Asava & Arishta

Saraswatarishta (Saraswatharishtam): Excellent Tonic for Memory & Immunity Booster

The health benefits of Saraswatarishta include prevention of mental disorders. It is the most common ayurvedic medicine used for the treatment of neurological and psychological disorders. It is also used as a brain tonic, which helps to lower the risk of suffering from memory loss, dysfunction of the immune system, menstrual disorders, and semen problems.

Saraswatarishta (Saraswatharishtam) increases memory, attention span, concentration, intelligence, mental stamina and glow on the face. It decreases stress and mental fatigue. In ayurvedic medicine, it is helpful in treatment and management of depression, insomnia, anxiety, ADHD, heart diseases, loss of desire to eat, restlessness, vertigo etc.


The main ingredient of Saraswatarishta is Brahmi (Water Hyssop, botanically Bacopa Monnieri). In combination with other herbs and Swarna (Gold), the formulation becomes effective in many mental, neurological and heart disorders having potential health benefits.

IngredientsQuantity Used for Preparation
Herbs for Decoction
Brahmi (Water Hyssop) -Bacopa Monnieri1 kg
Shatavari – Asparagus Racemosa250 grams
Vidarikand (Kudzu) – Pueraria Tuberosa250 grams
Haritaki – Terminalia Chebula250 grams
Ushira (Khas) – Vetiveria Zizanioides250 grams
Sonth (Ginger) – Zingiber Officinale250 grams
Saunf (Fennel) – Foeniculum Vulgare250 grams
Water for Decoction12.8 litres
All above herbs are added in water and decoction is prepared reducing it to 1/4 i.e. 12.8 litres water is reduced to 3.2 litres water for Saraswatarishta.
After cooling, the following ingredients are added and mixed in the decoction:
Honey or Old Jaggery500 grams
Sugar1 kg
Dhataki – Woodfordia Fruticosa250 grams
Nirgundi Seeds (Renuka) – Vitex Negundo12.5 grams
Pippali (Long Pepper) – Piper Longum12.5 grams
Trivrit – Operculina Turpethum12.5 grams
Laung (Clove) – Syzygium Aromaticum12.5 grams
Vacha – Acorus Calamus12.5 grams
Kushta – Saussurea Lappa12.5 grams
Ashwagandha – Withania Somnifera12.5 grams
Bibhitaki – Terminalia Bellerica12.5 grams
Guduchi (Giloy) – Tinospora Cordifolia12.5 grams
Elaichi (Cardamom) – Elettaria Cardamomum12.5 grams
Vaividang – Embelia Ribes12.5 grams
Dalchini (Cinnamon) – Cinnamomum Zeylanicum12.5 grams
Gold Leaf12.5 grams
Reference: Ratio of Saraswatarishta formulation is as described in Ayurveda Classical Text Bhaishajya Ratnavali, Chapter 73, RASAYANA PRAKARANA, Verse 182 to 196

Saraswatharishtam with Gold

The formulation is prepared in gold vessel or in earthen vessel in which gold is added. This formulation is called Saraswatharishtam with Gold or Saraswatarishta Swarna Yakut. The real formulation suggests using gold during preparation for maximum health benefits, but nowadays, due to high price of Saraswatarishta with gold, pharmacies start preparing Saraswatarishta without using gold. Both types are available in the market.

Saraswatarishta without Gold

Saraswatarishta is also available without gold, which is likely to be less effective than gold preparation.

Medicinal Properties

  1. Anti-Depressive
  2. Anti-stress
  3. Anti-aging
  4. Antioxidant
  5. Anti-Inflammatory
  6. Anti-Dopaminergic Effects (due to Bacopa, so it is useful in drug dependence
  7. Neuro-protective
  8. Anti-dementia
  9. Anxiolytic or anti-anxiety
  10. Anticonvulsant
  11. Analgesic
  12. Adaptogenic
  13. Anti-neoplastic
  14. Immuno-stimulatory
  15. Potential cognitive enhancer
  16. Cardioprotective and cardio tonic
  17. Hepatoprotective


  1. Depression
  2. Amnesia (Retrograde & Anterograde both)
  3. Alzheimer’s Disease
  4. Insomnia
  5. Memory Loss
  6. All Types Of Mood Disorders
  7. Stuttering (Stammering Disorder) – Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder
  8. Cardiac Arrhythmia
  9. Male Hypogonadism
  10. Female Hypogonadism

It is beneficial in following symptoms:

  • Angry Outbursts
  • Agitation
  • Restlessness
  • Aggressive Behavior
  • Frustration
  • Forgetfulness
  • Feelings of sadness
  • Hopelessness
  • Feeling of emptiness
  • Feeling of fearfulness
  • Irritability
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Unexplained tiredness
  • Lack of energy even after small tasks
  • Abnormal body movements
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Trouble thinking
  • Reduced concentration
  • Trouble while making decisions
  • Difficulty in remembering things
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Psychosomatic symptoms like unexplained physical problems, headache, or pain

In addition to these health conditions and symptoms, it is beneficial as tonic for following purposes:

  1. To enhance memory
  2. To increase concentration
  3. To boost retention power
  4. To reduce mental fatigue
  5. To improve quality of sleep
  6. To increase non-specific immunity in children and adults
  7. To improve voice
  8. To improve singing voice quality

Saraswatarishta Benefits & Uses

It has effect on brain, nerves, mind, heart, vocal cord, ovaries and testes. Therefore, Saraswatharishtam is beneficial in diseases of these organs. However, the main impact is observable on Vata Dosha, but is a balanced formulation, so it can be helpful to all people with diseases indicated in therapeutic indication section.

Major Benefits

  • Increases memory
  • Reduces stress
  • Boosts mental capabilities and intelligence
  • Tonifies nerves
  • Improves voice
  • Increases fertility in both women and men
  • Alleviates stress and produces calmness in the mind

Rasayana (Rejuvenation)

In ayurveda, Saraswatarishta is also taken as Rasayana, which means it can be consumed without any restriction throughout the life for improving general well-being and increasing life span. It increases feeling of calmness, mental peace, joy, satisfaction, patience, and memory. It also stimulates non-specific immunity, which helps protecting a several types of viral, bacterial and other diseases.

Singers can use it for improving voice quality and preventing any damage to vocal cord due to overuse.

Many people who use their mind at maximum levels in thinking, researching, and studying, learning, memorizing, working at night can get benefits from Saraswatharishtam to increase their mental potential.

Depression & Anxiety

Bacopa Monnieri, its main ingredient, is found decreasing anxiety and depression with significant effect. Alkaloids of Brahmi have shown potent anti-depressant and anti-anxiety effects. (1, 2)

Saraswatharishtam is a drug of choice for depression in ayurveda. It produces feeling of well-being, happiness and joy. It calms the mind and releases negative energies from the mind. Person has any symptom of depression or symptoms as explained in Therapeutic Indications can get benefits from it.

It is helpful in all following depression symptoms:

  1. Agitation
  2. Angry Outbursts
  3. Feeling of emptiness
  4. Feeling of fearfulness
  5. Feelings of sadness
  6. Forgetfulness
  7. Frustration
  8. Hopelessness
  9. Irritability
  10. Loss of interest in daily activities
  11. Psychosomatic symptoms like unexplained physical problems, headache, or pain
  12. Restlessness
  13. Suicidal thoughts
  14. Trouble while making decisions
  15. Unexplained tiredness

It reduces following anxiety symptoms significantly:

  1. Breathing rapidly
  2. Feeling weak
  3. Feeling nervous
  4. Feeling powerless
  5. Feeling tired
  6. Increased heart rate due anxiety
  7. Sweating
  8. Trembling
  9. Trouble concentrating


It is beneficial for people with sleep disturbance of sleeplessness. Brahmi in Saraswatarishta improves sleep quality and increase duration of nighttime sleep. (3)

Memory Loss & Forgetfulness

It increases memory and helps in problems like memory loss, forgetfulness and trouble in remembering things. This effect appears due to Brahmi, Vacha, Ashwagandha and Gold.

Stuttering (Stammering Disorder)

It is highly beneficial for people with stuttering (Stammering Disorder or Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder). Alone Saraswatharishtam is beneficial in such case, but it should be used more than 6 months continuously.

Cardiac Arrhythmia

Along with Yakuti Rasayan, or Jawahar Mohra or other cardioprotective preparation, Saraswatarishta gold provides stability in heart rate and prevents tachycardia and bradycardia.


Saraswatarishta along with Makardhwaj (or Siddha Makardhwaj) and Vanga (Bang) Bhasma is beneficial in both cases of male and female hypogonadism. It is likely to increased diminished hormone biosynthesis from the ovaries and testes in female and male respectively.

Menopause Symptoms

It is not only beneficial during menopause, but it is also very helpful in perimenopause (before menopause) and after menopause (post-menopause). It reduces following symptoms:

  1. Hot Flashes
  2. Mood Swings
  3. Sleep disturbance
  4. Difficult Concentrating
  5. Dizziness
  6. Memory Lapses
  7. Irritability
  8. Headaches
  9. Night Sweats
  10. Loss of Libido
  11. Fatigue
  12. Irregular Heartbeat
  13. Depression
  14. Anxiety
  15. Panic Disorder
  16. Electric Shocks
  17. Muscle Tension
  18. Tingling Extremities

For reducing symptoms of menopause, the following combination is also beneficial along with Saraswatharishtam.

Mukta Pishti125 mg
Praval Pishti500 mg
Swarna Makshik Bhasma125 mg
Amalaki Rasayan250 mg
Shatavari Churna250 mg

Saraswatarishta Dosage

In the market, two types of formulations available:

  1. Saraswatarishta (with gold)
  2. Saraswatarishta (without gold)

The dosage also differs for each preparation due to gold content.

Saraswatarishta (with gold) dosage

The general dosage of Saraswatarishta is as follows.
Children1.5 to 6 ml
Adults3 to 12 ml
Maximum Possible Dosage24 ml Per Day (in divided doses)
Doses: Twice a day with the equal amount of water
Best Time to Take: After Food

The classical dosage is 4 ml twice daily, according to Bhaishajya Ratnavali for Saraswatarishta gold.

In some patients, this dosage does not provide the desired results. In such cases, the dosage can be increased up to 12 ml twice daily. However, dosage should be increased gradually over several days. So, it needs to start with 3 to 6 ml. After a few days, the dosage can be increased up to 12 ml twice daily.

Saraswatarishta (without gold) dosage

Children3 to 12 ml
Adults12 to 24 ml
Maximum Possible Dosage48 ml Per Day (in divided doses)

How to Take

How many times should I take?Twice Daily
When should I take?After meal, breakfast, and dinner
AdjuvantsTake it with an equal amount of water

Note: In case of child, the quantity of water can be increased if he dislike its taste.


Saraswatharishtam is considerably safe in the recommended dosage. The long-term use is also likely safe.

Saraswatharishtam Side Effects

However, there are no side effects reported in most of individual using Saraswatharishtam. Headache may occur in rare cases if Saraswatarishta is taken in higher dosage, especially on empty stomach. Our two patients have reported this side effect in our 6 years clinical practice.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Saraswatarishta (Saraswatharishtam) is not recommendable in pregnancy as a tonic. However, it can be used in pregnant women having severe depression or other mood disorders.

Nursing mothers should take it under supervision of ayurvedic doctor in optimum adult dosage safely without any side effect on breast-fed babies.


There are no absolute contraindications for Saraswatharishtam.

Can diabetic patient take Saraswatarishta?

People with diabetes should check blood sugar level while taking Saraswatarishta for precautionary purpose. It contains sugar content. However, the amount of sugar content in 4 ml Saraswatarishta is insignificant to cause elevation in blood glucose level. Therefore, it is likely safe for diabetic people as well.


Saraswatarishta (with Gold)

  1. Nagarjuna
  2. AVP

Saraswatarishta (without Gold)

  • Baidyanath
  • Sandu

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  1. DEAR SIR,

    Saraswatharista is useful to my eight-year-old daughter. She is having difficulty in speaking difficult words and in singing. Hard words are not coming for her at present.
    She has completed one bottle of 450 ml. She is showing improvement now. My question is how long we can give this syrup to her to get full recovery please reply.



  2. My wife suffers from Alzheimer/Dementia. Will Saraswatarishta be ok for her under consultation from an Ayurvedic doctor?

    Thanks n regards
    Claude E A Gomes

    1. There is no treatment duration specified for Saraswatarishta for depression. It can be taken up to the complete remission of all symptoms. The long-term use of Saraswatarishta is considerably safe.

  3. Hello Sir,

    Does Patanjali Saraswatharishtam contain gold. Does it contain bacopa or centella. There is no mention of the ingredients on the bottle.

    Please advise which is the best brand for this medicine and would long term use of this have any negetive impact on male libido and erections.

    thanks you.

  4. Is it safe to take Saraswatarishta and Ashwagandharishta both in my day-to-day life?
    Please let me know is it safe to take them together and in what quantity?

    1. Yes, Saraswatarishta and Ashwagandharishta can be taken together without any side effects. The quantity should be same as recommended i.e. 4 teaspoons of each in 8 teaspoons of water after food.

  5. How does Saraswatarishta help in migraine when have no problem of memory or mental problem?

    1. Saraswatarishta has calming effect on the brain, which reduces excitability of the nerve cells and modulates the neurotransmitter balance in the brain. As per ayurveda, it is likely to give strength to the neurons and improves their functions. Through these effects, it reduces migraine symptoms.

  6. Please provide some brands and companies who deal with this medicine.
    How long can it take to cure speech and stammering problems?

        1. Saraswatarishta with gold is more effective. The actual formula includes Gold as an important ingredient in it. Saraswatarishta without gold is just prepared for poor people who cannot purchase the gold product.

  7. Please let me know if Saraswatarishta can be given and in which quantity to a 6 and half year boy suffering from cytomegalovirus as the child has almost lost speech power and finding difficult to recognize anyone.
    Please advice.

    1. I am not sure because I have never treated such case. However, it is safe to use and best to try once for 3 months. If you see any improvement, you could continue, or otherwise stop.

  8. I have memory problem, unable to concentrate, indecisive, difficulty in understanding something. It took time to understand something (slow mental processing).

    I have been taking Dabur Stresscom Capsules, Dabur Smritisagar Ras and Saraswatarishta from 15 days. How long should I take these medicines?

    At what time will i see its result?

  9. Hi Sir,
    My son has mild autism. He is not hyper active, but very behind cognitively and do not have language (Has speech). Please suggest if Saraswatharishtam (AVP) – No Mandukaparni in this preparation is better than MENTAT DS (Himalayas) this has mandukaparni, but no vacha.

    Please suggest if we can give brahmi ghee as well with this he is 5 years old.

    Many thanks in advance for your valuable advise.

  10. Dear Sir, I have problem of tinnitus in head (continues 24×7 ringing in top (little back) of head) from 4 years, I tried many medicines but no one is effective. Now from 1 week I start gym but after cardio exercise I feel vomit type feel & some numbness at tinnitus sound area. Can you please advise that should I start Saraswatarishta with gold?

  11. sir,
    my son age is 14 years, he is suffering from ADHD problem..sometime he was quite another five minutes he behaving like depression. iam giving Saraswatharishtam 2 bottle finished.but he is not concentrating the subject.only playing. he was not able to read and write.can u suggest me a solution

  12. SIR,


  13. My 4.7 son has autism. his speech/ pronunciation is not clear, we struggle to understand what he says.

    Currently he is taking multiple dietary supplement like fish oil, vitamin c, vitamin B1, B2 ,b6 ,zinc and magnesium.

    Would it be advisable to start Saraswatharishta alongwith above mentioned supplement ? Please prescribe the dose.

  14. sir,
    If we consume gold for a long period which can lead to cirrhosis of liver, it is given in medical books. Is it corrrect?

    1. In ayurvedic medicines, gold is processed with different methods, which are not similar to gold compounds used in modern medicine (allopathy). These studies are not applicable to ayurvedic medicines. The more research studies are needed to check the side effects of gold in the ayurvedic medicines.

      Most common belief is gold in form of Bhasma or addition in asava or arishta does not likely to cause any side effects because of nanoparticle nature of the metal that achieve during traditional processing of medicines. Due to this processing, metals generally lose their metallic properties.

  15. I m having sleep problem since last one month and some time with anxiety and fear of suffocating. What should I take? Please suggest.

  16. my wife is suffering from Schizophrenia for last 4 years. She listen voices. Is Saraswatarishta is useful to cure this disease.
    please suggest me and advice the dosage.

  17. Hallo doctor I am nursing mother of 1 and half month baby. I am in sever depression and soon gets anger in its high peak. can i take Saraswatarishta with gold for my anger behavior and sadness and depression. Please suggest me correct dosage

  18. Hallo doctor, my son is also very weak. He is 10 years old and weight is 27. He does not eat proper food. He has a Low appetite. I am giving him brahmi ghritam morning time for memory boost and for concentration. Can I give him Saraswatarishta for the weak body? Can I continue brahmi ghritam with it? This medicine I mean can I give both medicines in a different time?

      1. Thank you doctor for your prompt response. For how many days does I continue Ashwagandharishta for my son. What is the correct dosage, also can I give this medicine at night time

  19. Doctor My daughter aged 7yrs has lack of concentration and little of ADHD and learning disability. Can we give her Saraswatarishtam, If so what’s the dosage

  20. My baby girl is 2 months old and when can i start saraswatarishtam and what will be the benefit. And when to start Brahmigritham pls reply dr

  21. For Saraswatharishtam for adults, here you’ve suggested 4 ml with water. However, the bottle says 25 ml. Spoken to doc in Nagarjuna clinic, who too suggests 25-30 ml without water. Kindly clarify. Thanks

    1. The dosage described in the article is applicable to Saraswatarishta gold, which contains Gold (Swarna). It is the classical dosage described in Bhaishajya Ratnavali for Saraswatarishta gold.

      However, it can be taken up to 5 ml twice daily and the dosage can be increased over several days to 10 ml twice daily. But in excess dosage, it causes mouth ulcers in some cases.

      The dosage recommended by your physician is applicable to Saraswatarishta without gold, which does not contain gold particles.

      We can’t imagine why your doctor has recommended it without water. The standard method in all classical texts is to take it with equal amount of water.

  22. Hello sir, I am venkatesh age 22. I have taken saraswatharistam for my memory. but it has a side effect on me that my stomach. that it became un stable. de active, weak, felling full. before I take this, I was feeling free. plz suggest to get rid of this effect from my body

  23. Sir. Actually, it is observed on my stomach. I have this effect for 6 months. I am very active before I take this medicine. So that I am asking about another product which can make me free from this effect.

    1. You should go for complete ayurvedic consultation to find the most suitable remedy for you. As you discussed, the best herb that might help in your all problems is Vacha.

  24. Sir, thanks for u r kind. I will go according to you bt if at all is not been cured can i consult you. Or give me a consultency name in hyd which may suitable for me. Thank you. Venkatesh.

  25. I am a civil service aspirant who wants to improve memory power…has been consuming brahmi grutham for last 5 months…….now switching over to swasatharishtam….

    is it safe to take both?
    will saraswaharishtam be beneficial?

  26. My four years old daughter has symptoms similar to Restless Leg Syndrome. She keeps on twitching her feet and palms during sleep and says she feels her feet cold. Kid is not getting proper sleep due to this. Can Saraswatharishtam be given to her and if yes in what dosage and for what duration?

  27. Can I take arjunarishta and saraswatarishta together at a same time? for example Can I take 20 ml of Arjuna and 20ml of Sarawata just after my mean together?

  28. Dear sir. My son is 3 year 10 months old. He has mental retardation. We are giving Encorate syrup from doctor advice. From yesterday we start given to saraswatarishta. Shall we continue Encorate or not?

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