Medicinal Plants

Paeonia emodi Medicinal Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

The medicinal uses of Paeonia emodi are attributed to its neuroprotective, emmenagogue and antiepileptic actions. Its roots are primarily used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine. However, you may not find it in regular ayurvedic practice, still, it is worth to discuss some of its therapeutic uses for people who can find this plant.

What is Paeonia emodi?

Paeonia emodi is a plant species belong to Paeoniaceae (peony) family and Paeonia L. (peony rose) genus.

In English, it is called Himalayan Peony. In Hindi and Sanskrit, it is known as Chandra, Chandayra or Chandrain. In Urdu, it is called Ud-salap and Ood salib nim kofta.

Synonyms & Vernacular Names

Common Name Himalayan Peony, Chandra
Botanical Name Paeonia emodi
English Himalayan Peony, Peony rose
Hindi Chandra, Chandayra or Chandrain
Sanskrit Chandra
Unani Medicine & Urdu Ud-salap, Ood salib nim kofta

Plant Taxonomy

Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants)
Super Division Embryophyta
Division Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants)
Subdivision Spermatophytina (Seed Plants)
Class Magnoliopsida
Super Order Saxifraganae
Order Saxifragales
Family Paeoniaceae 
Genus Paeonia L.
Species Paeonia emodi

Medicinal Parts

In traditional medicine including ayurveda and Unani Medicine, its roots are a primary medicinal part.

Ayurvedic Properties

Rasa (Taste) Katu (Pungent)
Anu Rasa (After Taste) Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Main Quality) Laghu (Light)
Virya (Potency) Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka (Resultant) Katu (Pungent)
Organs Effect Nerves, Uterus, Brain
Excretion Probably Kidney

Dosha Karma

Increases Pitta Dosha.
Reduces Kapha Dosha
Pacifies Vata Dosha.
Suitable Vata and Kapha disorders
Unsuitable Pitta Body Type.

Medicinal Properties

Paeonia emodi has the following healing actions: –

  • Neuroprotective.
  • Emmenagogue.
  • Antiepileptic.
  • Blood detoxifier.

Therapeutic Indications

Paeonia emodi is traditionally used in the following diseases:

  • Amenorrhea.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Convulsions.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Paralysis.
  • Kidney stone.


The classical ayurvedic dosage of Paeonia emodi root powder is as follows:

Children 5 mg per Kg of body weight
Adults 250 mg
Pregnancy Not Recommended
Maximum Possible Dosage 500 mg per day in divided doses

How to Take

Anupan (Adjuvant) Water or as per dosha.
Dosage Frequency  Twice daily.
Medication Time After a meal.

Safety Profile

Paeonia emodi root powder is strong medicine. So, it should be used under professional supervision. It can cause several side effects if used unwisely.

Side Effects of Paeonia emodi

Paeonia emodi can cause the following side effects:

  • Headache.
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
  • Vertigo.
  • Nausea and Vomiting.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Paeonia emodi root powder is LIKELY UNSAFE during pregnancy and lactation.


  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ear).
  • Vertigo.
  • Amal Pitta (Acid peptic disorders).

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Dr. Jagdev Singh

Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. in Medicinal Plants) is an Ayurvedic Practitioner and Herbalist. He has successfully treated thousands of patients with Ayurveda (including Herbal Ayurvedic Medicine and Ayurvedic Diet). Ayur Times is an initiative of his efforts to bring quality information on Indian Medicine with the highest level of relevancy and scientific evidence.

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