Vati & Gutika

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati (also called Sarpagandhadi Gutika) is an ayurvedic formulation used for the management of hypertension (high blood pressure), insomnia (sleeplessness), alcoholism, tachycardia, and albuminuria.

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati Ingredients

Ingredients Quantity
Rauwolfia Serpentina Root Powder (Sarpagandha Churna) 10 Parts
Hyoscyamus Niger – Khurasani Ajwain 2 Parts
Nardostachys Jatamansi – Jatamansi root powder 1 Part
Cannabis Sativa – Bhang 1 Part
Water 8 Times of Above Mixture
The decoction is prepared using above ingredients and water is reduced to one-eighth. It the liquid is filtered and again heated to make a thick paste. Then Piplamool Churna is added in the paste and tablets are formed.
Piper Longum roots – Piplamool 1/5 Part

Pharmacological Actions

Ingredients in Sarpagandha Ghan Vati act on the nervous system. It reduces blood pressure and heart rate.

Therefore, it is useful for the management of hypertension. It also has soothing and calming effects on the mind, which helps to induce sleep.

Medicinal Properties

  1. Antihypertensive
  2. Antipsychotic (neuroleptic)
  3. Hypnotic
  4. Sedative
  5. Anti-anxiety
  6. Anti-diuretic
  7. Digestive stimulant

Ayurvedic Properties

RASA (Taste) Mainly TIKTA (Bitter)
GUNA (Main Quality) RUKSHA (Dry), LAGHU (Light)
VIRYA (Potency) USHNA (Hot)
VIPAKA (Resultant) KATU (Pungent)
PRABHAVA (Action) Hypnotic
DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors) Pacifies mainly VATA DOSHA and then KAPHA DOSHA. It may increase PITTA DOSHA.
Dhatu (Tissue) Effect RASA, RAKTA, MEDAS
Organs Effect Nerves, Blood Vessels, Heart, Uterus, Kidneys
Main Indication Insomnia & Hypertension

Therapeutic Indications

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is indicated in the following health conditions:

  • Insomnia (Sleeplessness)
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • Tachycardia
  • Albuminuria
  • Alcoholism & Hangover

Benefits & Medicinal Uses

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is mainly used for inducing sleep and reducing blood pressure, so it has two main indications – insomnia and hypertension.


Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is highly useful for the treatment of insomnia (sleeplessness) occurring due to unusual excitability or hyper-excitability of the mind, which may be because of an alcoholic hangover,   mental disorders, medicines, etc. It calms the mind and reduces hyper-excitability, thus bring on the sleep. In severe cases of insomnia, it should be used along with nervine tonic herbs like Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola), Convolvulus Pluricaulis (Shankhpushpi), and Mukta Pishti.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Rauwolfia Serpentina, the main ingredient of Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is well-known medicine for reducing elevated blood pressure and other ingredients provide support by calming the mind and reducing the hyperexcitability of the nervous system. Its effects are long lasting, but it may take 7 to 15 days to show optimum results. (Also Read: Ayurvedic Medicine for High BP)

Dosage & Administration

The general dosage of Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is as follows.
Children 250 mg (1 tablet) *
Adults 500 mg to 750 mg (2 to 3 Tablets) *
Maximum Possible Dosage 1.5 grams Per Day (in divided doses) **
* Once or Twice a day
** The maximum dosage of Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is a general estimate.
Adjuvants: Cow’s Milk, Rose Distillate (Gulab Arq), or Water
Best Time to Take: 2 Hours Before Bedtime, After food
Insomnia: Once Daily – 2 Hours Before Bedtime
Hypertension: Twice daily – After food in the morning & 2 Hours Before Bedtime

Safety Profile

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is well-tolerated in most individuals in the recommended dosage. It may also cause some side effects, which should be discussed with a physician.

Side Effects of Sarpagandha Ghan Vati

Sarpagandha Ghan Vati can cause following side effects.

  • Dryness of the mouth (Most Common)
  • Stuffy nose or Nasal Congestion (Most Common)


Sarpagandha Ghan Vati is likely UNSAFE during pregnancy because alkaloids in Sarpagandha (its ingredient) can pass through the placental barrier and cause ill effects and birth defects in developing fetus.  Therefore, all forms of Sarpagandha Ghan Vati should be avoided during pregnancy.


Sarpagandha Ghan Vati should also not be used by lactating mothers. The alkaloids of Sarpagandha in it can pass into breast milk and cause loss of appetite, breathing difficulty and low body temperature in breastfeeding baby.


Sarpagandha Ghan Vati should not be used in the following health conditions:

  • Bradycardia (slow heartbeat)
  • Hypotension
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease – ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
  • Gastritis (it should not be used alone with water)
  • Peptic Ulcers
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Depression

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants) is an Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). Ayur Times is an initiative of his efforts to bring quality information on Indian Medicine with the highest level of relevancy and scientific evidence.

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    1. Ingredients of Sarpagandha Ghan Vati are based on Siddha Yoga Sangraha.

      In this article, all views, thoughts or concepts are of the author (mine). There is no source used to write this article.

  1. sir
    do the sarpagandha capsule available in the markets have the same therapeutic value as the sarpagandha ghana vati. or which manufactures product should we follow for better and safe results.

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