Tinospora Cordifolia (Giloy – Guduchi) Benefits, Medicinal Uses & Side Effects

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Tinospora Cordifolia (Giloy in Hindi and Guduchi in Sanskrit) is an important immunomodulator herb. Ayurvedic practice without this herb may not be possible. It is also an important ingredient of several ayurvedic medicines.

Giloy is beneficial in fever, chronic fever, infections, low immunity, cancer, asthma, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, recurrent infections, recurrent common cold, chronic catarrh, chronic fever, chronic fatigue, etc. In this article, we will discuss all about them.

Botanical Description

Scientific NameTinospora Cordifolia
Plant FamilyMenispermaceae
Hindi NameGiloy
Sanskrit NameGuduchi
English NameTinospora
Other NamesAmrita

Botanical Classification (Taxonomy)

KingdomPLANTAE
Sub-KingdomVIRIDIPLANTAE
Infra KingdomSTREPTOPHYTA  (land plants)
Super DivisionEMBRYOPHYTA
DivisionTRACHEOPHYTA (tracheophytes or Vascular Plants)
Sub DivisionSPERMATOPHYTINA (spermatophytes or Seed Plants)
ClassMAGNOLIOPSIDA
Super OrderRANUNCULANAE
OrderRANUNCULALES
FamilyMENISPERMACEAE
GenusTINOSPORA
SpeciesT. Cordifolia

Medicinal Parts

  • Stem
  • Leaves

Stem is a main medicinal part of Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia). Leaves are also beneficial in liver diseases.

Medicinal Properties

Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia) has following healing properties.

Primary Actions

  • Immunomodulator
  • Rejuvenative
  • Adaptogen
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Mild Analgesic
  • Antacid
  • Febrifuge
  • Anti-gout
  • Anti-mutagenic
  • Antioxidant
  • Anticancer
  • Anti-stress
  • Antipruritics
  • Hematogenic (helps in formation of red blood cells)
  • Detoxifier (AMA-NASHAK)

Secondary Actions

  • Demulcent
  • Carminative
  • Anti-constipation
  • Digestive Stimulant
  • Hypo-glycemic
  • Diuretic (Only with heavy dosage)

Giloy has studied for its immuno-modulatory, anti-inflammatory, anticholinesterase and analgesic effects. It also has gastrointestinal protective effects.

Ayurvedic Properties

Taste – RASABitter & Astringent
Main Quality – GUNAHeavy (GURU), Unctuous (SNIGADH)
Potency – VIRYAHot (USHNA)
Resultant – VIPAKASweet (MADHUR)
Therapeutic Effect – PRABHAVARejuvenative, Immunomodulator and Adaptogen
DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)Pacifies TRIDOSHA (VATA, PITTA & KAPHA)
Effects on OrgansStomach, Intestines, Liver, Heart, Blood, Skin

Therapeutic Indications

Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia) is helpful in following health conditions.

General

  • Fever
  • Common cold

Heart & Blood

  • High cholesterol levels
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Heart weakness

Digestive Health

  • Acidity
  • Chronic Gastritis
  • Constipation
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Heartburn
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Mouth ulcer
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Inflammation of gallbladder
  • Loss of appetite
  • Indigestion
  • Gas or flatulence
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal distension

Muscle, Bones & Joints

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout

Kidney & Bladder

  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Burning sensation in urine
  • Oily or sticky discharge in urine (with Patha)
  • Dysuria

Benefits & Medicinal Uses

The main effect of Guduchi or Tinospora Cordifolia is on AMA (Toxins formed in the body due to malabsorption and ill digestion). It reduces AMA and helps in all types of diseases in which AMA is associated. It is suitable for every person with every type of body type or with any disease due to its immunomodulator, rejuvenative and adaptogenic action. According to ayurveda, it increases the diminished DOSHA or DHATU and reduces the increased DOSHA or DHATU, so it brings balance of three DOSHA in the body and helps preventing all types of diseases.

Fever & Infections

Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia) is beneficial in all types of fever and infections including viral and bacterial infections. However, it is not a potent antipyretic, but it is good for its immuno-modulatory action. It reduces span of fever and duration of infection. When it is combined with Praval pishti, its antipyretic action is improved and it works well. It also maintains physical and mental strength of the patient and prevents fever-associated debility. It is beneficial in following symptoms associated with fever or infections.

  • Burning sensation
  • Heat sensation
  • Fatigue
  • Debility or weakness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Chills

Giloy Sat is more beneficial in fever as compared to Giloy powder. In modern formulation, Giloy extract is also used.

According to ayurveda, there are two main factors involved in fever.

  1. Internal Factor – AMA formation
  2. External Factor – Microbes or any foreign particles

Giloy arrests AMA formation and reduces the formed AMA by improving digestion and absorption. It also boosts natural immunity of the body, which helps fighting with the microbes.

Best Ayurvedic Antipyretic Formula

Giloy Satva500 mg
Praval Pishti500 mg
Godanti Bhasma500 mg
Tulsi (Holy Basil) Powder1000 mg

This formula has potent antipyretic action. Its effects start within 15 to 30 minutes. Its effects on lowering temperature are well comparable with acetaminophen. Other herbs and ayurvedic remedies are also required according to the type of infection involved.

Debility after Typhoid Fever or Chronic Diseases

Giloy is also beneficial for debility that occurs after typhoid fever. The following formulation helps in reducing chronic debility.

Giloy Sat or Powder or extract500 mg
Long pepper powder125 mg
Sitopaladi churna1500 mg
Honey1 tsp.

The results with this formulation start appearing within 7 days. If the patient has 99º F temperatures or has complaint of fatigue, tiredness, restlessness, weakness, pain in legs and body aches, then he may also require Yashad Bhasma (Zinc Supplement) or Vasant Malti Ras Gold to combating with all these symptoms.

Note: Giloy is more beneficial in chronic fever or diseases as compared to acute fever or during startup of the disease. It is more effective in low-grade fever than high-grade fever.

Skin Diseases

Guduchi acts on following symptoms in skin diseases.

  • Burning sensation
  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness

Tinospora is a good remedy for following skin diseases if above symptoms are more prominent.

  1. Urticaria
  2. Acne vulgaris
  3. Pimples with pain and tenderness

In some skin diseases, Giloy may not work alone. The local application of Neem oil or oil processed with following herbs is beneficial.

  1. Neem leaves
  2. Giloy leaves and stem
  3. Chirayata (Swertia Chirayita)
  4. turmeric (Curcuma Longa) powder

Pilonidal Sinus (PNS)

Pilonidal Sinus (PNS) is also called sacrococcygeal fistula and Pilonidal abscess or cyst. It occurs on or near natal cleft of the buttocks. In this condition, oil processed with Giloy Juice and Turmeric Paste is beneficial for removing skin debris, pus and dirt particles. It boosts the healing process of wound and treats Pilonidal sinus.

Sesame Oil (Purified)100 ml
Giloy Juice100 ml
Turmeric Paste100 grams

Heat and simmer the mixture of these three ingredients until the only oil remains and all water content get evaporated. Strain the oil and discard all herbal residues. Keep this oil in glass container and use when required.

Gout & Increase Uric Acid Levels

Giloy is a drug of choice for uric acid and gout in ayurveda. Guduchi reduces uric acid formation acting on AMA toxins and improving metabolic activities in the body. It also increases the elimination of uric acid through kidneys by improving renal functions. In ayurveda, associated AMA plays an important role in development of gout, which is preventable and treatable with following herbal combination.

Giloy Powder1 gram
Punarnava Powder1 gram
Sariva (Hemidesmus Indicus)1 gram
Trikatu Powder300 mg

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Giloy Powder and dried ginger power is the most effective natural remedy described in ancient texts of ayurveda. It is also proved effective in this modern era. Punarnava can also be added in this formulation to potentiate its effect. In absence of punarnava powder, one can also use Punarnavarishta.

Giloy Powder1 gram
Punarnava Powder1 gram
Dried Ginger powder1 gram

In some people, this combination can cause acidity due to excess amount of ginger. If patient has history of acidity or heartburn, the dosage of ginger should be reduced.

Interstitial Cystitis

In Interstitial Cystitis, Giloy Juice, Giloy Churna, Giloy Sat, or Giloy Decoction, all formulations of Giloy are beneficial. Giloy reduces damage and protect the epithelium of the bladder. Generally, it is not used alone. It is used along with Chandraprabha Vati, Gokshuradi Guggulu, Punarnava and Mustak (Cyperus Rotundus). The perfect medicine for Interstitial Cystitis is Chandraprabha Vati.

How to Use Giloy in Interstitial Cystitis

RemediesDosage
Giloy Churna5 grams
Punarnava Churna5 grams
Mustak (Cyperus Rotundus)1 gram
Take powders of these herbs in described ratio and 240 ml water. Boil the herbs in water and simmer the mixture until water remains one fourth (i.e. 60 ml). The Giloy decoction is ready for use in Interstitial Cystitis. Take Chandraprabha Vati and Gokshuradi Guggul with this decoction for a week. It helps clearing the bladder and removing the toxins.
After a week, one should take 500 mg Giloy Satva and Chandraprabha vati (1 gram) twice daily until getting complete relief from Interstitial Cystitis and its symptoms.

Pancreatitis

Giloy (Tinospora Cordifolia) has potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant action. (Ref., Ref., Ref.)

Giloy also has analgesic properties, which help relieving pain. (Ref., Ref., Ref.)

In chronic pancreatitis, Giloy reduces inflammation and upper abdominal pain. It is also AMAPACHAKA (Detoxifier) according to ayurveda. In Chronic pancreatitis, steatorrhea (oily and smelly stools) occurs, which indicates AMA in the body. Giloy reduces these toxins and clears oiliness and bad smell in the stools.

Secondly, Tinospora Cordifolia inhibits the pancreatic enzyme (pancreatic amylase) activities. (Ref.)

It is also likely to inhibit the activation of pancreatic enzymes within the pancreas, which is the main cause of pancreatitis. Therefore, it prevents and reduces irritation due to enzyme within the pancreas and reduces the inflammation. Furthermore, it prevents repeated bouts of pancreatitis and prevents damage to the pancreas.

Dosage

Plant Part or DerivativeDosage
Giloy Stem Powder1 to 3 grams
Giloy Stem Water50 ml to 100 ml
Giloy Stem Extract125 mg to 500 mg
Giloy Stem Juice1 ml to 5 ml
Giloy Satva250 mg to 1000 mg
Giloy Leaves Powder1 to 3 grams
Giloy Leaves Juice2.5 ml to 10 ml

Caution & Side Effects

There is not side effect reported using Giloy in recommended dosage. The excess dosage of Giloy Powder may cause feeling of excess heat sensation in the body. Excess dosage of Giloy Satva does not give this type of feeling.

FAQs about Giloy

How long one can take Giloy for overall good health without any side effects?

Giloy in natural form can be taken for long-term even for years. Giloy water extracts are also safe for long-term.

What is the Dosage of Giloy for long term usage for maintaining good health?

Giloy churna should be taken 2 grams once a day for good health and improving immunity. Giloy Sat can be taken in dosage of 500 mg per day and Giloy Ghan Vati can be taken 1 tablet per day for similar benefits.

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