Bhasma & Pishti

Swarna Makshik Bhasma

Swarna Makshik Bhasma (Swarnamakshik Bhasma) contains nutrients like iron and copper. These nutrients are essential for many biological functions in the body. Copper and iron both are essential for forming Red blood cells (erythrocytes). Copper aids in the absorption of iron in the body and iron is essential for formation of hemoglobin.

Swarna Makshik Bhasma is an ayurvedic medicine has all nutritional benefits of copper and iron. In addition, it is also important therapeutically in the treatment of anemia, jaundice, insomnia, chronic low grade fever, burning sensation in the eyes, heartburn, burning micturation, bleeding piles, nausea, vomiting, headache with pulsating pain or feeling of burning sensation or heat, itching, leucorrhoea, and other abdominal diseases.

Ingredients (Composition)

Swarna Makshik (Chalcopyrite or copper iron sulphide in English) is the primary ingredient Swarnamakshik Bhasma. It is processed in KULTHI (Horse gram) decoction, castor oil and buttermilk and then prepared dried under sun and heated under high temperature.

Chemical Composition

Swarna Makshik or Chalcopyrite is composed of mainly following elements:

  1. Copper
  2. Iron
  3. Sulfur

So, the raw Swarna Makshik has Chemical formula of Chalcopyrite, which is CuFeS2.

According to X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis of prepared Swarna Makshik Bhasma, it contains:

Chemical NameChemical Formula
Ferrous oxide of IronFe2O3
Iron(III) sulfide (ferric sulfide)FeS2
Copper sulfideCuS
Silicon dioxideSiO2

Medicinal Properties & Pharmacodynamics

Swarna Makshik Bhasma has following medicinal properties.

  • Haematinic (increases hemoglobin levels)
  • Hematogenic (helps in formation of red blood cells)
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antacid
  • Anthelmintic
  • Antidepressant
  • Antihypertensive
  • Antipruritic
  • Antiulcerogenic
  • Febrifuge

Ayurvedic Properties

Taste – RASAMADHURA (Sweet), TIKTA (Bitter) & KASAYA (Astringent)
Main Quality – GUNALAGHU (Light)
Potency – VIRYASHEETA (Cold)
Resultant – VIPAKAMADHURA (Sweet)
DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)Pacifies all three dosha (Tridosha), but it is more beneficial in Pitta Dosha and then Kapha Dosha dominance.
Therapeutic Effect – PRABHAVARasayana (Rejuvenation) & Vrishaya (Aphrodisiac)
Dhatu (Tissue) EffectRASA, RAKTA & MAJJA
Beneficial for OrgansStomach, Liver, Intestine, Heart, Testes, Mind

Therapeutic Indications

Swarna Makshik Bhasma is helpful in following health conditions.

Heart & Blood

  • Anemia
  • Palpitation
  • High blood pressure

Mind & Brain

  • Insomnia
  • Headache with pulsating pain or feeling of burning sensation or heat
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

Digestive Health

  • Hyperacidity with sour taste in the mouth
  • Chronic Gastritis
  • Heartburn
  • Hepatitis
  • Jaundice
  • Mouth ulcer
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Peptic Ulcer
  • Ulcerative colitis

Women Health

  • Leucorrhoea
  • Membranous dysmenorrhea


  • Vertigo
  • Heat sensation
  • Burning sensation
  • Chronic low grade fever
  • Burning sensation in the eyes
  • Burning micturation
  • Bleeding piles
  • Itching

Dosage & Administration

The general dosage of Swarna Makshik Bhasma is as follows.
Infants & Children2.5 mg per Kg body Weight, but the maximum dosage should not exceed from 250 mg per day.
Adults (19 to 60 yrs)125 to 375 mg
Geriatric (above 60 yrs)125 to 375 mg
Pregnancy125 mg
Lactation125 to 375 mg
Twice a day with appropriate adjuvant
Maximum Possible Dosage750 mg Per Day (in divided doses)
When to Take: After Food

Best Adjuvants

The best suitable Adjuvants for Swarna Makshik Bhasma according to diseases are as follows:

Health ConditionAdjuvants
Chicken PoxKanchanar Decoction
JaundiceLong Pepper + Honey or Radish Juice
Nocturnal EmissionMisri (Crystalline Sugar)
Chronic FeverSitopaladi Churna or Misri (Crystalline Sugar) + Honey
Nausea & VomitingJeera (Cumin), Misri (Crystalline Sugar) + Honey
InsomniaAmla Murabba
Weakness & DebilityCow’s Milk

Ayurvedic Formulations of Swarna Makshik Bhasma

  • Tapyadi Loha

Safety Profile

Swarna Makshik Bhasma is considerably safe for most individuals when Swarnamakshik Bhasma is taken under professional supervision and within its recommended dosage as per ayurveda.

Side Effects

There is no side effect observed with the recommended dosage of Swarna Makshik Bhasma.

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants) is an Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). Ayur Times is an initiative of his efforts to bring quality information on Indian Medicine with the highest level of relevancy and scientific evidence.

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    1. It depends on for which condition it is being used. If you take Swarnamashik Bhasma for anemia, then 3 months therapy is required. However, if you take it for gastritis, hyperacidity, vertigo etc., then you may not require it more than 2 to 4 weeks.

  1. Before 9 months, I have found Sarcoidosis (is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas. The disease usually begins in the lungs, skin, or lymph nodes.) in Biopsy. Doctor says just wait and see. I take : kanchanar-guggulu+vridhivadhika vati+swarn masik bhasma+siddhamakar dhoj+sitopaladi churna+shringa bhasma+shringarabhra ras mix and take twice a day. after 7 months. In follow-up, nothing reduce, like before. I have same pain in chest. Any suggest for me…

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