Ayurvedic Oils

Bhringraj Oil

Bhringraj Oil (also called Bhringraj Tail, Bhringraj Hair Oil) is an ayurvedic classical medicine. It helps treating gray hair, hair fall, headache and mental weakness. It also increases memory, promotes hair growth and prevents hair damage. In ayurveda, it is most common recommendation for almost all hair disorders. Regular massage with Bhringraj Hair Oil (Bhringraj Oil No. 1) has calming effect on the brain and induces feeling of coolness on the head.

Basic Information
Medicine CategoryMedicated Oils
Dosha EffectTridosha
Potential ActionHair Growth Promoter
Main IndicationHair Disorders
Main SymptomsItching, Hair Fall, Dry Scalp
Special Organ EffectHair, Skin & Brain
Safety ProfileLikely Safe
Dosage (for Nasal Administration)2 Drops in Each Nostril
Shelf Life before Opening1 Year
Shelf Life after Opening2 to 3 months

Bhringraj Oil Ingredients & Composition

Bhringraj Oil mainly has four formulations. Bhringraj Juice is a common ingredient in all types of formulations described in different ayurvedic classical texts. The main therapeutic effect on hair problems is due to the main ingredient (i.e. Bhringraj Juice). Each formulation has different benefits and different therapeutic uses.

Bhringraj Oil No. 1

This Bhringraj Oil formulation is most commonly available in the market. This preparation is given in Siddha Yoga Sangraha (S.Y.S.). It is best formulation for Bhringraj Oil and provides all benefits.

Herbal Juices
Eclipta Alba – Bhringraj (Whole Plant Juice)2560 grams
Brahmi Juice640 grams
Amla Juice640 grams
Base Oil
Sesame Oil (Til Tail)1280 grams
Herbs for Kalka (Paste)
Terminalia Chebula – Haritaki10 grams
Terminalia Bellirica – Bibhitaki10 grams
Emblica officinalis – Amla10 grams
Cyprus Rotundus – Nagarmotha10 grams
Curcuma Zedoaria – Kachur – Zedoary10 grams
Symplocos Racemosa – Lodhra10 grams
Rubia Cordifolia – Manjistha10 grams
Psoralea Corylifolia – Babchi10 grams
Pterocarpus Santalinus – Red Sandalwood – Lal Chandan10 grams
Prunus Cerasoides – Padmaka10 grams
Hemidesmus Indicus – Anantamul10 grams
Lawsonia Inermis – Henna – Mehndi10 grams
Callicarpa Macrophylla – Priyangu10 grams
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza Glabra10 grams
Nardostachys Jatamansi – Jatamansi10 grams
Saussurea Lappa – Kuth (Indian costus root)10 grams
Mandur10 grams

Bhringraj Oil No. 2

This Bhringraj Oil formulation is described in Bhaishajya Ratnavali (B.R.) in chapter 60, KSHUDRA ROGA CHIKITSA, and Verse 130 – 135. Some companies prepare the Bhringraj Oil using this formulation.

Herbal Juices
Eclipta Alba – Bhringraj (Whole Plant Juice)7.845 Kg
Base Oil
Sesame Oil (Til Tail)7.565 Kg
Herbs for Kalka (Paste)
Rubia Cordifolia – Manjistha4.6 grams
Pterocarpus Santalinus – Red Sandalwood – Lal Chandan4.6 grams
Swarngairik – Red Ochre4.6 grams
Sida Cordifolia – Bala root4.6 grams
Curcuma Longa – Turmeric – Haldi4.6 grams
Berberis Aristata – Daruhaldi4.6 grams
Mesua Ferrea – Nagkesar4.6 grams
Callicarpa Macrophylla – Priyangu4.6 grams
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza Glabra4.6 grams
Nelumbo Nucifera – sacred lotus (Indian Lotus) – Kamal Kesar4.6 grams
Hemidesmus Indicus – Anantamul4.6 grams
Cow’s MilkQ.S.

Bhringraj Oil No. 3

This Bhringraj Oil formulation is described in Bhaishajya Ratnavali (B.R.) in chapter 64, NETRA ROGA CHIKITSA, and Verse 271 – 272. The main purpose of this formulation is to use for nasal administration. Its Nasya improves eyesight and cures problems of hair fall and premature graying of hair. It has only three ingredients. It is also not commonly available. A large quantity of Bhringraj juice (7.5 Kg) is required for making 184 grams Bhringraj oil through this method, so pharmaceutical companies do not manufacture it. It is not cost effective. Some Panchakarma Centers and traditional Vaidya generally prepare it for their patients.

Herbal Juices
Eclipta Alba – Bhringraj (Whole Plant Juice)7.565 Kg
Base Oil
Sesame Oil (Til Tail)184 grams
Herbs for Kalka (Paste)
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza Glabra23 grams

Bhringraj Oil No. 4

This Bhringraj Oil formulation is not commonly available in the market. This formulation is described in Sharangdhar Samhita (S.S.) in Madhyam Khand, Chapter 9, GRIT TAIL KALPANA, and Verse 161-162. Actually, it is more beneficial for Scalp folliculitis and Scalp Itching.

Herbal Juices –
Eclipta Alba – Bhringraj (Whole Plant Juice)5 kg
Base Oil
Sesame Oil (Til Tail)1 Kg
Herbs for Kalka (Paste)
Triphala66.66 grams
Hemidesmus Indicus – Anantamul66.66 grams
Mandur66.66 grams

How to Make Bhringraj Oil

  1. Extract juices of herbs for Bhringraj Oil and measure them by weight for the quantity provided above.
  2. Prepare herbal paste using powder of herbs described under herbs for Kalka (paste) with water or Cow’s Milk.
  3. Take purified sesame oil for making Bhringraj Oil.
  4. Mix all ingredients of Bhringraj Oil (including oil, juices & Herbal paste).
  5. Now, simmer the mixture until the Oil remains. The remained oil is now called Bhringraj Oil.
  6. Leave the Bhringraj Oil for 12 to 24 hours for natural cooling. It will be best if it is left for 3 to 7 days because it improves the quality and efficacy of the oil.
  7. Then filter Bhringraj Oil using cotton cloth and discard herbal residues. Now Bhringraj Oil is ready for use.

Medicinal Properties of Bhringraj Oil

Bhringraj Oil has following healing properties.

  1. Hair growth promoter
  2. Antidandruff
  3. Antimicrobial & Antibacterial
  4. Antifungal
  5. Anti-inflammatory
  6. Anti-stress (massage induce relaxation)
  7. Antipruritics
  8. Anodyne (action appear in headache)
  9. Improves Eyesight (Nasal Administration)

Bhringraj Oil Indications

Bhringraj Oil has following indications:

  1. Hair Fall
  2. Premature graying of Hair
  3. Broken Hair
  4. Dandruff
  5. Scalp folliculitis
  6. Scalp Itching
  7. Scalp pus filled acne
  8. Tinea Capitis – Fungal Infection
  9. Dry Scalp (Bhringraj Oil No. 1 is more useful)
  10. Headache (Massage)
  11. Weak Eyesight (Nasya – Nasal Administration)
  12. Frozen shoulder (Stiffed & Painful Shoulder joint) – Nasya – Nasal Administration

Bhringraj Oil Benefits & Uses

Bhringraj Oil has following benefits:

  • Promotes Hair Growth.
  • Prevents Hair Damage.
  • Stops Hair Fall.
  • Relieves Headache and Mental Fatigue.
  • Prevents Premature Whitening of Hair.

Bhringraj Oil is effective ayurvedic solution for hair problems and scalp infections. Well-prepared formulation of Bhringraj Oil is helpful in every disease listed in therapeutic indications above. On hair, Bhringraj Oil works on restoring natural color of the hair and strengthening hair roots and hair.

In all types of hair problems, the following ayurvedic combination along with Bhringraj Oil application provides best results. This mixture helps in broken hair, thin hair, weak hair, hair fall, premature graying of hairs, graying of beard and scalp acne.

Amalaki Rasayan1000 mg *
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) Churna1000 mg *
Bhringraj Powder500 mg *
Praval Pishti250 mg *
Mukta Pishti125 mg *
Godanti Bhasma250 mg *
Jasad Bhasma20 mg *
Abhrak Bhasma20 mg *
* Twice Daily an hour after meal with water

Hair fall

According to ayurveda, Hair fall occurs to the excess VATA, which might become associated with either PITTA or KAPHA. Generally, VATA-PITTA condition is common. In such case, hair becomes weak and thin. Secondly, excess scalp dryness and undernourished hair follicles are also underlying causes of hair fall.

Bhringraj Oil has effect on all three Dosha. It reduces VATA & KAPHA and rectifying PITTA. The regular use of Bhringraj Oil increases blood circulation to scalp skin and helps provide proper nourishment to the hair follicles. 5 to 10 gentle massage with Bhringraj Hair Oil is essential for achieving good results and reduce hair fall.

Bhringraj Oil is more effective when one has scalp itching, bad smelly scalp/hair, thin hair, broken hair and scalp infections.


Dandruff has three types according to Dosha Analysis as per ayurveda.

  1. Vata Dominance: Flaking of the skin is commonly occurs due to dry skin. Flakes are generally smaller. Your skin type might be dry in such cases.
  2. Pitta Dominance & AMA association: Flakes can be yellow and mildly greasy. Scalp can be red and scalp skin can be tender (pain can be felt pressing scalp skin). Yellow scales and bad smelling scalp or hairs indicate Pitta association with AMA.
  3. Kapha Dominance: Oily and irritable scalp skin is most common cause of such type. In such case, flakes can be flaky white or white and greasy. Seborrheic dermatitis is common condition under this category.

Bhringraj Oil is effective in all conditions. The daily 5 to 10 minutes massage with this oil is essential to get rid of Dandruff for a few days. Thereafter, one can use it 2-3 times a week replacing the regular oil. Bhringraj Oil can be used as regular oil safely. Lukewarm Bhringraj hair oil should be used for massage.

Premature Graying of Hair

Bhringraj Oil contains active substances of Bhringraj and Jatamansi, which are main ingredients for preventing and treating premature graying of hairs. Both herbs help restoring natural color of hair and further preventing the graying. However, a long-term application (at least 6 months) on daily basis is required to get the desired results. In addition to this, some people may also require internal/oral medications. The most commonly this condition occurs due to excess PITTA DOSHA in the body or acidic body. In such case, one should increase intake of fruits and vegetables along with following herbal powder combination.

Amalaki Rasayan1000 mg *
Mulethi (Yashtimadhu) Churna1000 mg *
Bhringraj Powder500 mg *
Praval Pishti250 mg *
Mukta Pishti125 mg *
* Twice Daily an hour after meal with water

Scalp Folliculitis

Folliculitis usually occurs due inflammation of hair follicles, which usually occurs due to bacteria Staphylococcus Aureus. Other microbes, fungi, virus may also cause scalp folliculitis.

Bhringraj Oil has active substances of Bhringraj (Eclipta Alba), which exhibit antimicrobial properties. It is also effective against Staphylococcus Aureus, as study on cancer patients suggested this finding. (Ref)

Additionally, ingredients of Bhringraj Oil have anti-inflammatory properties and reduce inflammation of hair follicles. Inflammation of hair follicles on the scalp may occur due to other causes like excess heat or wearing turbans tightly. In such cases, Bhringraj Oil ingredients help alleviating inflammation. It reduces scalp tenderness, treats white-headed pimples and scalp itching.

Tinea Capitis (Ringworm on Scalp)

Tinea Capitis (a fungal infection) affects hair shafts and scalp skin. It can result in itchy scalp, bald or scaly patches on the scalp. Bhringraj Oil has antifungal properties. In such case, Bhringraj Oil No. 4 formulation is more effective.

Headache & Migraine

Bhringraj Oil massage is more effective when patient gets relief from pain by pressing the head or forehead. This type of pain occurs due to excess VATA, according to ayurveda.

The nasal administration (NASYA) with Bhringraj Oil is also effective in headache, which is generally dull type pain and patient experience heaviness in the head.

Contraindication: NASYA with Bhringraj Oil is contraindicated if patient has any of following symptoms.

  1. Acute Pulsating Pain
  2. Throbbing Pain
  3. Pain increases on pressure or after massage
  4. Burning sensation in the head or scalp

In such cases, Cow’s Ghee (Clarified Butter) should be used for Nasya.

Weak Eyesight

Nasal administration of Bhringraj Oil is likely to improve eyesight. 2 drops of Bhringraj Oil should be instilled in each nostril in the morning for improving vision. We do not have clinical experience on this.

How to Use Bhringraj Oil

  1. Wash your hands and warm the Bhringraj Tail.
  2. Take a small amount of Bhringraj Oil and apply it on the roots of hairs.
  3. Do a gentle massage for 5 to 10 minutes. It helps increasing absorption of Bhringraj oil.
  4. Apply the Bhringraj oil on regular basis replacing your regular hair oil.

Safety Profile

Bhringraj oil is LIKELY SAFE when applied over the scalp. Its Nasya (Nasal Administration) may cause side effects.

Side Effects of Bhringraj Oil

Bhringraj oil does not assume to cause side effects when applied over the scalp, but its nasal administration can result in following side effects:

  1. Nasal Irritation
  2. Throat Irritation
  3. Burning sensation in the nose
  4. Sneezing
  5. Headache (rare)

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