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Vata Pitta Kapha – Tridosha

Vata, pitta, kapha are three humors used in ayurvedic medicine for diagnosis and these are collectively known as tridosha.

In Ayurveda, Pancha mahabhuta and tridosha are two main theories. Pancha mahabhuta deals with five elements air, water, fire, earth and ether. Tridosha deals with three dosha, which are vata, pitta, and kapha. All Pancha mahabhuta are related with tridosha.


Vata or Vayu is related with all the movement in the nervous system and whole body. It is associated with the elements ether and air. If vata is balanced, it controls blood flow, breathing, excretion, and mind related functions like creativity, speech, hearing etc. If vata is functioning properly than physcologically mind is in harmony with entire nervous system. The body is full of energy. At cellular level, cells are well coordinated throughout the body. Vata has a large effect on proper growth of organs, veins and arteries. Other two dosha pitta and kapha are also controlled by vata. Hence, if the disease occurs Vata is first to go out of balance. Metaphysically, it helps the body to stay mentally balanced and has a good sense of comprehension.

Five Types of vata

Udana vata

It is located between the throat and chest. It controls speech. Diseases related in this area are mostly related to the throat.

Prana vata

It is located around the heart. It controls expiration. Diseases related within this area are asthma, hiccough etc.

Sama vata

It is located in the stomach region. It controls the digestion process of food and controls production of digestive juices, feces, urine etc. Diseases related within this area are indigestion etc.

Apana vata

It is located in the lower part of stomach with those organs, which are involved in excretion. It controls the excretion of urine, stool, seminal fluids etc. Diseases related within this area are related to spermatogenesis, urinary bladder etc.

Vyana vata

It is distributed in the whole body. It controls involuntary movements like, sweating, closing of eyes etc. Diseases related with it is related to eyes, internal fluids etc.

Main Symptoms related to Vata

  1. Pain
  2. Thirst
  3. Depression
  4. Organ contraction
  5. Rough skin
  6. Cheerlessness
  7. The sense of being lost
  8. Paralysis over entire body

Read More: Vata Dosha


Pitta is related to elements, fire and water. It controls all the bile that is secreted in the stomach. Hence, for the most part it controls over metabolism. By controlling metabolism, it controls the transformation of over the body during growth. The other main thing it controls is the heat throughout the body. Someone with great Pitta has a charismatic personality. If pitta is out of balance, it leads to obesity, ulcer, hair fall, anger etc. As it controls heat generated in the body, it looks over biochemical reaction in the overall body. It also helps in creating excitement in the body. Metaphysically it helps us to understand, perceive ideas and develop the intellect.

Five Types of pitta

Pachaka Pitta

It is located in the stomach and intestine. It controls the production of the chyle during the digestion. It is also responsible for the excretion of urine and stool. Diseases related with it are acidity, burning of stomach, sour taste, etc.

Ranjaka Pitta

It is also located in the stomach. It provides color to the Chyle and help in the production of blood. Diseases related with it are hemoptysis, liver infection, spleen trouble, etc.

Sadhaka Pitta

It is located in Brain. It controls understanding of anything, memory and visualization. In the state of out of balance, person loses the ability to think and understand.

Alochka Pitta

It is located in the eyes. It controls the vision. All diseases related to eyes and vision is due to imbalances in Alochka Pitta.

Bhrajaka Pitta

It is located in the skin. It helps in maintaining the texture and color of the skin. The diseases related with it are skin related like discoloration of skin etc.

Main Symptoms related to pitta

  1. Warmth
  2. Skinniness
  3. Vision loss
  4. Discoloration

Read More: Pitta Dosha


Kapha is related with elements water and earth. It keeps joints lubricated, maintains skin tone, keeps immunity strong, heals wounds, and provides strength to whole body. As it controls joints, it is responsible for the strength of the complete biological structure of the body. It also helps in maintaining memories. Kapha is also related to emotions. If out of balance, it can lead to fatness, lethargy, jealousy, envy and greed. Metaphysically it is related with emotions like calmness, love, passion and forgiveness. On contrary to pitta, kapha maintains the coolness of the body. It controls the water in the body. A preservative fluid is generated whenever heat in the body goes out of control.

Five types of kapha

Kledaka kapha

It is located in the stomach. It moistens the food and intestine during the ingestion. Diseases related with it are discoloration of waste excreted, urine etc. It can also lead to loss of appetite and can cause indigestion.

Abalambaka kapha

It is located in the heart. It lubricates parts of heart and even some parts of the chest. Disease related to it is looseness.

Bodhaka kapha

It is located at the mouth. It controls the sense of taste in the tongue. If it is out of balance can lead distaste and food will taste bitter.

Tarpaka kapha

It is located in the brain. It controls the sense of intellectuality in organs which help in the comprehension of the outside world. Hence, it controls the intellectual process of the body. If it goes out of balance, then intellectual strength is lost and organs related to it are compromised.

Sleshmaka kapha

It is present in all joints. It keeps all joints lubricated. If it fails, then the whole biological structure of the body will be weakened and mobility will be lost.

Main Symptoms related with kapha

  1. Heaviness in the body
  2. White patches over the skin
  3. Sweet or salty taste of mouth
  4. Weight gain or obesity

Read More: Kapha Dosha

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