Asava & Arishta

Takrarishta (Ayurvedic Fermented Buttermilk Formulation)

Takrarishta is an ayurvedic classical formulation based on buttermilk. Its main action is observed on digestive system including stomach, intestines and liver. It is carminative, astringent, stool binder and appetizer. Takrarishta is mainly used for chronic diarrhea and bowel disturbances including irritable bowel syndrome. A unique formulation described in ARSHA Chikitsa by Charaka is also used in the treatment of piles or hemorrhoids.

Ingredients (Composition)

The Charaka has described two separate formulations of Takrarishta –

  1. ARSHA Chikitsa, Chapter 14, Verse 72 to 75
  2. GRAHANI Chikitsa, Chapter 15, Verse 120-121

The following formulation of Takrarishta is described in Charaka Samhita (ARSHA Chikitsa).

Ingredient NameRatio (In %age)Quantity (In Grams)
Buttermilk – Takra84.21%3.072 liter
Carum Roxburghianum – Celery Seeds (Ajmoda)1.32%48 grams
Trachyspermum Ammi – Ajwain1.32%48 grams
Plumbago Zeylanica – Chitrak1.32%48 grams
Piper Longum Roots – Pippali Mool1.32%48 grams
Piper Longum – Pippali1.32%48 grams
Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) – Dhania1.32%48 grams
Pothos Scandens – Gaja Pippali1.32%48 grams
Hedychium Spicatum – Kapoor Kachri1.32%48 grams
Carum Carvi – Caraway – Kala Jeera1.32%48 grams
Cuminum Cyminum – Cumin – Jeera1.32%48 grams
Nigella Sativa – Kalonji1.32%48 grams
Juniperus Communis – Hapusha1.32%48 grams

The following formulation of Takrarishta is described in Bhaishajya Ratnavali and Charaka Samhita (GRAHNI Chikitsa). This formulation is commonly available in the market. It is also called Takrasava.

Ingredient NameRatio (In %age)Quantity (In Grams)
Buttermilk – Takra79%3.072 liter
Trachyspermum Ammi – Ajwain3.7%144 grams
Emblica officinalisAmla3.7%144 grams
Terminalia Chebula – Haritaki3.7%144 grams
Piper Nigrum – Black Pepper (Maricha)3.7%144 grams
Rock Salt – Saindhava Lavana (Sendha Namak)1.23%48 grams
Sea Salt – Samudri Namak1.23%48 grams
Vida Lavana1.23%48 grams
Sauvarchala Lavana – Sochal Salt1.23%48 grams
Romaka Lavana – Sambhar Salt1.23%48 grams
  • Mix all ingredients in 3 litres buttermilk.
  • Put the mixture in earthen pot/vessel.
  • Keep the mixture in under sun for 21 days.
  • After that strain the mixture, separate the liquid, and discard residues.
  • Keep the liquid in glass bottles. It is Takrarishta.

Medicinal Properties

Takrarishta has following healing properties.

  1. Aam Pachak (Detoxifier)
  2. Stool Binder
  3. Appetizer & Digestive Stimulant
  4. Carminative
  5. Astringent action
  6. Acidic
  7. Pungent and sour taste

Mechanism of Action

Takrarishta increases digestive juices secretion and stimulates appetite. The main property of Takrarishta is stool binding. It binds the stool and reduces the frequency of loose stools.

According to ayurveda, it mainly acts on KAPHA and VATA. Thus, it is more effective in loose stools with mucus content or passing stools with gas. It may also be beneficial in SAMA PITTA in which person passes foul smelly stools with mucus content.

Takrarishta also has increases digestive juices, so it may not beneficial in people with NIRAMA PITTA with symptoms like burning sensation, heartburn, acidity and epigastric tenderness.

Therapeutic Indications

Takrarishta has main three indications:

  1. Loose stools – diarrhea
  2. Bowel disturbances including Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  3. Piles (Formulation described in ARSHA Chikitsa By Charaka is useful)

Secondarily, Takrarishta may also be useful for –

  • Increasing appetite
  • Intestinal weakness
  • Flatulence
  • Abdominal distension
  • Heaviness in the abdomen
  • Edema
  • Urinary disorders

Benefits & Medicinal uses

Takrarishta is mainly effective in Hemorrhoids and Digestive ailment.


According to ayurveda, Takrarishta is effective in VATA and KAPHA dominating ARSHA. According to Charaka Samhita, patients with low digestive fire should only use Buttermilk or its formulation. Takrarishta is more effective in reducing inflammation of anal area, anal itching, and pain due to piles. It reduces internal pressure that causes swelling of the veins. Takrarishta also increases appetite and treats anorexia.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is comparable with ancient term GRAHNI ROGA. In ayurveda, GRAHNI has several types. However, Takrarishta is effective in all types, but is most likely helpful in VATA and KAPHA dominant GRAHNI. The main action of Takrarishta is to increase digestive fire. It helps digest and eliminate the AMA, which is the main underlying cause of digestive ailment, according to ayurveda.

Dosage & Administration

The general dosage of Takrarishta is as follows.

Children2.5 to 5 ml *
Adults10 to 20 ml *
Geriatric (Old age)5 to 10 ml *
Maximum Possible Dosage (per day or in 24 hours)40 ml (In Divided Doses)

* Twice a day with water

How to Take

Mix Takrarishta in recommended dosage in equal amount of water and drink it immediately after meal.

Note: In most cases, equal water is not sufficient and Takrarishta may cause burning sensation, so 100 to 200 ml water should be used.

Safety Profile

Takrarishta is POSSIBLY SAFE & TOLERABLE in most people in the dosage described above.

Side Effects

The common side effect of Takrarishta is burning sensation. It generally occurs in people with previous history of acidity, heartburn, gastritis or ulcer. Other possible side effects are –

  • Heartburn
  • Burning sensation in abdomen
  • Aggravation of epigastric pain (upper abdominal tenderness)
  • Burning sensation during bowel movement
  • Mouth ulcer (rare)


Takrarishta should be prepared with traditional classical methods. Inappropriate preparation and raw Takrarishta may cause food poisoning due to contamination with microbes. The following symptoms may occur:

  • Nausea & Vomiting
  • Watery diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps or pain
  • Fever

Allergic Reactions

People with buttermilk allergy should not use Takrarishta.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Takrarishta should not be used in pregnancy because of some ingredients present in it, which may increase uterine contractions.

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  1. Good information and thank you

    But one thing sir, please also include information for different types of ARSHA, and GRAHANI i.e. VATAJA, PITTAJA, KAPHAJA and SANNIPATAJA for which type Takrarishta is useful.

  2. Dear Doctor, What exactly is buttermilk (Takra). This could not be the buttermilk in my German supermarket. Please help others and me in order to know what Takra really is and how we can produce Takra.

    Thank you
    Michael Wissemeier

    1. Takra has certain types. In Indian Villages, the most traditional type of Takra used is fatless buttermilk. The Takra is actually remained liquid portion after churning the milk cream while making butter. This is actual buttermilk or Takra explained in ayurveda. It has all those properties, which are described in Charaka Samhita, ayurvedic ancient text. It is perfect for making Takrarishta.

      If this type of Takra is not available, then the second method will be most appropriate. In second method, it can be prepared using yogurt and water. This type of Takra consists of 1 part of Yogurt and 2 parts of water. Yogurt with water is churned for 3 to 5 minutes to make Takra. However, the added water can vary in Takra, but for making Takrarishta, above ratio will be perfect. This type of Takra is heavier as compared to the traditional buttermilk (remained liquid portion after churning milk cream for making butter).

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