of the brain
  4. Memory loss
  5. Alzheimer’s disease
  6. Parkinson’s Disease
  7. Vertigo
  8. Neurological diseases such as seizures
  9. Wallenberg’s Syndrome
  10. Atrophy of brain
  11. Nystagmus (Involuntary movements of the eyeballs)

Psychological Diseases

  1. Anxiety
  2. Insomnia
  3. Depression
  4. Irritability
  5. Phobias
  6. Schizophrenia
  7. Loss of appetite due to anxiety and stress
  8. Sadness or mental/emotional pain
  9. Stress
  10. Manic depressive illness (bipolar disorder/manic-depressive psychosis)
  11. Hysteria
  12. Violent mental agitation
  13. Violent Emotional outbreaks
  14. ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)

Abdominal Diseases

  1. Loss of appetite due to neurological causes
  2. Hepatomegaly (Liver enlargement)
  3. Fatty liver
  4. Splenomegaly (spleen enlargement)
  5. Anorexia nervosa
  6. Heartburn
  7. Acidity
  8. Peptic & duodenal ulcers

Kidney & Bladder Disorders

  1. Improves kidney functions
  2. Prevents from kidney ailments
  3. Urinary tract infection
  4. Works as antibiotic in UTIs
  5. Syphilis (venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete)
  6. Albuminuria (presence of proteins in urine)

Respiratory Diseases

  1. Dry cough
  2. Cough with yellowish or greenish sputum

Heart & blood vessel diseases

  1. Atherosclerosis
  2. High Cholesterol levels

Men’s Diseases

  1. Male infertility due to pus in seminal fluid (taken with triphala and Dasamoolarishtam)
  2. Impotency
  3. Oligospermia

Skin Diseases

  1. Skin Infections
  2. Gangrene

Women’s diseases

  1. Post partum depression
  2. Premenstrual Syndrome
  3. Menopause symptoms
  4. Pain during love act

Uses of Rajat Bhasma and adjuvants

Diabetes Mellitus

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Ginger juice/liquid extract1 to 5 ml

Frequent urination

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Ginger juice/liquid extract1 to 5 ml
Honey3 grams

Burning sensation in urine (Yellowish urine)

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Cinnamomum1 gram
Cardamom (Elaichi)1 gram
Tejpatra500 mg

Fever in tuberculosis (T.B.)

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Honey3 grams
Trikatu powder500 mg

Cataract

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Loha Bhasma or Kantloha Bhasma125 mg
Honey5 grams
Long pepper250 mg

Acidity, heartburn, ulcer

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Indian Gooseberry (Amla Powder)3 grams
Liquorice powder2 grams

Neurological diseases (including headache, burning sensation, brain diseases)

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Cardamom1 gram
Mishri (Raw sugar)2 grams
Clarified butter (ghee)2 ml

Psychological diseases

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Abhrak Bhasma125 mg
Cardamom1 gram
Bamboo manna (Vanshlochan)1 gram
Giloy Satva1 gram
Honey3 grams

Urinary & kidney diseases

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Psyllium Husk (Isabgol)5 grams
Cow’s milk250 ml
Shilajit (Asphaltum)500 mg

Benefits of Rajat Bhasma (Chandi Bhasma)

Generally, Rajat bhasma or reduced silver nano-particles are used since medieval times in ayurvedic medicines for treating bacterial and viral infections, eyes diseases, anal diseases especially anal fissure, neurological diseases such as Wallenberg’s Syndrome, atrophy of brain, memory loss, Alzheimer’s disease, hysteria, epilepsy, schizophrenia, insomnia, depression.

Chandi Bhasma is also beneficial in impotency, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, problems have symptom of frequent urination, muscular pains, fibromyalgia, atherosclerosis and occlusion of blood vessels.

Furthermore, it also increases glow of skin and face, gives strength to the nerves and muscles and protects blood vessels from deposition of cholesterol plaque.

Paralysis

Rajat bhasma is beneficial in chronic stage of paralysis. It works by strengthening the nerves and by improving the blood circulation in the body.

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis occurs due to inflammation of the blood vessels inner walls. Due to this inflammation, cholesterol, fats, or plaques deposit inside the arterial walls and cause narrowing of the arterial lumen. The role of inflammation in causing atherosclerosis is recently discovered, so cholesterol does not cause the disease itself, but underlying inflammation is responsible factor that cause accumulation of floating cholesterol in the arterial walls.

Rajat bhasma acts as anti-inflammatory, so it reduces arterial inflammation, which is the root cause of the atherosclerosis. Rajat bhasma is a potent ayurvedic drug that can be used safely in atherosclerosis.

Remedies for AtherosclerosisQuantity (for Single Dose)
Rajat Bhasma125 mg
Abhrak Bhasma50 mg
Guggul250 mg
Pushkarmool125 mg
Arjuna500 mg
Shilajit500 mg

Liver disorders

Rajat bhasma improves liver functions by boosting a proper metabolism and helps in reducing toxins accumulation in the liver. However, tamra bhasma is the main drug for the liver disorder in ayurveda, but it stimulates the liver functions and increases the bile secretion. Raupaya bhasma does not work by this way, but it just helps to restore the natural functions of the liver.

Angina pectoris & heart diseases

Rajat bhasma improves the blood supply to the heart and helps to provide sufficient oxygen to the heart. Thus, it helps in chest pain due to angina pectoris and other heart diseases especially coronary heart disease.

Mental Fatigue

Excessive use of the brain, working on computer (computer strain), insomnia, excessive talks, anxiety, worrying, fear etc cause Vata aggravations in the body, which ultimately cause loss of mental power and strength. People suffering from mental strength loss experience vertigo, mental tiredness, strain, mental stress, migraine, hopelessness, headache, and memory loss. Rajat bhasma works in all these conditions due to its strengthening action.

If mental symptoms occur due to the pitta humor, mukta pisti should be added in raupaya bhasma. If symptoms occur due to high blood pressure, shilajit should be used along with rajata bhasma (Chandi Bhasma).

Silver Bhasma125 mg
Mukta Pishti125 mg
Almonds1/2 tsp. Crushed
White pepper125 mg

Hysteria, Epilepsy & Schizophrenia

Rajata bhasma corrects the functions of nerves, neurotransmitters and brain. It also brings harmony in bioelectrical impulses generated from the brain. Therefore, it works well in hysteria, epilepsy and schizophrenia.

Vision Impairment

Sometimes, vision loss occurs due to optic nerve injury, excessive heat, sun heat, excessive computer use, excessive watching television, excessive anger and excessive eye exercises. In this type of vision loss, rajat bhasma is a drug of choice.

Chandi Bhasma also works in acute and chronic conjunctivitis. The following mixture is helpful for the treatment of conjunctivitis.

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Swarn mashik bhasma250 mg
Gandhak Rasayana1000 mg
Praval pishti500 mg

Loss of strength

Ayurveda has many types of medicines that work in loss of physical strength. Sometimes, weakness occurs due to excessive indulgence in physical work. This type of weakness is characterized by symptoms such as burning sensation in urinary tract, agitation, irritability, pain, stiffness of waist etc. In this condition, rajat bhasma is a potent medicine. If patient experience heaviness in the body, loss of entire strength, and incapable in lovemaking, he should given Bang bhasma.

Tuberculosis (T.B.)

However, swarna bhasma is the drug of choice for tuberculosis in ayurveda, but rajat bhasma is given when burning sensation occurs in tuberculosis and patient complains about excessive sweating. In this condition, the following mixture is helpful:

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Swarn bhasma25 mg
Honey3 grams

Anal Fissure

Anal fissure is a fine crack in the outer part of the excretory opening characterized by severe pain, burning sensation, itching and sometimes, bleeding. The following formulation helps in anal fissure.

Rajat Bhasma (Chandi Bhasma)125 mg
Gandhak Rasayan500 mg
Parwal Pisti500 mg
Swet anjana1 gram

This formulation cures the problem of anal fissure permanently. Pilex ointment is also beneficial along with this formula.

Hemorrhoids

There are many remedies in ayurveda for hemorrhoid and rajata bhasma is expensive one, but it is very useful if pain persists and patient does not get relief from other medicine in hemorrhoids.

Gastritis, GERD & Hiatus Hernia

In ayurveda, gastritis or GERD are taken under category of AMALPITTA. When a patient experience burning sensation in chest or abdomen, irritation caused by vagus nerve malfunctions, frequent acid attacks, loss of appetite, indigestion, abdominal pain or symptoms appear due to hiatus hernia, Chandi Bhasma is highly beneficial.

Cough

Chronic Dry Cough

When cough occurs due to throat irritation, commences after itching in the throat, dryness of throat, inflammation of throat or airways, Chandi Bhasma works as panacea in this condition. The rajat bhasma formulation for dry cough is as under:

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Liquorice powder2 grams
Clarified butter (ghee)1 – 3 ml

Cough with yellowish or greenish sputum

If yellowish or greenish sputum comes out along with cough, it indicates chest infection. Rajat bhasma works as antibiotic and gives relief from this type of cough.

Formula:

Rajata Bhasma125 mg
Parwal pisti200 mg
Tankan bhasma125 mg
Shring Bhasma50 mg
Sameerpang Ras25 mg

Anemia

Anemia has many causes and one of them is mental stress, anxiety, constant worrying and anorexia nervosa. Raupya bhasma is helpful in this case.

Formula for anemia:

Rajat Bhasma125 mg
Loha Bhasma50 mg
Swarnmashik bhasma250 mg
Indian Gooseberry (amla powder)2 grams
Punarnava1 gram

Gangrene

Rajat Bhasma (Chandi Bhasma) is an excellent remedy for the gangrene. It prevents decaying of the skin tissue and helps in healing the gangrenous tissue.

Some patients experience intense pain and burning sensation on the skin affected with gangrene formation. Raupya bhasm helps to reduce these symptoms. Due to anti-microbial effects of Chandi Bhasma, it can helps in the treatment of gangrene.

Formulation for gangrene

Rajat Bhasma125 mg
Cardamom1 gram
Bamboo manna1 gram
Indian gooseberry1 gram
Giloy Satva1 gram
Chopchinyadi churna2 grams

The above mixture should be given three a day for the best results.

Rajat Bhasma Dosage & Administration

Children (Under 5)1 mg per Kg Body weight, but should not exceed 30 mg in a single dose and 60 mg per day
Children (Above 5)30 to 65 mg
Adults65 to 125 mg
Maximum Possible Dosage250 mg per day (in divided doses)

How to Take Rajat Bhasma

Doses (how many times should I take?)Twice daily
Right Time (When should I take?)Before a meal

Adjuvants

Adjuvants are specific for Rajat Bhasma according to health conditions. A brief information is as below:

Vata DisordersAbhrak Bhasma, Vanshlochan, Green cardamom seeds (Elaichi Beej), Giloy Satva, Honey
Pitta DisordersAmla Murabba or Gulkand
Vata-Pitta DisordersTriphala Powder
Mental Disorders, Headache, Fever, Burning sensationGreen cardamom seeds (Elachi Beej) + Cow’s Ghee + Misri
Fever in TuberculosisTrikatu Churna + Honey
Urinary Disorders and DiabetesAbhrak Bhasma + Ginger Juice
Glaucoma Loha Bhasma + Pippali Churna (Long Pepper Powder) + Honey
Eye DisordersTriphala Ghrita
Non-productive and persistent CoughButter
AnemiaTrikatu Churna
Liver and Spleen EnlargementMandur Bhasma
PilesPsyllium Husk
Nervine Weakness and Mental FatigueAshwagandha
SyphilisShilajit

Side Effects

There are no side effects observed since medieval times. It is well tolerable almost in all cases and patients.

Note: There is a rare disease named as argyria, which is caused by over dose of poor quality of colloidal silver. This is only side effect but it is with poor quality of colloidal silver. Reduced silver nano-particles or rajata bhasma are entirely different from colloidal silver. This side effect is not observed with the use of reduced silver nano-particles or rajata bhasma. However, dose that exceeds from 375 mg is not recommended in any case or any condition. Reduced silver or rajata bhasma works better at low doses.

References

  1. Ras Tantra Saar
  2. Ayurved Saar Sangreh
  3. Research conducted at Department of Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA has concluded that reduced silver nano-particles possess potent anti-microbial properties. Participated scientists are Kemp MM, Kumar A, Clement D, Ajayan P, Mousa S, Linhardt RJ.