Vyoshadi Vatakam (Vyoshadi Vati)

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Vyoshadi Vatakam (also called Vyoshadi Vati & Vyoshadi Gutika) is an ayurvedic medicine used for respiratory and digestive disorders. It is main medicine for the common cold in Ayurveda and really helpful for relieving nasal inflammation, discharge, congestion and irritation. It is also useful in allergic rhinitis, sneezing, cough, and breathing troubles (asthma). It improves appetite and increases the desire to eat, so it can also be given in cases of anorexia.

Ingredients (Composition)

There are two types of formulations available in the market. Many Kerala Pharmaceutical companies follow the formulation described in ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM and named it as Vyoshadi Vatakam. The second formulation is used in Northern India and often called as Vyoshadi Vati, which is used as a lozenge for a sore throat. However, ingredients in both formulations are same, but the quantity used for preparation is different.

Vyoshadi Vatakam Composition

According to ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM, Vyoshadi Vatakam contains:
IngredientsQuantity
Trikatu Churna1.74%
Talispatra – Abies Webbiana1.74%
Chavya (Java Long Pepper) – Piper Chaba1.74%
Tintidika – Rhus Parviflora1.74%
Amlavetasa – Garcinia Pedunculata1.74%
Chitrak (White leadwort) – Plumbago Zeylanica1.74%
Jeera (Cumin) – Cuminum Cyminum1.74%
Dalchini (Cinnamon) – Cinnamomum Zeylanicum0.21%
Elaichi (Cardamom) – Elettaria Cardamomum0.21%
Tejpata (Indian Bay Leaf) – Cinnamomum Tamala0.21%
Gur – Jaggery87.14%
Reference: ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM, UTTARATANTRA, CHAPTER 20, VERSE 5 – 6

Vyoshadi Vati Composition

According to Sarngadhara Samhita, Vyoshadi Vati contains:
IngredientsQuantity
Trikatu Churna36 grams (9.6%)
Talispatra – Abies Webbiana12 grams (3.2%)
Chavya (Java Long Pepper) – Piper Chaba12 grams (3.2%)
Tintidika – Rhus Parviflora12 grams (3.2%)
Amlavetasa Garcinia Pedunculata12 grams (3.2%)
Chitrak (White leadwort) – Plumbago Zeylanica12 grams (3.2%)
Jeera (Cumin) – Cuminum Cyminum12 grams (3.2%)
Dalchini (Cinnamon) – Cinnamomum Zeylanicum9 grams (2.4%)
Elaichi (Cardamom) – Elettaria Cardamomum9 grams (2.4%)
Tejpata (Indian Bay Leaf) – Cinnamomum Tamala9 grams (2.4%)
Gur – Jaggery240 grams (64%)
Sugar Syrup (Chasni) is prepared using Jaggery and water. All other ingredients are added in the Chasni and Vati are prepared.
Reference: SARNGADHARA SAMHITA, MADHYAM KHANDA, CHAPTER 7, VATAKAM KALPANA, VERSE 22 – 23

Pharmacological Actions

The main action of Vyoshadi Vatakam is observable on respiratory and digestive systems. It stimulates the digestive fire and thus improves appetite. It also improves the desire to eat and reduces tastelessness of the mouth.

Medicinal Properties

  • Decongestant
  • Bronchodilator
  • Antitussive
  • Antiviral
  • Antibacterial
  • Antiallergic
  • Appetizer
  • Digestive stimulant

Ayurvedic Properties

GUNA (Main Quality)LAGHU (Light), RUKSHA (Dry)
VIRYA (Potency)USHNA (Hot)
DOSHA KARMA (Effect on Humors)Pacifies KAPHA DOSHA & VATA DOSHA
Organs EffectLungs, Respiratory tract, Stomach & Liver

According to the ingredients’ analysis, Vyoshadi Vatakam has USHNA (Hot) potency and it mainly pacifies VATA DOSHA and KAPHA DOSHA.

Therapeutic Indications

  • Common Cold
  • Coryza or catarrh
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Sneezing
  • Sinusitis
  • Nasal Polyp
  • Sore Throat
  • Cough
  • Breathing Difficulty & Asthma
  • Heart Diseases
  • Anemia

Benefits & Medicinal Uses

Vyoshadi Vatakam reduces inflammation of the nasal cavity, sinuses, and respiratory tract. Additionally, it improves appetite and digestion. If fever occurs along with respiratory problems, then it also reduces body pains occurring due to fever by helping digestion of formed AMA.

Common Cold

In the common cold, Vyoshadi Vatakam is more beneficial in the initial stage when the patient has a runny nose, sneezing, congestion and nasal irritation. It reduces inflammation and irritation of the nasal mucosa, which gives relief from the most of the common cold symptoms. It can be used in dosage of one teaspoon thrice daily during acute onset of the coryza.

Sinusitis

Vyoshadi Vatakam also reduces infection and inflammation of the tissue lining of the sinuses. Ingredients like Trikatu, Chitrak etc. help to reduce the blockage caused by fluid or germs. It may act as bacteriostatic and may prevent the growth of germs in the sinuses. Along with nasal instillation of Shadbindu Oil, it helps to treat sinusitis.

Sore Throat

Vyoshadi Vati is used as lozenges for a sore throat in Northern India. It is a common medicine prescribed for a sore throat. It reduces irritation, throat pain, and cough associated with a sore throat. It is more beneficial when throat and tongue has white coating, or itchy, and has no burning sensation.

Dosage & Administration

The dosage according to the formulations is given below:

Vyoshadi Vatakam Dosage

The general dosage of Vyoshadi Vatakam (Formulation of ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM) is as follows.
Children2.5 to 5 grams *
Adults5 to 10 grams *
Maximum Possible Dosage30 grams Per Day (in divided doses)
* Twice a day with lukewarm water or milk
Best Time to Take: After Food

Vyoshadi Vati Dosage

The general dosage of Vyoshadi Vati (Formulation of SARNGADHARA SAMHITA) is as follows.
Children1 tablet *
Adults2 tablets *
Maximum Possible DosagePer Day (in divided doses)
* 4 to 8 times a day
Best Time to Take: Anytime
Note: Dosage is as per the tablet weight: 375 to 500 mg

Safety Profile

All available Vyoshadi formulations are considerably safe and well-tolerated in most individuals when these are taken in the recommended dosage under the supervision of an ayurvedic physician. Vyoshadi formulations are likely to work on Vata and Kapha Dosha. In higher dosage, Vyoshadi Vatakam may increase Pitta Dosha in the body, which may result in following side effects.

Side Effects

  1. Heartburn
  2. Gastric Irritation or discomfort
  3. Burning sensation

Pregnancy & Lactation

Vyoshadi formulations contain Chitrak, which is contraindicated in pregnancy because it may induce bleeding when used in higher dosage. However, the amount of Chitrak used in the Vyoshadi formulation is insignificant to cause any issue when Vyoshadi is taken for a short-term (less than a week) in dosage less than 3 grams per day. It should be avoided when other better alternatives are available.

Lactating mothers can use the Vyoshadi formulations in the recommended dosage under professional supervision. It is likely safe for both lactating mothers as well as the breastfeeding child.

Contraindications

There are no absolute contraindications for Vyoshadi formulations, but people with bleeding disorders should avoid it. Some ingredients in it may increase the chances of bleeding. It should also be avoided 2 weeks prior to the surgery and up to 2 weeks after the surgery. Patients with frequent mouth ulcers should also avoid it. It may increase burning pain in the ulcers.

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